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authorErwan Velu <erwan@seanodes.com>2006-09-04 22:34:55 +0200
committerH. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>2006-09-05 13:53:38 -0700
commit1f675cf4298e2cb5dd5bc3be2c3649ac81d4fac6 (patch)
tree81da0ba3df4648fec09696c98096058062607f94 /com32/include
parent329e23c16d0f3ecd4062ec715fbe047bf85f8976 (diff)
downloadsyslinux-3.21-pre1.tar.gz
syslinux-3.21-pre1.tar.xz
syslinux-3.21-pre1.zip
Adding a new com32 module to handle cpu informationsyslinux-3.21-pre1
From : Erwan Velu <erwan.velu@free.fr> This patch a new com32 module to handle cpu information. A new "cpu" structure can be filled by calling "detect_cpu(&cpu)". It provides : - Vendor name as string - Model as string - Vendor as integer - Model as integer - Family as integer - Stepping as Integer - Flags as boolean - SMP as boolean Note that SMP is just a manner to know if the bios annonce an MPTABLE. This code can't detect each processor. I've been adding a demo program called cpuidtest to show how it works. if (cpu.flags.lm == true) printf("This system is x86_64 compatible\n"); This example shows how to test if a system is X86_64 compatible. I hope it's simple enough ;) This code is mainly taken from the Linux Kernel. Greetings for all the guys who wrote it. Testing and feedback are welcome. Signed-off-by:Erwan Velu <erwan.velu@free.fr>
Diffstat (limited to 'com32/include')
-rw-r--r--com32/include/cpufeature.h127
-rw-r--r--com32/include/cpuid.h228
2 files changed, 355 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/com32/include/cpufeature.h b/com32/include/cpufeature.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..5db863ce
--- /dev/null
+++ b/com32/include/cpufeature.h
@@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
+/*
+ * cpufeature.h
+ *
+ * Defines x86 CPU feature bits
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_I386_CPUFEATURE_H
+#define __ASM_I386_CPUFEATURE_H
+
+#define NCAPINTS 7 /* N 32-bit words worth of info */
+
+/* Intel-defined CPU features, CPUID level 0x00000001 (edx), word 0 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_FPU (0*32+ 0) /* Onboard FPU */
+#define X86_FEATURE_VME (0*32+ 1) /* Virtual Mode Extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_DE (0*32+ 2) /* Debugging Extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_PSE (0*32+ 3) /* Page Size Extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_TSC (0*32+ 4) /* Time Stamp Counter */
+#define X86_FEATURE_MSR (0*32+ 5) /* Model-Specific Registers, RDMSR, WRMSR */
+#define X86_FEATURE_PAE (0*32+ 6) /* Physical Address Extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_MCE (0*32+ 7) /* Machine Check Architecture */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CX8 (0*32+ 8) /* CMPXCHG8 instruction */
+#define X86_FEATURE_APIC (0*32+ 9) /* Onboard APIC */
+#define X86_FEATURE_SEP (0*32+11) /* SYSENTER/SYSEXIT */
+#define X86_FEATURE_MTRR (0*32+12) /* Memory Type Range Registers */
+#define X86_FEATURE_PGE (0*32+13) /* Page Global Enable */
+#define X86_FEATURE_MCA (0*32+14) /* Machine Check Architecture */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CMOV (0*32+15) /* CMOV instruction (FCMOVCC and FCOMI too if FPU present) */
+#define X86_FEATURE_PAT (0*32+16) /* Page Attribute Table */
+#define X86_FEATURE_PSE36 (0*32+17) /* 36-bit PSEs */
+#define X86_FEATURE_PN (0*32+18) /* Processor serial number */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CLFLSH (0*32+19) /* Supports the CLFLUSH instruction */
+#define X86_FEATURE_DTES (0*32+21) /* Debug Trace Store */
+#define X86_FEATURE_ACPI (0*32+22) /* ACPI via MSR */
+#define X86_FEATURE_MMX (0*32+23) /* Multimedia Extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_FXSR (0*32+24) /* FXSAVE and FXRSTOR instructions (fast save and restore */
+ /* of FPU context), and CR4.OSFXSR available */
+#define X86_FEATURE_XMM (0*32+25) /* Streaming SIMD Extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_XMM2 (0*32+26) /* Streaming SIMD Extensions-2 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_SELFSNOOP (0*32+27) /* CPU self snoop */
+#define X86_FEATURE_HT (0*32+28) /* Hyper-Threading */
+#define X86_FEATURE_ACC (0*32+29) /* Automatic clock control */
+#define X86_FEATURE_IA64 (0*32+30) /* IA-64 processor */
+
+/* AMD-defined CPU features, CPUID level 0x80000001, word 1 */
+/* Don't duplicate feature flags which are redundant with Intel! */
+#define X86_FEATURE_SYSCALL (1*32+11) /* SYSCALL/SYSRET */
+#define X86_FEATURE_MP (1*32+19) /* MP Capable. */
+#define X86_FEATURE_NX (1*32+20) /* Execute Disable */
+#define X86_FEATURE_MMXEXT (1*32+22) /* AMD MMX extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_LM (1*32+29) /* Long Mode (x86-64) */
+#define X86_FEATURE_3DNOWEXT (1*32+30) /* AMD 3DNow! extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_3DNOW (1*32+31) /* 3DNow! */
+
+/* Transmeta-defined CPU features, CPUID level 0x80860001, word 2 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_RECOVERY (2*32+ 0) /* CPU in recovery mode */
+#define X86_FEATURE_LONGRUN (2*32+ 1) /* Longrun power control */
