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path: root/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl_val.c
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 * Memory bandwidth monitoring and allocation library
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2018 Intel Corporation
 *
 * Authors:
 *    Sai Praneeth Prakhya <sai.praneeth.prakhya@intel.com>,
 *    Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
 */
#include "resctrl.h"

#define UNCORE_IMC		"uncore_imc"
#define READ_FILE_NAME		"events/cas_count_read"
#define WRITE_FILE_NAME		"events/cas_count_write"
#define DYN_PMU_PATH		"/sys/bus/event_source/devices"
#define SCALE			0.00006103515625
#define MAX_IMCS		20
#define MAX_TOKENS		5
#define READ			0
#define WRITE			1
#define CON_MON_MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH				\
	"%s/%s/mon_groups/%s/mon_data/mon_L3_%02d/mbm_local_bytes"

#define CON_MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH		\
	"%s/%s/mon_data/mon_L3_%02d/mbm_local_bytes"

#define MON_MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH		\
	"%s/mon_groups/%s/mon_data/mon_L3_%02d/mbm_local_bytes"

#define MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH			\
	"%s/mon_data/mon_L3_%02d/mbm_local_bytes"

#define CON_MON_LCC_OCCUP_PATH		\
	"%s/%s/mon_groups/%s/mon_data/mon_L3_%02d/llc_occupancy"

#define CON_LCC_OCCUP_PATH		\
	"%s/%s/mon_data/mon_L3_%02d/llc_occupancy"

#define MON_LCC_OCCUP_PATH		\
	"%s/mon_groups/%s/mon_data/mon_L3_%02d/llc_occupancy"

#define LCC_OCCUP_PATH			\
	"%s/mon_data/mon_L3_%02d/llc_occupancy"

struct membw_read_format {
	__u64 value;         /* The value of the event */
	__u64 time_enabled;  /* if PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_ENABLED */
	__u64 time_running;  /* if PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_RUNNING */
	__u64 id;            /* if PERF_FORMAT_ID */
};

struct imc_counter_config {
	__u32 type;
	__u64 event;
	__u64 umask;
	struct perf_event_attr pe;
	struct membw_read_format return_value;
	int fd;
};

static char mbm_total_path[1024];
static int imcs;
static struct imc_counter_config imc_counters_config[MAX_IMCS][2];

void membw_initialize_perf_event_attr(int i, int j)
{
	memset(&imc_counters_config[i][j].pe, 0,
	       sizeof(struct perf_event_attr));
	imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.type = imc_counters_config[i][j].type;
	imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.size = sizeof(struct perf_event_attr);
	imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.disabled = 1;
	imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.inherit = 1;
	imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.exclude_guest = 0;
	imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.config =
		imc_counters_config[i][j].umask << 8 |
		imc_counters_config[i][j].event;
	imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.sample_type = PERF_SAMPLE_IDENTIFIER;
	imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.read_format =
		PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_ENABLED | PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_RUNNING;
}

void membw_ioctl_perf_event_ioc_reset_enable(int i, int j)
{
	ioctl(imc_counters_config[i][j].fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_RESET, 0);
	ioctl(imc_counters_config[i][j].fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE, 0);
}

void membw_ioctl_perf_event_ioc_disable(int i, int j)
{
	ioctl(imc_counters_config[i][j].fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_DISABLE, 0);
}

/*
 * get_event_and_umask:	Parse config into event and umask
 * @cas_count_cfg:	Config
 * @count:		iMC number
 * @op:			Operation (read/write)
 */
void get_event_and_umask(char *cas_count_cfg, int count, bool op)
{
	char *token[MAX_TOKENS];
	int i = 0;

	strcat(cas_count_cfg, ",");
	token[0] = strtok(cas_count_cfg, "=,");

	for (i = 1; i < MAX_TOKENS; i++)
		token[i] = strtok(NULL, "=,");

