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-rw-r--r--com32/lib/libpng/libpng.34636
1 files changed, 3100 insertions, 1536 deletions
diff --git a/com32/lib/libpng/libpng.3 b/com32/lib/libpng/libpng.3
index 93139a7f..9757debc 100644
--- a/com32/lib/libpng/libpng.3
+++ b/com32/lib/libpng/libpng.3
@@ -1,814 +1,511 @@
-.TH LIBPNG 3 "June 26, 2010"
+.TH LIBPNG 3 "December 1, 2018"
.SH NAME
-libpng \- Portable Network Graphics (PNG) Reference Library 1.2.44
-.SH SYNOPSIS
-\fI\fB
+libpng \- Portable Network Graphics (PNG) Reference Library 1.6.36
+.SH SYNOPSIS
\fB#include <png.h>\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_access_version_number (void);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_access_version_number \fI(void\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_benign_error (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fIerror\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_build_grayscale_palette (int \fP\fIbit_depth\fP\fB, png_colorp \fIpalette\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBint png_check_sig (png_bytep \fP\fIsig\fP\fB, int \fInum\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_voidp png_calloc (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_alloc_size_t \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_chunk_benign_error (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fIerror\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_chunk_error (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fIerror\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_chunk_warning (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fImessage\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_convert_from_struct_tm (png_timep \fP\fIptime\fP\fB, struct tm FAR * \fIttime\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_convert_from_time_t (png_timep \fP\fIptime\fP\fB, time_t \fIttime\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBpng_charp png_convert_to_rfc1123 (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_timep \fIptime\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBpng_infop png_create_info_struct (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBpng_structp png_create_read_struct (png_const_charp \fP\fIuser_png_ver\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIerror_ptr\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIerror_fn\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fIwarn_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_structp png_create_read_struct_2(png_const_charp \fP\fIuser_png_ver\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIerror_ptr\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIerror_fn\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIwarn_fn\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fImem_ptr\fP\fB, png_malloc_ptr \fP\fImalloc_fn\fP\fB, png_free_ptr \fIfree_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_structp png_create_read_struct_2 (png_const_charp \fP\fIuser_png_ver\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIerror_ptr\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIerror_fn\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIwarn_fn\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fImem_ptr\fP\fB, png_malloc_ptr \fP\fImalloc_fn\fP\fB, png_free_ptr \fIfree_fn\fP\fB);\fP
\fBpng_structp png_create_write_struct (png_const_charp \fP\fIuser_png_ver\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIerror_ptr\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIerror_fn\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fIwarn_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_structp png_create_write_struct_2(png_const_charp \fP\fIuser_png_ver\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIerror_ptr\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIerror_fn\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIwarn_fn\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fImem_ptr\fP\fB, png_malloc_ptr \fP\fImalloc_fn\fP\fB, png_free_ptr \fIfree_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_structp png_create_write_struct_2 (png_const_charp \fP\fIuser_png_ver\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIerror_ptr\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIerror_fn\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIwarn_fn\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fImem_ptr\fP\fB, png_malloc_ptr \fP\fImalloc_fn\fP\fB, png_free_ptr \fIfree_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBint png_debug(int \fP\fIlevel\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fImessage\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBint png_debug1(int \fP\fIlevel\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fP\fImessage\fP\fB, \fIp1\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBint png_debug2(int \fP\fIlevel\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fP\fImessage\fP\fB, \fP\fIp1\fP\fB, \fIp2\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_data_freer (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIfreer\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fImask\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_destroy_info_struct (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infopp \fIinfo_ptr_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_destroy_read_struct (png_structpp \fP\fIpng_ptr_ptr\fP\fB, png_infopp \fP\fIinfo_ptr_ptr\fP\fB, png_infopp \fIend_info_ptr_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_destroy_write_struct (png_structpp \fP\fIpng_ptr_ptr\fP\fB, png_infopp \fIinfo_ptr_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_err (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_error (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fIerror\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_free (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fIptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_free_chunk_list (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_free_default(png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fIptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_free_default (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fIptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_free_data (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fInum\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_byte png_get_bit_depth (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_byte png_get_bit_depth (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_bKGD (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fI*background\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_bKGD (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fI*background\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_byte png_get_channels (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_cHRM (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*white_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*white_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*red_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*red_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*green_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*green_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*blue_x\fP\fB, double \fI*blue_y\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_byte png_get_channels (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_cHRM_fixed (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*white_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*white_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*red_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*red_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*green_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*green_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*blue_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fI*blue_y\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_cHRM_XYZ (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*red_X\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*red_Y\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*red_Z\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*green_X\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*green_Y\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*green_Z\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*blue_X\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*blue_Y\fP\fB, double \fI*blue_Z\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_cHRM (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*white_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*white_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*red_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*red_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*green_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*green_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fI*blue_x\fP\fB, double \fI*blue_y\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_cHRM_XYZ_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fI*int_red_X\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fI*int_red_Y\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fI*int_red_Z\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fI*int_green_X\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fI*int_green_Y\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fI*int_green_Z\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fI*int_blue_X\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fI*int_blue_Y\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fI*int_blue_Z\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_chunk_cache_max (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_cHRM_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*white_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*white_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*red_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*red_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*green_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*green_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*blue_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fI*blue_y\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_alloc_size_t png_get_chunk_malloc_max (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_byte png_get_color_type (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_byte png_get_color_type (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_compression_buffer_size (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_byte png_get_compression_type (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_byte png_get_compression_type (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_byte png_get_copyright (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_current_row_number \fI(png_const_structp\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_byte png_get_copyright (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_byte png_get_current_pass_number \fI(png_const_structp\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_voidp png_get_error_ptr (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_voidp png_get_error_ptr (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_byte png_get_filter_type (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_gAMA (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, double \fI*file_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_byte png_get_filter_type (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_gAMA_fixed (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fI*int_file_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_byte png_get_header_ver (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_gAMA (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, double \fI*file_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_byte png_get_header_version (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_eXIf (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fI*exif\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_gAMA_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fI*int_file_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_eXIf_1 (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_unit_32 \fP\fI*num_exif\fP\fB, png_bytep \fI*exif\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_hIST (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_16p \fI*hist\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_byte png_get_header_ver (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_byte png_get_header_version (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_hIST (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_16p \fI*hist\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_iCCP (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_charpp \fP\fIname\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*compression_type\fP\fB, png_charpp \fP\fIprofile\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fI*proflen\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_iCCP (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_charpp \fP\fIname\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*compression_type\fP\fB, png_bytepp \fP\fIprofile\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fI*proflen\fP\fB);\fP
\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_IHDR (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*width\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*height\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*bit_depth\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*color_type\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*interlace_type\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*compression_type\fP\fB, int \fI*filter_type\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_image_height (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_image_height (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_image_width (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fB#if \fI!defined(PNG_1_0_X)
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_image_width (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBpng_int_32 png_get_int_32 (png_bytep \fIbuf\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB#endif
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_byte png_get_interlace_type (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_byte png_get_interlace_type (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_io_chunk_type (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBpng_voidp png_get_io_ptr (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_byte png_get_libpng_ver (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_voidp png_get_mem_ptr(png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_oFFs (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*offset_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*offset_y\fP\fB, int \fI*unit_type\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_pCAL (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fI*purpose\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fI*X0\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fI*X1\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*type\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*nparams\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fI*units\fP\fB, png_charpp \fI*params\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_pHYs (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*res_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*res_y\fP\fB, int \fI*unit_type\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBfloat png_get_pixel_aspect_ratio (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_io_state (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_byte png_get_libpng_ver (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_pixels_per_meter (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBint png_get_palette_max(png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_voidp png_get_mem_ptr (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_voidp png_get_progressive_ptr (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_oFFs (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*offset_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*offset_y\fP\fB, int \fI*unit_type\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_pCAL (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fI*purpose\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fI*X0\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fI*X1\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*type\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*nparams\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fI*units\fP\fB, png_charpp \fI*params\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_PLTE (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_colorp \fP\fI*palette\fP\fB, int \fI*num_palette\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_pHYs (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*res_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*res_y\fP\fB, int \fI*unit_type\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBfloat png_get_pixel_aspect_ratio (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_byte png_get_rgb_to_gray_status (png_structp \fIpng_ptr)
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_pHYs_dpi (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*res_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fI*res_y\fP\fB, int \fI*unit_type\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_rowbytes (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_fixed_point png_get_pixel_aspect_ratio_fixed (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_pixels_per_inch (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_bytepp png_get_rows (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_pixels_per_meter (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_voidp png_get_progressive_ptr (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_sBIT (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_8p \fI*sig_bit\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_PLTE (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_colorp \fP\fI*palette\fP\fB, int \fI*num_palette\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_byte png_get_rgb_to_gray_status (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_bytep png_get_signature (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_rowbytes (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_bytepp png_get_rows (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_sPLT (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_spalette_p \fI*splt_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_sBIT (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_8p \fI*sig_bit\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_get_sCAL (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int* \fP\fIunit\fP\fB, double* \fP\fIwidth\fP\fB, double* \fIheight\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_sRGB (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fI*intent\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_get_sCAL_fixed (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int* \fP\fIunit\fP\fB, png_fixed_pointp \fP\fIwidth\fP\fB, png_fixed_pointp \fIheight\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_get_sCAL_s (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int* \fP\fIunit\fP\fB, png_charpp \fP\fIwidth\fP\fB, png_charpp \fIheight\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_text (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_textp \fP\fI*text_ptr\fP\fB, int \fI*num_text\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_bytep png_get_signature (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_sPLT (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_spalette_p \fI*splt_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_tIME (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_timep \fI*mod_time\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_sRGB (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fI*file_srgb_intent\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_text (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_textp \fP\fI*text_ptr\fP\fB, int \fI*num_text\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_tRNS (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fI*trans\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*num_trans\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fI*trans_values\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_tIME (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_timep \fI*mod_time\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_tRNS (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fI*trans_alpha\fP\fB, int \fP\fI*num_trans\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fI*trans_color\fP\fB);\fP
-\fB#if \fI!defined(PNG_1_0_X)
+\fB/* This function is really an inline macro. \fI*/
\fBpng_uint_16 png_get_uint_16 (png_bytep \fIbuf\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_uint_31 (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fIbuf\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_uint_31 (png_bytep \fIbuf\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fB/* This function is really an inline macro. \fI*/
\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_uint_32 (png_bytep \fIbuf\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB#endif