+#define X86_FEATURE_LRTI (2*32+ 3) /* LongRun table interface */
+
+/* Other features, Linux-defined mapping, word 3 */
+/* This range is used for feature bits which conflict or are synthesized */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CXMMX (3*32+ 0) /* Cyrix MMX extensions */
+#define X86_FEATURE_K6_MTRR (3*32+ 1) /* AMD K6 nonstandard MTRRs */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CYRIX_ARR (3*32+ 2) /* Cyrix ARRs (= MTRRs) */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CENTAUR_MCR (3*32+ 3) /* Centaur MCRs (= MTRRs) */
+/* cpu types for specific tunings: */
+#define X86_FEATURE_K8 (3*32+ 4) /* Opteron, Athlon64 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_K7 (3*32+ 5) /* Athlon */
+#define X86_FEATURE_P3 (3*32+ 6) /* P3 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_P4 (3*32+ 7) /* P4 */
+
+/* Intel-defined CPU features, CPUID level 0x00000001 (ecx), word 4 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_XMM3 (4*32+ 0) /* Streaming SIMD Extensions-3 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_MWAIT (4*32+ 3) /* Monitor/Mwait support */
+#define X86_FEATURE_DSCPL (4*32+ 4) /* CPL Qualified Debug Store */
+#define X86_FEATURE_EST (4*32+ 7) /* Enhanced SpeedStep */
+#define X86_FEATURE_TM2 (4*32+ 8) /* Thermal Monitor 2 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CID (4*32+10) /* Context ID */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CX16 (4*32+13) /* CMPXCHG16B */
+#define X86_FEATURE_XTPR (4*32+14) /* Send Task Priority Messages */
+
+/* VIA/Cyrix/Centaur-defined CPU features, CPUID level 0xC0000001, word 5 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_XSTORE (5*32+ 2) /* on-CPU RNG present (xstore insn) */
+#define X86_FEATURE_XSTORE_EN (5*32+ 3) /* on-CPU RNG enabled */
+#define X86_FEATURE_XCRYPT (5*32+ 6) /* on-CPU crypto (xcrypt insn) */
+#define X86_FEATURE_XCRYPT_EN (5*32+ 7) /* on-CPU crypto enabled */
+
+/* More extended AMD flags: CPUID level 0x80000001, ecx, word 6 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_LAHF_LM (6*32+ 0) /* LAHF/SAHF in long mode */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CMP_LEGACY (6*32+ 1) /* If yes HyperThreading not valid */
+
+#define cpu_has(c, bit) test_bit(bit, (c)->x86_capability)
+#define boot_cpu_has(bit) test_bit(bit, boot_cpu_data.x86_capability)
+
+#define cpu_has_fpu boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)
+#define cpu_has_vme boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_VME)
+#define cpu_has_de boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_DE)
+#define cpu_has_pse boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE)
+#define cpu_has_tsc boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_TSC)
+#define cpu_has_pae boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PAE)
+#define cpu_has_pge boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PGE)
+#define cpu_has_apic boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_APIC)
+#define cpu_has_sep boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SEP)
+#define cpu_has_mtrr boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_MTRR)
+#define cpu_has_mmx boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_MMX)
+#define cpu_has_fxsr boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)
+#define cpu_has_xmm boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM)
+#define cpu_has_xmm2 boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM2)
+#define cpu_has_xmm3 boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM3)
+#define cpu_has_ht boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HT)
+#define cpu_has_mp boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_MP)
+#define cpu_has_nx boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_NX)
+#define cpu_has_k6_mtrr boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_K6_MTRR)
+#define cpu_has_cyrix_arr boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CYRIX_ARR)
+#define cpu_has_centaur_mcr boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CENTAUR_MCR)
+#define cpu_has_xstore boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSTORE)
+#define cpu_has_xstore_enabled boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSTORE_EN)
+#define cpu_has_xcrypt boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XCRYPT)
+#define cpu_has_xcrypt_enabled boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XCRYPT_EN)
+
+#endif /* __ASM_I386_CPUFEATURE_H */
+
+/*
+ * Local Variables:
+ * mode:c
+ * comment-column:42
+ * End:
+ */
diff --git a/com32/include/cpuid.h b/com32/include/cpuid.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..a1df807d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/com32/include/cpuid.h
@@ -0,0 +1,228 @@
+/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- *
+ *
+ * Copyright 2006 Erwan Velu - All Rights Reserved
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 53 Temple Place Ste 330,
+ * Boston MA 02111-1307, USA; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version; incorporated herein by reference.