	for (i = 0; i < MAX_TOKENS; i++) {
		if (!token[i])
			break;
		if (strcmp(token[i], "event") == 0) {
			if (op == READ)
				imc_counters_config[count][READ].event =
				strtol(token[i + 1], NULL, 16);
			else
				imc_counters_config[count][WRITE].event =
				strtol(token[i + 1], NULL, 16);
		}
		if (strcmp(token[i], "umask") == 0) {
			if (op == READ)
				imc_counters_config[count][READ].umask =
				strtol(token[i + 1], NULL, 16);
			else
				imc_counters_config[count][WRITE].umask =
				strtol(token[i + 1], NULL, 16);
		}
	}
}

static int open_perf_event(int i, int cpu_no, int j)
{
	imc_counters_config[i][j].fd =
		perf_event_open(&imc_counters_config[i][j].pe, -1, cpu_no, -1,
				PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC);

	if (imc_counters_config[i][j].fd == -1) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Error opening leader %llx\n",
			imc_counters_config[i][j].pe.config);

		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Get type and config (read and write) of an iMC counter */
static int read_from_imc_dir(char *imc_dir, int count)
{
	char cas_count_cfg[1024], imc_counter_cfg[1024], imc_counter_type[1024];
	FILE *fp;

	/* Get type of iMC counter */
	sprintf(imc_counter_type, "%s%s", imc_dir, "type");
	fp = fopen(imc_counter_type, "r");
	if (!fp) {
		perror("Failed to open imc counter type file");

		return -1;
	}
	if (fscanf(fp, "%u", &imc_counters_config[count][READ].type) <= 0) {
		perror("Could not get imc type");
		fclose(fp);

		return -1;
	}
	fclose(fp);

	imc_counters_config[count][WRITE].type =
				imc_counters_config[count][READ].type;

	/* Get read config */
	sprintf(imc_counter_cfg, "%s%s", imc_dir, READ_FILE_NAME);
	fp = fopen(imc_counter_cfg, "r");
	if (!fp) {
		perror("Failed to open imc config file");

		return -1;
	}
	if (fscanf(fp, "%s", cas_count_cfg) <= 0) {
		perror("Could not get imc cas count read");
		fclose(fp);

		return -1;
	}
	fclose(fp);

	get_event_and_umask(cas_count_cfg, count, READ);

	/* Get write config */
	sprintf(imc_counter_cfg, "%s%s", imc_dir, WRITE_FILE_NAME);
	fp = fopen(imc_counter_cfg, "r");
	if (!fp) {
		perror("Failed to open imc config file");

		return -1;
	}
	if  (fscanf(fp, "%s", cas_count_cfg) <= 0) {
		perror("Could not get imc cas count write");
		fclose(fp);

		return -1;
	}
	fclose(fp);

	get_event_and_umask(cas_count_cfg, count, WRITE);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * A system can have 'n' number of iMC (Integrated Memory Controller)
 * counters, get that 'n'. For each iMC counter get it's type and config.
 * Also, each counter has two configs, one for read and the other for write.
 * A config again has two parts, event and umask.
 * Enumerate all these details into an array of structures.
 *
 * Return: >= 0 on success. < 0 on failure.
 */
static int num_of_imcs(void)
{
	unsigned int count = 0;
	char imc_dir[512];
	struct dirent *ep;
	int ret;
	DIR *dp;

	dp = opendir(DYN_PMU_PATH);
	if (dp) {
		while ((ep = readdir(dp))) {
			if (strstr(ep->d_name, UNCORE_IMC)) {
				sprintf(imc_dir, "%s/%s/", DYN_PMU_PATH,
					ep->d_name);
				ret = read_from_imc_dir(imc_dir, count);
				if (ret) {
					closedir(dp);

					return ret;
				}
				count++;
			}
		}
		closedir(dp);
		if (count == 0) {
			perror("Unable find iMC counters!\n");

			return -1;
		}
	} else {
		perror("Unable to open PMU directory!\n");

		return -1;
	}

	return count;
}

static int initialize_mem_bw_imc(void)
{
	int imc, j;

	imcs = num_of_imcs();
	if (imcs <= 0)
		return imcs;