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_unknown_chunks (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_unknown_chunkpp \fIunknowns\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_voidp png_get_user_chunk_ptr (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_unknown_chunks (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_unknown_chunkpp \fIunknowns\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_user_height_max( png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_voidp png_get_user_chunk_ptr (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_user_height_max (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_voidp png_get_user_transform_ptr (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_voidp png_get_user_transform_ptr (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_user_width_max (png_const_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_user_width_max (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_valid (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIflag\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBfloat png_get_x_offset_inches (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_valid (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIflag\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_fixed_point png_get_x_offset_inches_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_int_32 png_get_x_offset_microns (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_int_32 png_get_x_offset_microns (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_int_32 png_get_x_offset_pixels (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_x_pixels_per_inch (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_int_32 png_get_x_offset_pixels (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_x_pixels_per_meter (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBfloat png_get_y_offset_inches (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_x_pixels_per_meter (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_fixed_point png_get_y_offset_inches_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_int_32 png_get_y_offset_microns (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_int_32 png_get_y_offset_microns (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_int_32 png_get_y_offset_pixels (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_y_pixels_per_inch (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_int_32 png_get_y_offset_pixels (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_y_pixels_per_meter (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_compression_buffer_size (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_get_y_pixels_per_meter (png_const_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBint png_handle_as_unknown (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fIchunk_name\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_init_io (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, FILE \fI*fp\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBDEPRECATED: void png_info_init (png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBint png_image_begin_read_from_file (png_imagep \fP\fIimage\fP\fB, const char \fI*file_name\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBint png_image_begin_read_from_stdio (png_imagep \fP\fIimage\fP\fB, FILE* \fIfile\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBDEPRECATED: void png_info_init_2 (png_infopp \fP\fIptr_ptr\fP\fB, png_size_t \fIpng_info_struct_size\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBint, png_image_begin_read_from_memory (png_imagep \fP\fIimage\fP\fB, png_const_voidp \fP\fImemory\fP\fB, size_t \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBint png_image_finish_read (png_imagep \fP\fIimage\fP\fB, png_colorp \fP\fIbackground\fP\fB, void \fP\fI*buffer\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fIrow_stride\fP\fB, void \fI*colormap\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_voidp png_malloc (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_image_free (png_imagep \fIimage\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBint png_image_write_to_file (png_imagep \fP\fIimage\fP\fB, const char \fP\fI*file\fP\fB, int \fP\fIconvert_to_8bit\fP\fB, const void \fP\fI*buffer\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fIrow_stride\fP\fB, void \fI*colormap\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_voidp png_malloc_default(png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBint png_image_write_to_memory (png_imagep \fP\fIimage\fP\fB, void \fP\fI*memory\fP\fB, png_alloc_size_t * PNG_RESTRICT \fP\fImemory_bytes\fP\fB, int \fP\fIconvert_to_8_bit\fP\fB, const void \fP\fI*buffer\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fIrow_stride\fP\fB, const void \fI*colormap\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBint png_image_write_to_stdio (png_imagep \fP\fIimage\fP\fB, FILE \fP\fI*file\fP\fB, int \fP\fIconvert_to_8_bit\fP\fB, const void \fP\fI*buffer\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fIrow_stride\fP\fB, void \fI*colormap\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoidp png_memcpy (png_voidp \fP\fIs1\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIs2\fP\fB, png_size_t \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_info_init_3 (png_infopp \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, size_t \fIpng_info_struct_size\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBpng_voidp png_memcpy_check (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIs1\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIs2\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_init_io (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, FILE \fI*fp\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoidp png_memset (png_voidp \fP\fIs1\fP\fB, int \fP\fIvalue\fP\fB, png_size_t \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_longjmp (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIval\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_voidp png_malloc (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_alloc_size_t \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_voidp png_memset_check (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIs1\fP\fB, int \fP\fIvalue\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_voidp png_malloc_default (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_alloc_size_t \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_voidp png_malloc_warn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_alloc_size_t \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBDEPRECATED: void png_permit_empty_plte (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIempty_plte_permitted\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_permit_mng_features (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fImng_features_permitted\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_process_data (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIbuffer\fP\fB, size_t \fIbuffer_size\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_process_data (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIbuffer\fP\fB, png_size_t \fIbuffer_size\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBsize_t png_process_data_pause (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIsave\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_process_data_skip (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_progressive_combine_row (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIold_row\fP\fB, png_bytep \fInew_row\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_read_destroy (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIend_info_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_read_end (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_read_image (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytepp \fIimage\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBDEPRECATED: void png_read_init (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBDEPRECATED: void png_read_init_2 (png_structpp \fP\fIptr_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fP\fIuser_png_ver\fP\fB, png_size_t \fP\fIpng_struct_size\fP\fB, png_size_t \fIpng_info_size\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_read_info (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_read_png (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fItransforms\fP\fB, png_voidp \fIparams\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_read_row (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIrow\fP\fB, png_bytep \fIdisplay_row\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_read_rows (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytepp \fP\fIrow\fP\fB, png_bytepp \fP\fIdisplay_row\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fInum_rows\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_read_update_info (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fB#if \fI!defined(PNG_1_0_X)
-
-\fBpng_save_int_32 (png_bytep \fP\fIbuf\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fIi\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBint png_reset_zstream (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_save_int_32 (png_bytep \fP\fIbuf\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fIi\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_save_uint_16 (png_bytep \fP\fIbuf\fP\fB, unsigned int \fIi\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_save_uint_32 (png_bytep \fP\fIbuf\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIi\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_add_alpha (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIfiller\fP\fB, int \fIflags\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB#endif
+\fBvoid png_set_alpha_mode (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fImode\fP\fB, double \fIoutput_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_alpha_mode_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fImode\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fIoutput_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_background (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fP\fIbackground_color\fP\fB, int \fP\fIbackground_gamma_code\fP\fB, int \fP\fIneed_expand\fP\fB, double \fIbackground_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_background_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fP\fIbackground_color\fP\fB, int \fP\fIbackground_gamma_code\fP\fB, int \fP\fIneed_expand\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIbackground_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_bgr (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_benign_errors (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIallowed\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_bgr (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_bKGD (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fIbackground\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_check_for_invalid_index (png_structrp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIallowed\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_cHRM (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, double \fP\fIwhite_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fIwhite_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fIred_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fIred_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fIgreen_x\fP\fB, double \fP\fIgreen_y\fP\fB, double \fP\fIblue_x\fP\fB, double \fIblue_y\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_cHRM_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIwhite_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIwhite_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIred_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIred_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIgreen_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIgreen_y\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIblue_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIblue_y\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_cHRM_XYZ (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, double \fP\fIred_X\fP\fB, double \fP\fIred_Y\fP\fB, double \fP\fIred_Z\fP\fB, double \fP\fIgreen_X\fP\fB, double \fP\fIgreen_Y\fP\fB, double \fP\fIgreen_Z\fP\fB, double \fP\fIblue_X\fP\fB, double \fP\fIblue_Y\fP\fB, double \fIblue_Z\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_compression_level (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIlevel\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_cHRM_XYZ_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIint_red_X\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIint_red_Y\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIint_red_Z\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIint_green_X\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIint_green_Y\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIint_green_Z\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIint_blue_X\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIint_blue_Y\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fIint_blue_Z\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_chunk_cache_max (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIuser_chunk_cache_max\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_compression_mem_level (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fImem_level\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_compression_level (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIlevel\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_compression_mem_level (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fImem_level\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_compression_method (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fImethod\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_compression_strategy (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIstrategy\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_compression_window_bits (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIwindow_bits\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_crc_action (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIcrit_action\fP\fB, int \fIancil_action\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_dither (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_colorp \fP\fIpalette\fP\fB, int \fP\fInum_palette\fP\fB, int \fP\fImaximum_colors\fP\fB, png_uint_16p \fP\fIhistogram\fP\fB, int \fIfull_dither\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_error_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIerror_ptr\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fP\fIerror_fn\fP\fB, png_error_ptr \fIwarning_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_expand (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8(png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_expand_16 (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8 (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_filler (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIfiller\fP\fB, int \fIflags\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_filter (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fImethod\fP\fB, int \fIfilters\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_filter_heuristics (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIheuristic_method\fP\fB, int \fP\fInum_weights\fP\fB, png_doublep \fP\fIfilter_weights\fP\fB, png_doublep \fIfilter_costs\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_filter_heuristics_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIheuristic_method\fP\fB, int \fP\fInum_weights\fP\fB, png_fixed_point_p \fP\fIfilter_weights\fP\fB, png_fixed_point_p \fIfilter_costs\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_flush (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fInrows\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_gamma (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, double \fP\fIscreen_gamma\fP\fB, double \fIdefault_file_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_gamma_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIscreen_gamma\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIdefault_file_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_gAMA (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, double \fIfile_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_gAMA_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIfile_gamma\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_gray_1_2_4_to_8(png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_gray_1_2_4_to_8 (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_gray_to_rgb (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_eXIf (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fIexif\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_hIST (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_16p \fIhist\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_eXIf_1 (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fInum_exif\fP\fB, png_bytep \fIexif\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_iCCP (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fIname\fP\fB, int \fP\fIcompression_type\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fIprofile\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIproflen\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_hIST (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_16p \fIhist\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_iCCP (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fP\fIname\fP\fB, int \fP\fIcompression_type\fP\fB, png_const_bytep \fP\fIprofile\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIproflen\fP\fB);\fP
\fBint png_set_interlace_handling (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_invalid (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fImask\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_invert_alpha (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_invert_mono (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_IHDR (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIwidth\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIheight\fP\fB, int \fP\fIbit_depth\fP\fB, int \fP\fIcolor_type\fP\fB, int \fP\fIinterlace_type\fP\fB, int \fP\fIcompression_type\fP\fB, int \fIfilter_type\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_keep_unknown_chunks (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIkeep\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIchunk_list\fP\fB, int \fInum_chunks\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBjmp_buf* png_set_longjmp_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_longjmp_ptr \fP\fIlongjmp_fn\fP\fB, size_t \fIjmp_buf_size\fP\fB);\fP
+
+\fBvoid png_set_chunk_malloc_max (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_alloc_size_t \fIuser_chunk_cache_max\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_mem_fn(png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fImem_ptr\fP\fB, png_malloc_ptr \fP\fImalloc_fn\fP\fB, png_free_ptr \fIfree_fn\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_compression_buffer_size (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_mem_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fImem_ptr\fP\fB, png_malloc_ptr \fP\fImalloc_fn\fP\fB, png_free_ptr \fIfree_fn\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_oFFs (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIoffset_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIoffset_y\fP\fB, int \fIunit_type\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBint png_set_option(png_structrp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIoption\fP\fB, int \fIonoff\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_packing (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_packswap (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_palette_to_rgb(png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_palette_to_rgb (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_pCAL (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fIpurpose\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fIX0\fP\fB, png_int_32 \fP\fIX1\fP\fB, int \fP\fItype\fP\fB, int \fP\fInparams\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fIunits\fP\fB, png_charpp \fIparams\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_pHYs (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIres_x\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIres_y\fP\fB, int \fIunit_type\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_progressive_read_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIprogressive_ptr\fP\fB, png_progressive_info_ptr \fP\fIinfo_fn\fP\fB, png_progressive_row_ptr \fP\fIrow_fn\fP\fB, png_progressive_end_ptr \fIend_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_PLTE (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_colorp \fP\fIpalette\fP\fB, int \fInum_palette\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_quantize (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_colorp \fP\fIpalette\fP\fB, int \fP\fInum_palette\fP\fB, int \fP\fImaximum_colors\fP\fB, png_uint_16p \fP\fIhistogram\fP\fB, int \fIfull_quantize\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_read_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIio_ptr\fP\fB, png_rw_ptr \fIread_data_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_read_status_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_read_status_ptr \fIread_row_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_read_user_chunk_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIuser_chunk_ptr\fP\fB, png_user_chunk_ptr \fIread_user_chunk_fn\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_read_user_transform_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_user_transform_ptr \fIread_user_transform_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_rgb_to_gray (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIerror_action\fP\fB, double \fP\fIred\fP\fB, double \fIgreen\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_rgb_to_gray_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int error_action png_fixed_point \fP\fIred\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fIgreen\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_rgb_to_gray_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int error_action png_uint_32 \fP\fIred\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIgreen\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_rows (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytepp \fIrow_pointers\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_sBIT (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_8p \fIsig_bit\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_sCAL (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIunit\fP\fB, double \fP\fIwidth\fP\fB, double \fIheight\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_sCAL (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fIunit\fP\fB, double \fP\fIwidth\fP\fB, double \fIheight\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_sCAL_fixed (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIunit\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fP\fIwidth\fP\fB, png_fixed_point \fIheight\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_sCAL_s (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIunit\fP\fB, png_charp \fP\fIwidth\fP\fB, png_charp \fIheight\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_shift (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_8p \fItrue_bits\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_scale_16 (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_shift (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_color_8p \fItrue_bits\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_sig_bytes (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fInum_bytes\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_sPLT (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_spalette_p \fP\fIsplt_ptr\fP\fB, int \fInum_spalettes\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_sRGB (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIintent\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_sRGB_gAMA_and_cHRM (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIintent\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_sRGB (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIsrgb_intent\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_sRGB_gAMA_and_cHRM (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIsrgb_intent\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_strip_16 (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_strip_alpha (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_strip_error_numbers (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIstrip_mode\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_swap (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_swap_alpha (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_text (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_textp \fP\fItext_ptr\fP\fB, int \fInum_text\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_tIME (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_timep \fImod_time\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_text_compression_level (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIlevel\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_tRNS (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fItrans\fP\fB, int \fP\fInum_trans\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fItrans_values\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_text_compression_mem_level (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fImem_level\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_text_compression_strategy (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIstrategy\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_tRNS_to_alpha(png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_text_compression_window_bits (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fIwindow_bits\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_text_compression_method (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, int \fImethod\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBpng_uint_32 png_set_unknown_chunks (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_unknown_chunkp \fP\fIunknowns\fP\fB, int \fP\fInum\fP\fB, int \fIlocation\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_tIME (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_timep \fImod_time\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_unknown_chunk_location(png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIchunk\fP\fB, int \fIlocation\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_set_tRNS (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fItrans_alpha\fP\fB, int \fP\fInum_trans\fP\fB, png_color_16p \fItrans_color\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_tRNS_to_alpha (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fBvoid png_set_read_user_chunk_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIuser_chunk_ptr\fP\fB, png_user_chunk_ptr \fIread_user_chunk_fn\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBpng_uint_32 png_set_unknown_chunks (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, png_unknown_chunkp \fP\fIunknowns\fP\fB, int \fP\fInum\fP\fB, int \fIlocation\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_set_unknown_chunk_location (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIchunk\fP\fB, int \fIlocation\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_set_user_limits (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fP\fIuser_width_max\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIuser_height_max\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_user_transform_info (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIuser_transform_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fIuser_transform_depth\fP\fB, int \fIuser_transform_channels\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_write_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_voidp \fP\fIio_ptr\fP\fB, png_rw_ptr \fP\fIwrite_data_fn\fP\fB, png_flush_ptr \fIoutput_flush_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_write_status_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_write_status_ptr \fIwrite_row_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_set_write_user_transform_fn (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_user_transform_ptr \fIwrite_user_transform_fn\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_set_compression_buffer_size(png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBint png_sig_cmp (png_bytep \fP\fIsig\fP\fB, png_size_t \fP\fIstart\fP\fB, png_size_t \fInum_to_check\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBint png_sig_cmp (png_bytep \fP\fIsig\fP\fB, size_t \fP\fIstart\fP\fB, size_t \fInum_to_check\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_start_read_image (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_warning (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fImessage\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_write_chunk (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIchunk_name\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIdata\fP\fB, png_size_t \fIlength\fP\fB);\fP
+\fBvoid png_write_chunk (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIchunk_name\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIdata\fP\fB, size_t \fIlength\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_write_chunk_data (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIdata\fP\fB, png_size_t \fIlength\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_write_chunk_data (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIdata\fP\fB, size_t \fIlength\fP\fB);\fP
\fBvoid png_write_chunk_end (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_chunk_start (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fP\fIchunk_name\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fIlength\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_write_destroy (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_end (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_flush (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_image (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytepp \fIimage\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBDEPRECATED: void png_write_init (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBDEPRECATED: void png_write_init_2 (png_structpp \fP\fIptr_ptr\fP\fB, png_const_charp \fP\fIuser_png_ver\fP\fB, png_size_t \fP\fIpng_struct_size\fP\fB, png_size_t \fIpng_info_size\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_info (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_info_before_PLTE (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_png (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_infop \fP\fIinfo_ptr\fP\fB, int \fP\fItransforms\fP\fB, png_voidp \fIparams\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_row (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytep \fIrow\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
\fBvoid png_write_rows (png_structp \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, png_bytepp \fP\fIrow\fP\fB, png_uint_32 \fInum_rows\fP\fB);\fP
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoidpf png_zalloc (voidpf \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, uInt \fP\fIitems\fP\fB, uInt \fIsize\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
-
-\fBvoid png_zfree (voidpf \fP\fIpng_ptr\fP\fB, voidpf \fIptr\fP\fB);\fP
-
-\fI\fB
+\fBvoid png_write_sig (png_structp \fIpng_ptr\fP\fB);\fP
.SH DESCRIPTION
The
@@ -817,14 +514,13 @@ library supports encoding, decoding, and various manipulations of
the Portable Network Graphics (PNG) format image files. It uses the
.IR zlib(3)
compression library.
-Following is a copy of the libpng.txt file that accompanies libpng.
+Following is a copy of the libpng-manual.txt file that accompanies libpng.
+
.SH LIBPNG.TXT
-libpng.txt - A description on how to use and modify libpng
+libpng-manual.txt - A description on how to use and modify libpng
- libpng version 1.2.44 - June 26, 2010
- Updated and distributed by Glenn Randers-Pehrson
- <glennrp at users.sourceforge.net>
- Copyright (c) 1998-2009 Glenn Randers-Pehrson
+ Copyright (c) 2018 Cosmin Truta
+ Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Glenn Randers-Pehrson
This document is released under the libpng license.
For conditions of distribution and use, see the disclaimer
@@ -832,15 +528,19 @@ libpng.txt - A description on how to use and modify libpng
Based on:
- libpng versions 0.97, January 1998, through 1.2.44 - June 26, 2010
+ libpng version 1.6.36 - December 1, 2018
+ Updated and distributed by Cosmin Truta
+ Copyright (c) 2018 Cosmin Truta
+
+ libpng versions 0.97, January 1998, through 1.6.35 - July 15, 2018
Updated and distributed by Glenn Randers-Pehrson
- Copyright (c) 1998-2009 Glenn Randers-Pehrson
+ Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Glenn Randers-Pehrson
- libpng 1.0 beta 6 version 0.96 May 28, 1997
+ libpng 1.0 beta 6 - version 0.96 - May 28, 1997
Updated and distributed by Andreas Dilger
Copyright (c) 1996, 1997 Andreas Dilger
- libpng 1.0 beta 2 - version 0.88 January 26, 1996
+ libpng 1.0 beta 2 - version 0.88 - January 26, 1996
For conditions of distribution and use, see copyright
notice in png.h. Copyright (c) 1995, 1996 Guy Eric
Schalnat, Group 42, Inc.