+ *
+ * ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */
+
+#ifndef CPUID_H
+#define CPUID_H
+
+#include "stdbool.h"
+#include "cpufeature.h"
+#define u32 unsigned int
+#define __u32 u32
+#define __u16 unsigned short
+#define __u8 unsigned char
+#define PAGE_SIZE 4096
+
+#define CPU_MODEL_SIZE 48
+#define CPU_VENDOR_SIZE 48
+
+typedef struct {
+ __u32 l;
+ __u32 h;
+} __u64;
+
+typedef struct {
+ bool fpu; /* Onboard FPU */
+ bool vme; /* Virtual Mode Extensions */
+ bool de; /* Debugging Extensions */
+ bool pse; /* Page Size Extensions */
+ bool tsc; /* Time Stamp Counter */
+ bool msr; /* Model-Specific Registers, RDMSR, WRMSR */
+ bool pae; /* Physical Address Extensions */
+ bool mce; /* Machine Check Architecture */
+ bool cx8; /* CMPXCHG8 instruction */
+ bool apic;/* Onboard APIC */
+ bool sep; /* SYSENTER/SYSEXIT */
+ bool mtrr;/* Memory Type Range Registers */
+ bool pge; /* Page Global Enable */
+ bool mca; /* Machine Check Architecture */
+ bool cmov;/* CMOV instruction (FCMOVCC and FCOMI too if FPU present) */
+ bool pat; /* Page Attribute Table */
+ bool pse_36; /* 36-bit PSEs */
+ bool psn; /* Processor serial number */
+ bool clflsh; /* Supports the CLFLUSH instruction */
+ bool dts; /* Debug Trace Store */
+ bool acpi;/* ACPI via MSR */
+ bool mmx; /* Multimedia Extensions */
+ bool fxsr;/* FXSAVE and FXRSTOR instructions (fast save and restore */
+ /* of FPU context), and CR4.OSFXSR available */
+ bool sse; /* Streaming SIMD Extensions */
+ bool sse2;/* Streaming SIMD Extensions 2*/
+ bool ss; /* CPU self snoop */
+ bool htt; /* Hyper-Threading */
+ bool acc; /* Automatic clock control */
+ bool syscall; /* SYSCALL/SYSRET */
+ bool mp; /* MP Capable. */
+ bool nx; /* Execute Disable */
+ bool mmxext; /* AMD MMX extensions */
+ bool lm; /* Long Mode (x86-64) */
+ bool nowext;/* AMD 3DNow! extensions */
+ bool now; /* 3DNow! */
+ bool smp; /* A smp configuration has been found*/
+} __attribute__((__packed__)) s_cpu_flags;
+
+typedef struct {
+char vendor[CPU_VENDOR_SIZE];
+__u8 vendor_id;
+__u8 family;
+char model[CPU_MODEL_SIZE];
+__u8 model_id;
+__u8 stepping;
+s_cpu_flags flags;
+} s_cpu;
+
+/**********************************************************************************/
+/**********************************************************************************/
+/* From this point this is some internal stuff mainly taken from the linux kernel */
+/**********************************************************************************/
+/**********************************************************************************/
+
+/*
+ * EFLAGS bits
+ */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_CF 0x00000001 /* Carry Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_PF 0x00000004 /* Parity Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_AF 0x00000010 /* Auxillary carry Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_ZF 0x00000040 /* Zero Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_SF 0x00000080 /* Sign Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_TF 0x00000100 /* Trap Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_IF 0x00000200 /* Interrupt Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_DF 0x00000400 /* Direction Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_OF 0x00000800 /* Overflow Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_IOPL 0x00003000 /* IOPL mask */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_NT 0x00004000 /* Nested Task */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_RF 0x00010000 /* Resume Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_VM 0x00020000 /* Virtual Mode */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_AC 0x00040000 /* Alignment Check */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_VIF 0x00080000 /* Virtual Interrupt Flag */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_VIP 0x00100000 /* Virtual Interrupt Pending */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_ID 0x00200000 /* CPUID detection flag */
+
+#define X86_VENDOR_INTEL 0
+#define X86_VENDOR_CYRIX 1
+#define X86_VENDOR_AMD 2
+#define X86_VENDOR_UMC 3
+#define X86_VENDOR_NEXGEN 4
+#define X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR 5
+#define X86_VENDOR_RISE 6
+#define X86_VENDOR_TRANSMETA 7
+#define X86_VENDOR_NSC 8
+#define X86_VENDOR_NUM 9
+#define X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN 0xff
+
+static inline int test_bit(int nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ return ((1UL << (nr & 31)) & (addr[nr >> 5])) != 0;
+}
+
+#define cpu_has(c, bit) test_bit(bit, (c)->x86_capability)
+
+/*
+ * CPU type and hardware bug flags. Kept separately for each CPU.