	/* Initialize perf_event_attr structures for all iMC's */
	for (imc = 0; imc < imcs; imc++) {
		for (j = 0; j < 2; j++)
			membw_initialize_perf_event_attr(imc, j);
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * get_mem_bw_imc:	Memory band width as reported by iMC counters
 * @cpu_no:		CPU number that the benchmark PID is binded to
 * @bw_report:		Bandwidth report type (reads, writes)
 *
 * Memory B/W utilized by a process on a socket can be calculated using
 * iMC counters. Perf events are used to read these counters.
 *
 * Return: >= 0 on success. < 0 on failure.
 */
static float get_mem_bw_imc(int cpu_no, char *bw_report)
{
	float reads, writes, of_mul_read, of_mul_write;
	int imc, j, ret;

	/* Start all iMC counters to log values (both read and write) */
	reads = 0, writes = 0, of_mul_read = 1, of_mul_write = 1;
	for (imc = 0; imc < imcs; imc++) {
		for (j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
			ret = open_perf_event(imc, cpu_no, j);
			if (ret)
				return -1;
		}
		for (j = 0; j < 2; j++)
			membw_ioctl_perf_event_ioc_reset_enable(imc, j);
	}

	sleep(1);

	/* Stop counters after a second to get results (both read and write) */
	for (imc = 0; imc < imcs; imc++) {
		for (j = 0; j < 2; j++)
			membw_ioctl_perf_event_ioc_disable(imc, j);
	}

	/*
	 * Get results which are stored in struct type imc_counter_config
	 * Take over flow into consideration before calculating total b/w
	 */
	for (imc = 0; imc < imcs; imc++) {
		struct imc_counter_config *r =
			&imc_counters_config[imc][READ];
		struct imc_counter_config *w =
			&imc_counters_config[imc][WRITE];

		if (read(r->fd, &r->return_value,
			 sizeof(struct membw_read_format)) == -1) {
			perror("Couldn't get read b/w through iMC");

			return -1;
		}

		if (read(w->fd, &w->return_value,
			 sizeof(struct membw_read_format)) == -1) {
			perror("Couldn't get write bw through iMC");

			return -1;
		}

		__u64 r_time_enabled = r->return_value.time_enabled;
		__u64 r_time_running = r->return_value.time_running;

		if (r_time_enabled != r_time_running)
			of_mul_read = (float)r_time_enabled /
					(float)r_time_running;

		__u64 w_time_enabled = w->return_value.time_enabled;
		__u64 w_time_running = w->return_value.time_running;

		if (w_time_enabled != w_time_running)
			of_mul_write = (float)w_time_enabled /
					(float)w_time_running;
		reads += r->return_value.value * of_mul_read * SCALE;
		writes += w->return_value.value * of_mul_write * SCALE;
	}

	for (imc = 0; imc < imcs; imc++) {
		close(imc_counters_config[imc][READ].fd);
		close(imc_counters_config[imc][WRITE].fd);
	}

	if (strcmp(bw_report, "reads") == 0)
		return reads;

	if (strcmp(bw_report, "writes") == 0)
		return writes;

	return (reads + writes);
}

void set_mbm_path(const char *ctrlgrp, const char *mongrp, int resource_id)
{
	if (ctrlgrp && mongrp)
		sprintf(mbm_total_path, CON_MON_MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH,
			RESCTRL_PATH, ctrlgrp, mongrp, resource_id);
	else if (!ctrlgrp && mongrp)
		sprintf(mbm_total_path, MON_MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH, RESCTRL_PATH,
			mongrp, resource_id);
	else if (ctrlgrp && !mongrp)
		sprintf(mbm_total_path, CON_MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH, RESCTRL_PATH,
			ctrlgrp, resource_id);
	else if (!ctrlgrp && !mongrp)
		sprintf(mbm_total_path, MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH, RESCTRL_PATH,
			resource_id);
}