@@ -849,16 +549,32 @@ libpng.txt - A description on how to use and modify libpng
Copyright (c) 1995, 1996 Frank J. T. Wojcik
December 18, 1995 & January 20, 1996
+ TABLE OF CONTENTS
+
+ I. Introduction
+ II. Structures
+ III. Reading
+ IV. Writing
+ V. Simplified API
+ VI. Modifying/Customizing libpng
+ VII. MNG support
+ VIII. Changes to Libpng from version 0.88
+ IX. Changes to Libpng from version 1.0.x to 1.2.x
+ X. Changes to Libpng from version 1.0.x/1.2.x to 1.4.x
+ XI. Changes to Libpng from version 1.4.x to 1.5.x
+ XII. Changes to Libpng from version 1.5.x to 1.6.x
+ XIII. Detecting libpng
+ XIV. Source code repository
+ XV. Coding style
+
.SH I. Introduction
This file describes how to use and modify the PNG reference library
-(known as libpng) for your own use. There are five sections to this
-file: introduction, structures, reading, writing, and modification and
-configuration notes for various special platforms. In addition to this
+(known as libpng) for your own use. In addition to this
file, example.c is a good starting point for using the library, as
it is heavily commented and should include everything most people
will need. We assume that libpng is already installed; see the
-INSTALL file for instructions on how to install libpng.
+INSTALL file for instructions on how to configure and install libpng.
For examples of libpng usage, see the files "example.c", "pngtest.c",
and the files in the "contrib" directory, all of which are included in
@@ -869,20 +585,21 @@ of reducing the amount of time and effort it takes to support the PNG
file format in application programs.
The PNG specification (second edition), November 2003, is available as
-a W3C Recommendation and as an ISO Standard (ISO/IEC 15948:2003 (E)) at
-<http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/REC-PNG-20031110/
+a W3C Recommendation and as an ISO Standard (ISO/IEC 15948:2004 (E)) at
+<https://www.w3.org/TR/2003/REC-PNG-20031110/>.
The W3C and ISO documents have identical technical content.
The PNG-1.2 specification is available at
-<http://www.libpng.org/pub/png/documents/>. It is technically equivalent
+<https://png-mng.sourceforge.io/pub/png/spec/1.2/>.
+It is technically equivalent
to the PNG specification (second edition) but has some additional material.
-The PNG-1.0 specification is available
-as RFC 2083 <http://www.libpng.org/pub/png/documents/> and as a
-W3C Recommendation <http://www.w3.org/TR/REC.png.html>.
+The PNG-1.0 specification is available as RFC 2083 at
+<https://png-mng.sourceforge.io/pub/png/spec/1.0/> and as a
+W3C Recommendation at <https://www.w3.org/TR/REC-png-961001>.
Some additional chunks are described in the special-purpose public chunks
-documents at <http://www.libpng.org/pub/png/documents/>.
+documents at <http://www.libpng.org/pub/png/spec/register/>
Other information
about PNG, and the latest version of libpng, can be found at the PNG home
@@ -904,7 +621,7 @@ majority of the needs of its users.
Libpng uses zlib for its compression and decompression of PNG files.
Further information about zlib, and the latest version of zlib, can
-be found at the zlib home page, <http://www.info-zip.org/pub/infozip/zlib/>.
+be found at the zlib home page, <https://zlib.net/>.
The zlib compression utility is a general purpose utility that is
useful for more than PNG files, and can be used without libpng.
See the documentation delivered with zlib for more details.
@@ -920,34 +637,203 @@ same instance of a structure.
.SH II. Structures
There are two main structures that are important to libpng, png_struct
-and png_info. The first, png_struct, is an internal structure that
-will not, for the most part, be used by a user except as the first
-variable passed to every libpng function call.
+and png_info. Both are internal structures that are no longer exposed
+in the libpng interface (as of libpng 1.5.0).
The png_info structure is designed to provide information about the
PNG file. At one time, the fields of png_info were intended to be
directly accessible to the user. However, this tended to cause problems
with applications using dynamically loaded libraries, and as a result
a set of interface functions for png_info (the png_get_*() and png_set_*()
-functions) was developed. The fields of png_info are still available for
-older applications, but it is suggested that applications use the new
-interfaces if at all possible.
-
-Applications that do make direct access to the members of png_struct (except
-for png_ptr->jmpbuf) must be recompiled whenever the library is updated,
-and applications that make direct access to the members of png_info must
-be recompiled if they were compiled or loaded with libpng version 1.0.6,
-in which the members were in a different order. In version 1.0.7, the
-members of the png_info structure reverted to the old order, as they were
-in versions 0.97c through 1.0.5. Starting with version 2.0.0, both
-structures are going to be hidden, and the contents of the structures will
-only be accessible through the png_get/png_set functions.
+functions) was developed, and direct access to the png_info fields was
+deprecated..
+
+The png_struct structure is the object used by the library to decode a
+single image. As of 1.5.0 this structure is also not exposed.
+
+Almost all libpng APIs require a pointer to a png_struct as the first argument.
+Many (in particular the png_set and png_get APIs) also require a pointer
+to png_info as the second argument. Some application visible macros
+defined in png.h designed for basic data access (reading and writing
+integers in the PNG format) don't take a png_info pointer, but it's almost
+always safe to assume that a (png_struct*) has to be passed to call an API
+function.
+
+You can have more than one png_info structure associated with an image,
+as illustrated in pngtest.c, one for information valid prior to the
+IDAT chunks and another (called "end_info" below) for things after them.
The png.h header file is an invaluable reference for programming with libpng.
And while I'm on the topic, make sure you include the libpng header file:
#include <png.h>
+and also (as of libpng-1.5.0) the zlib header file, if you need it:
+
+#include <zlib.h>
+
+.SS Types
+
+The png.h header file defines a number of integral types used by the
+APIs. Most of these are fairly obvious; for example types corresponding
+to integers of particular sizes and types for passing color values.
+
+One exception is how non-integral numbers are handled. For application
+convenience most APIs that take such numbers have C (double) arguments;
+however, internally PNG, and libpng, use 32 bit signed integers and encode
+the value by multiplying by 100,000. As of libpng 1.5.0 a convenience
+macro PNG_FP_1 is defined in png.h along with a type (png_fixed_point)
+which is simply (png_int_32).
+
+All APIs that take (double) arguments also have a matching API that
+takes the corresponding fixed point integer arguments. The fixed point
+API has the same name as the floating point one with "_fixed" appended.
+The actual range of values permitted in the APIs is frequently less than
+the full range of (png_fixed_point) (\-21474 to +21474). When APIs require
+a non-negative argument the type is recorded as png_uint_32 above. Consult
+the header file and the text below for more information.