+ * Members of this structure are referenced in head.S, so think twice
+ * before touching them. [mj]
+ */
+
+struct cpuinfo_x86 {
+ __u8 x86; /* CPU family */
+ __u8 x86_vendor; /* CPU vendor */
+ __u8 x86_model;
+ __u8 x86_mask;
+ char wp_works_ok; /* It doesn't on 386's */
+ char hlt_works_ok; /* Problems on some 486Dx4's and old 386's */
+ char hard_math;
+ char rfu;
+ int cpuid_level; /* Maximum supported CPUID level, -1=no CPUID */
+ unsigned long x86_capability[NCAPINTS];
+ char x86_vendor_id[16];
+ char x86_model_id[64];
+ int x86_cache_size; /* in KB - valid for CPUS which support this
+ call */
+ int x86_cache_alignment; /* In bytes */
+ char fdiv_bug;
+ char f00f_bug;
+ char coma_bug;
+ char pad0;
+ int x86_power;
+ unsigned long loops_per_jiffy;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ cpumask_t llc_shared_map; /* cpus sharing the last level cache */
+#endif
+ unsigned char x86_max_cores; /* cpuid returned max cores value */
+ unsigned char booted_cores; /* number of cores as seen by OS */
+ unsigned char apicid;
+} __attribute__((__packed__));
+#endif
+
+struct cpu_model_info {
+ int vendor;
+ int family;
+ char *model_names[16];
+};
+
+/* attempt to consolidate cpu attributes */
+struct cpu_dev {
+ char * c_vendor;
+
+ /* some have two possibilities for cpuid string */
+ char * c_ident[2];
+
+ struct cpu_model_info c_models[4];
+
+ void (*c_init)(struct cpuinfo_x86 * c);
+ void (*c_identify)(struct cpuinfo_x86 * c);
+ unsigned int (*c_size_cache)(struct cpuinfo_x86 * c, unsigned int size);
+};
+
+/*
+ * Generic CPUID function
+ * clear %ecx since some cpus (Cyrix MII) do not set or clear %ecx
+ * resulting in stale register contents being returned.
+ */
+static inline void cpuid(unsigned int op, unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx)
+{
+ __asm__("cpuid"
+ : "=a" (*eax),
+ "=b" (*ebx),
+ "=c" (*ecx),
+ "=d" (*edx)
+ : "0" (op), "c"(0));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Structure definitions for SMP machines following the
+ * Intel Multiprocessing Specification 1.1 and 1.4.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * This tag identifies where the SMP configuration
+ * information is.
+ */
+
+#define SMP_MAGIC_IDENT (('_'<<24)|('P'<<16)|('M'<<8)|'_')
+
+struct intel_mp_floating
+{
+ char mpf_signature[4]; /* "_MP_" */
+ unsigned long mpf_physptr; /* Configuration table address */
+ unsigned char mpf_length; /* Our length (paragraphs) */
+ unsigned char mpf_specification;/* Specification version */
+ unsigned char mpf_checksum; /* Checksum (makes sum 0) */
+ unsigned char mpf_feature1; /* Standard or configuration ? */
+ unsigned char mpf_feature2; /* Bit7 set for IMCR|PIC */
+ unsigned char mpf_feature3; /* Unused (0) */
+ unsigned char mpf_feature4; /* Unused (0) */
+ unsigned char mpf_feature5; /* Unused (0) */
+};
+
+
+extern void get_cpu_vendor(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c);
+extern void detect_cpu(s_cpu *cpu);