/*
 * initialize_mem_bw_resctrl:	Appropriately populate "mbm_total_path"
 * @ctrlgrp:			Name of the control monitor group (con_mon grp)
 * @mongrp:			Name of the monitor group (mon grp)
 * @cpu_no:			CPU number that the benchmark PID is binded to
 * @resctrl_val:		Resctrl feature (Eg: mbm, mba.. etc)
 */
static void initialize_mem_bw_resctrl(const char *ctrlgrp, const char *mongrp,
				      int cpu_no, char *resctrl_val)
{
	int resource_id;

	if (get_resource_id(cpu_no, &resource_id) < 0) {
		perror("Could not get resource_id");
		return;
	}

	if (!strncmp(resctrl_val, MBM_STR, sizeof(MBM_STR)))
		set_mbm_path(ctrlgrp, mongrp, resource_id);

	if (!strncmp(resctrl_val, MBA_STR, sizeof(MBA_STR))) {
		if (ctrlgrp)
			sprintf(mbm_total_path, CON_MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH,
				RESCTRL_PATH, ctrlgrp, resource_id);
		else
			sprintf(mbm_total_path, MBM_LOCAL_BYTES_PATH,
				RESCTRL_PATH, resource_id);
	}
}

/*
 * Get MBM Local bytes as reported by resctrl FS
 * For MBM,
 * 1. If con_mon grp and mon grp are given, then read from con_mon grp's mon grp
 * 2. If only con_mon grp is given, then read from con_mon grp
 * 3. If both are not given, then read from root con_mon grp
 * For MBA,
 * 1. If con_mon grp is given, then read from it
 * 2. If con_mon grp is not given, then read from root con_mon grp
 */
static unsigned long get_mem_bw_resctrl(void)
{
	unsigned long mbm_total = 0;
	FILE *fp;

	fp = fopen(mbm_total_path, "r");
	if (!fp) {
		perror("Failed to open total bw file");

		return -1;
	}
	if (fscanf(fp, "%lu", &mbm_total) <= 0) {
		perror("Could not get mbm local bytes");
		fclose(fp);

		return -1;
	}
	fclose(fp);

	return mbm_total;
}

pid_t bm_pid, ppid;

void ctrlc_handler(int signum, siginfo_t *info, void *ptr)
{
	kill(bm_pid, SIGKILL);
	umount_resctrlfs();
	tests_cleanup();
	printf("Ending\n\n");

	exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

/*
 * print_results_bw:	the memory bandwidth results are stored in a file
 * @filename:		file that stores the results
 * @bm_pid:		child pid that runs benchmark
 * @bw_imc:		perf imc counter value
 * @bw_resc:		memory bandwidth value
 *
 * Return:		0 on success. non-zero on failure.
 */
static int print_results_bw(char *filename,  int bm_pid, float bw_imc,
			    unsigned long bw_resc)
{
	unsigned long diff = fabs(bw_imc - bw_resc);
	FILE *fp;

	if (strcmp(filename, "stdio") == 0 || strcmp(filename, "stderr") == 0) {
		printf("Pid: %d \t Mem_BW_iMC: %f \t ", bm_pid, bw_imc);
		printf("Mem_BW_resc: %lu \t Difference: %lu\n", bw_resc, diff);
	} else {
		fp = fopen(filename, "a");
		if (!fp) {
			perror("Cannot open results file");

			return errno;
		}
		if (fprintf(fp, "Pid: %d \t Mem_BW_iMC: %f \t Mem_BW_resc: %lu \t Difference: %lu\n",
			    bm_pid, bw_imc, bw_resc, diff) <= 0) {
			fclose(fp);
			perror("Could not log results.");