+
+Special care must be take with sCAL chunk handling because the chunk itself
+uses non-integral values encoded as strings containing decimal floating point
+numbers. See the comments in the header file.
+
+.SS Configuration
+
+The main header file function declarations are frequently protected by C
+preprocessing directives of the form:
+
+ #ifdef PNG_feature_SUPPORTED
+ declare-function
+ #endif
+ ...
+ #ifdef PNG_feature_SUPPORTED
+ use-function
+ #endif
+
+The library can be built without support for these APIs, although a
+standard build will have all implemented APIs. Application programs
+should check the feature macros before using an API for maximum
+portability. From libpng 1.5.0 the feature macros set during the build
+of libpng are recorded in the header file "pnglibconf.h" and this file
+is always included by png.h.
+
+If you don't need to change the library configuration from the default, skip to
+the next section ("Reading").
+
+Notice that some of the makefiles in the 'scripts' directory and (in 1.5.0) all
+of the build project files in the 'projects' directory simply copy
+scripts/pnglibconf.h.prebuilt to pnglibconf.h. This means that these build
+systems do not permit easy auto-configuration of the library - they only
+support the default configuration.
+
+The easiest way to make minor changes to the libpng configuration when
+auto-configuration is supported is to add definitions to the command line
+using (typically) CPPFLAGS. For example:
+
+CPPFLAGS=\-DPNG_NO_FLOATING_ARITHMETIC
+
+will change the internal libpng math implementation for gamma correction and
+other arithmetic calculations to fixed point, avoiding the need for fast
+floating point support. The result can be seen in the generated pnglibconf.h -
+make sure it contains the changed feature macro setting.
+
+If you need to make more extensive configuration changes - more than one or two
+feature macro settings - you can either add \-DPNG_USER_CONFIG to the build
+command line and put a list of feature macro settings in pngusr.h or you can set
+DFA_XTRA (a makefile variable) to a file containing the same information in the
+form of 'option' settings.
+
+A. Changing pnglibconf.h
+
+A variety of methods exist to build libpng. Not all of these support
+reconfiguration of pnglibconf.h. To reconfigure pnglibconf.h it must either be
+rebuilt from scripts/pnglibconf.dfa using awk or it must be edited by hand.
+
+Hand editing is achieved by copying scripts/pnglibconf.h.prebuilt to
+pnglibconf.h and changing the lines defining the supported features, paying
+very close attention to the 'option' information in scripts/pnglibconf.dfa
+that describes those features and their requirements. This is easy to get
+wrong.
+
+B. Configuration using DFA_XTRA
+
+Rebuilding from pnglibconf.dfa is easy if a functioning 'awk', or a later
+variant such as 'nawk' or 'gawk', is available. The configure build will
+automatically find an appropriate awk and build pnglibconf.h.
+The scripts/pnglibconf.mak file contains a set of make rules for doing the
+same thing if configure is not used, and many of the makefiles in the scripts
+directory use this approach.
+
+When rebuilding simply write a new file containing changed options and set
+DFA_XTRA to the name of this file. This causes the build to append the new file
+to the end of scripts/pnglibconf.dfa. The pngusr.dfa file should contain lines
+of the following forms:
+
+everything = off
+
+This turns all optional features off. Include it at the start of pngusr.dfa to
+make it easier to build a minimal configuration. You will need to turn at least
+some features on afterward to enable either reading or writing code, or both.
+
+option feature on
+option feature off
+
+Enable or disable a single feature. This will automatically enable other
+features required by a feature that is turned on or disable other features that
+require a feature which is turned off. Conflicting settings will cause an error
+message to be emitted by awk.
+
+setting feature default value
+
+Changes the default value of setting 'feature' to 'value'. There are a small
+number of settings listed at the top of pnglibconf.h, they are documented in the
+source code. Most of these values have performance implications for the library
+but most of them have no visible effect on the API. Some can also be overridden
+from the API.
+
+This method of building a customized pnglibconf.h is illustrated in
+contrib/pngminim/*. See the "$(PNGCONF):" target in the makefile and
+pngusr.dfa in these directories.
+
+C. Configuration using PNG_USER_CONFIG
+
+If \-DPNG_USER_CONFIG is added to the CPPFLAGS when pnglibconf.h is built,
+the file pngusr.h will automatically be included before the options in
+scripts/pnglibconf.dfa are processed. Your pngusr.h file should contain only
+macro definitions turning features on or off or setting settings.
+
+Apart from the global setting "everything = off" all the options listed above
+can be set using macros in pngusr.h:
+
+#define PNG_feature_SUPPORTED
+
+is equivalent to:
+
+option feature on
+
+#define PNG_NO_feature
+
+is equivalent to:
+
+option feature off
+
+#define PNG_feature value
+
+is equivalent to:
+
+setting feature default value
+
+Notice that in both cases, pngusr.dfa and pngusr.h, the contents of the
+pngusr file you supply override the contents of scripts/pnglibconf.dfa
+
+If confusing or incomprehensible behavior results it is possible to
+examine the intermediate file pnglibconf.dfn to find the full set of
+dependency information for each setting and option. Simply locate the
+feature in the file and read the C comments that precede it.
+
+This method is also illustrated in the contrib/pngminim/* makefiles and
+pngusr.h.
+
.SH III. Reading
We'll now walk you through the possible functions to call when reading
@@ -971,7 +857,7 @@ prediction.
If you are intending to keep the file pointer open for use in libpng,
you must ensure you don't read more than 8 bytes from the beginning
-of the file, and you also have to make a call to png_set_sig_bytes_read()
+of the file, and you also have to make a call to png_set_sig_bytes()
with the number of bytes you read from the beginning. Libpng will
then only check the bytes (if any) that your program didn't read.
@@ -979,20 +865,23 @@ then only check the bytes (if any) that your program didn't read.
to replace them with custom functions. See the discussion under
Customizing libpng.