			return errno;
		}
		fclose(fp);
	}

	return 0;
}

static void set_cmt_path(const char *ctrlgrp, const char *mongrp, char sock_num)
{
	if (strlen(ctrlgrp) && strlen(mongrp))
		sprintf(llc_occup_path,	CON_MON_LCC_OCCUP_PATH,	RESCTRL_PATH,
			ctrlgrp, mongrp, sock_num);
	else if (!strlen(ctrlgrp) && strlen(mongrp))
		sprintf(llc_occup_path,	MON_LCC_OCCUP_PATH, RESCTRL_PATH,
			mongrp, sock_num);
	else if (strlen(ctrlgrp) && !strlen(mongrp))
		sprintf(llc_occup_path,	CON_LCC_OCCUP_PATH, RESCTRL_PATH,
			ctrlgrp, sock_num);
	else if (!strlen(ctrlgrp) && !strlen(mongrp))
		sprintf(llc_occup_path, LCC_OCCUP_PATH,	RESCTRL_PATH, sock_num);
}

/*
 * initialize_llc_occu_resctrl:	Appropriately populate "llc_occup_path"
 * @ctrlgrp:			Name of the control monitor group (con_mon grp)
 * @mongrp:			Name of the monitor group (mon grp)
 * @cpu_no:			CPU number that the benchmark PID is binded to
 * @resctrl_val:		Resctrl feature (Eg: cat, cmt.. etc)
 */
static void initialize_llc_occu_resctrl(const char *ctrlgrp, const char *mongrp,
					int cpu_no, char *resctrl_val)
{
	int resource_id;

	if (get_resource_id(cpu_no, &resource_id) < 0) {
		perror("# Unable to resource_id");
		return;
	}

	if (!strncmp(resctrl_val, CMT_STR, sizeof(CMT_STR)))
		set_cmt_path(ctrlgrp, mongrp, resource_id);
}

static int
measure_vals(struct resctrl_val_param *param, unsigned long *bw_resc_start)
{
	unsigned long bw_imc, bw_resc, bw_resc_end;
	int ret;

	/*
	 * Measure memory bandwidth from resctrl and from
	 * another source which is perf imc value or could
	 * be something else if perf imc event is not available.
	 * Compare the two values to validate resctrl value.
	 * It takes 1sec to measure the data.
	 */
	bw_imc = get_mem_bw_imc(param->cpu_no, param->bw_report);
	if (bw_imc <= 0)
		return bw_imc;

	bw_resc_end = get_mem_bw_resctrl();
	if (bw_resc_end <= 0)
		return bw_resc_end;

	bw_resc = (bw_resc_end - *bw_resc_start) / MB;
	ret = print_results_bw(param->filename, bm_pid, bw_imc, bw_resc);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	*bw_resc_start = bw_resc_end;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * resctrl_val:	execute benchmark and measure memory bandwidth on
 *			the benchmark
 * @benchmark_cmd:	benchmark command and its arguments
 * @param:		parameters passed to resctrl_val()
 *
 * Return:		0 on success. non-zero on failure.
 */
int resctrl_val(char **benchmark_cmd, struct resctrl_val_param *param)
{
	char *resctrl_val = param->resctrl_val;
	unsigned long bw_resc_start = 0;
	struct sigaction sigact;
	int ret = 0, pipefd[2];
	char pipe_message = 0;
	union sigval value;

	if (strcmp(param->filename, "") == 0)
		sprintf(param->filename, "stdio");

	if (!strncmp(resctrl_val, MBA_STR, sizeof(MBA_STR)) ||
	    !strncmp(resctrl_val, MBM_STR, sizeof(MBM_STR))) {
		ret = validate_bw_report_request(param->bw_report);
		if (ret)
			return ret;
	}

	ret = remount_resctrlfs(param->mum_resctrlfs);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/*
	 * If benchmark wasn't successfully started by child, then child should
	 * kill parent, so save parent's pid
	 */
	ppid = getpid();

	if (pipe(pipefd)) {
		perror("# Unable to create pipe");

		return -1;
	}

	/*
	 * Fork to start benchmark, save child's pid so that it can be killed
	 * when needed
	 */
	bm_pid = fork();
	if (bm_pid == -1) {
		perror("# Unable to fork");

		return -1;
	}

	if (bm_pid == 0) {
		/*
		 * Mask all signals except SIGUSR1, parent uses SIGUSR1 to
		 * start benchmark
		 */
		sigfillset(&sigact.sa_mask);
		sigdelset(&sigact.sa_mask, SIGUSR1);

		sigact.sa_sigaction = run_benchmark;
		sigact.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;

		/* Register for "SIGUSR1" signal from parent */
		if (sigaction(SIGUSR1, &sigact, NULL))
			PARENT_EXIT("Can't register child for signal");

		/* Tell parent that child is ready */
		close(pipefd[0]);
		pipe_message = 1;
		if (write(pipefd[1], &pipe_message, sizeof(pipe_message)) <
		    sizeof(pipe_message)) {
			perror("# failed signaling parent process");
			close(pipefd[1]);
			return -1;
		}
		close(pipefd[1]);

		/* Suspend child until delivery of "SIGUSR1" from parent */
		sigsuspend(&sigact.sa_mask);

		PARENT_EXIT("Child is done");
	}

	printf("# benchmark PID: %d\n", bm_pid);

	/*
	 * Register CTRL-C handler for parent, as it has to kill benchmark
	 * before exiting
	 */
	sigact.sa_sigaction = ctrlc_handler;
	sigemptyset(&sigact.sa_mask);
	sigact.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
	if (sigaction(SIGINT, &sigact, NULL) ||
	    sigaction(SIGHUP, &sigact, NULL)) {
		perror("# sigaction");
		ret = errno;
		goto out;
	}

	value.sival_ptr = benchmark_cmd;

	/* Taskset benchmark to specified cpu */
	ret = taskset_benchmark(bm_pid, param->cpu_no);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	/* Write benchmark to specified control&monitoring grp in resctrl FS */
	ret = write_bm_pid_to_resctrl(bm_pid, param->ctrlgrp, param->mongrp,
				      resctrl_val);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	if (!strncmp(resctrl_val, MBM_STR, sizeof(MBM_STR)) ||
	    !strncmp(resctrl_val, MBA_STR, sizeof(MBA_STR))) {
		ret = initialize_mem_bw_imc();
		if (ret)
			goto out;

		initialize_mem_bw_resctrl(param->ctrlgrp, param->mongrp,
					  param->cpu_no, resctrl_val);
	} else if (!strncmp(resctrl_val, CMT_STR, sizeof(CMT_STR)))
		initialize_llc_occu_resctrl(param->ctrlgrp, param->mongrp,
					    param->cpu_no, resctrl_val);

	/* Parent waits for child to be ready. */
	close(pipefd[1]);
	while (pipe_message != 1) {
		if (read(pipefd[0], &pipe_message, sizeof(pipe_message)) <
		    sizeof(pipe_message)) {
			perror("# failed reading message from child process");
			close(pipefd[0]);
			goto out;
		}
	}
	close(pipefd[0]);

	/* Signal child to start benchmark */
	if (sigqueue(bm_pid, SIGUSR1, value) == -1) {
		perror("# sigqueue SIGUSR1 to child");
		ret = errno;
		goto out;
	}

	/* Give benchmark enough time to fully run */
	sleep(1);

	/* Test runs until the callback setup() tells the test to stop. */
	while (1) {
		if (!strncmp(resctrl_val, MBM_STR, sizeof(MBM_STR)) ||
		    !strncmp(resctrl_val, MBA_STR, sizeof(MBA_STR))) {
			ret = param->setup(1, param);
			if (ret) {
				ret = 0;
				break;
			}

			ret = measure_vals(param, &bw_resc_start);
			if (ret)
				break;
		} else if (!strncmp(resctrl_val, CMT_STR, sizeof(CMT_STR))) {
			ret = param->setup(1, param);
			if (ret) {
				ret = 0;
				break;
			}
			sleep(1);
			ret = measure_cache_vals(param, bm_pid);
			if (ret)
				break;
		} else {
			break;
		}
	}

out:
	kill(bm_pid, SIGKILL);
	umount_resctrlfs();

	return ret;
}