-
FILE *fp = fopen(file_name, "rb");
if (!fp)
{
- return (ERROR);
+ return ERROR;
+ }
+
+ if (fread(header, 1, number, fp) != number)
+ {
+ return ERROR;
}
- fread(header, 1, number, fp);
+
is_png = !png_sig_cmp(header, 0, number);
if (!is_png)
{
- return (NOT_PNG);
+ return NOT_PNG;
}
-
Next, png_struct and png_info need to be allocated and initialized. In
order to ensure that the size of these structures is correct even with a
dynamically linked libpng, there are functions to initialize and
@@ -1005,33 +894,27 @@ The structure allocation functions quietly return NULL if they fail to
create the structure, so your application should check for that.
png_structp png_ptr = png_create_read_struct
- (PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING, (png_voidp)user_error_ptr,
+ (PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING, (png_voidp)user_error_ptr,
user_error_fn, user_warning_fn);
+
if (!png_ptr)
- return (ERROR);
+ return ERROR;
png_infop info_ptr = png_create_info_struct(png_ptr);
+
if (!info_ptr)
{
- png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr,
+ png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr,
(png_infopp)NULL, (png_infopp)NULL);
- return (ERROR);
- }
-
- png_infop end_info = png_create_info_struct(png_ptr);
- if (!end_info)
- {
- png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
- (png_infopp)NULL);
- return (ERROR);
+ return ERROR;
}
If you want to use your own memory allocation routines,
-define PNG_USER_MEM_SUPPORTED and use
+use a libpng that was built with PNG_USER_MEM_SUPPORTED defined, and use
png_create_read_struct_2() instead of png_create_read_struct():
png_structp png_ptr = png_create_read_struct_2
- (PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING, (png_voidp)user_error_ptr,
+ (PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING, (png_voidp)user_error_ptr,
user_error_fn, user_warning_fn, (png_voidp)
user_mem_ptr, user_malloc_fn, user_free_fn);
@@ -1043,7 +926,7 @@ handling and memory alloc/free functions.
When libpng encounters an error, it expects to longjmp back
to your routine. Therefore, you will need to call setjmp and pass
your png_jmpbuf(png_ptr). If you read the file from different
-routines, you will need to update the jmpbuf field every time you enter
+routines, you will need to update the longjmp buffer every time you enter
a new routine that will call a png_*() function.
See your documentation of setjmp/longjmp for your compiler for more
@@ -1055,16 +938,23 @@ free any memory.
if (setjmp(png_jmpbuf(png_ptr)))
{
- png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
+ png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
&end_info);
- fclose(fp);
- return (ERROR);
+ fclose(fp);
+ return ERROR;
}
+Pass (png_infopp)NULL instead of &end_info if you didn't create
+an end_info structure.
+
If you would rather avoid the complexity of setjmp/longjmp issues,
-you can compile libpng with PNG_SETJMP_NOT_SUPPORTED, in which case
+you can compile libpng with PNG_NO_SETJMP, in which case
errors will result in a call to PNG_ABORT() which defaults to abort().
+You can #define PNG_ABORT() to a function that does something
+more useful than abort(), as long as your function does not
+return.
+
Now you need to set up the input code. The default for libpng is to
use the C function fread(). If you use this, you will need to pass a
valid FILE * in the function png_init_io(). Be sure that the file is
@@ -1081,12 +971,50 @@ libpng know that there are some bytes missing from the start of the file.
png_set_sig_bytes(png_ptr, number);
+You can change the zlib compression buffer size to be used while
+reading compressed data with
+
+ png_set_compression_buffer_size(png_ptr, buffer_size);
+
+where the default size is 8192 bytes. Note that the buffer size
+is changed immediately and the buffer is reallocated immediately,
+instead of setting a flag to be acted upon later.
+
+If you want CRC errors to be handled in a different manner than
+the default, use
+
+ png_set_crc_action(png_ptr, crit_action, ancil_action);
+
+The values for png_set_crc_action() say how libpng is to handle CRC errors in
+ancillary and critical chunks, and whether to use the data contained
+therein. Starting with libpng-1.6.26, this also governs how an ADLER32 error
+is handled while reading the IDAT chunk. Note that it is impossible to
+"discard" data in a critical chunk.
+
+Choices for (int) crit_action are
+ PNG_CRC_DEFAULT 0 error/quit
+ PNG_CRC_ERROR_QUIT 1 error/quit
+ PNG_CRC_WARN_USE 3 warn/use data
+ PNG_CRC_QUIET_USE 4 quiet/use data
+ PNG_CRC_NO_CHANGE 5 use the current value
+
+Choices for (int) ancil_action are
+ PNG_CRC_DEFAULT 0 error/quit
+ PNG_CRC_ERROR_QUIT 1 error/quit
+ PNG_CRC_WARN_DISCARD 2 warn/discard data
+ PNG_CRC_WARN_USE 3 warn/use data
+ PNG_CRC_QUIET_USE 4 quiet/use data
+ PNG_CRC_NO_CHANGE 5 use the current value
+
+When the setting for crit_action is PNG_CRC_QUIET_USE, the CRC and ADLER32
+checksums are not only ignored, but they are not evaluated.
+
.SS Setting up callback code
You can set up a callback function to handle any unknown chunks in the
input stream. You must supply the function
- read_chunk_callback(png_ptr ptr,
+ read_chunk_callback(png_structp png_ptr,
png_unknown_chunkp chunk);
{
/* The unknown chunk structure contains your
@@ -1095,7 +1023,7 @@ input stream. You must supply the function
png_byte name[5];
png_byte *data;
- png_size_t size;
+ size_t size;
/* Note that libpng has already taken care of
the CRC handling */
@@ -1104,9 +1032,9 @@ input stream. You must supply the function
unknown chunk structure, process it, and return one
of the following: */
- return (-n); /* chunk had an error */
- return (0); /* did not recognize */
- return (n); /* success */
+ return \-n; /* chunk had an error */
+ return 0; /* did not recognize */
+ return n; /* success */
}
(You can give your function another name that you like instead of
@@ -1123,17 +1051,22 @@ you can retrieve with
png_get_user_chunk_ptr(png_ptr);
If you call the png_set_read_user_chunk_fn() function, then all unknown
-chunks will be saved when read, in case your callback function will need
-one or more of them. This behavior can be changed with the
-png_set_keep_unknown_chunks() function, described below.
+chunks which the callback does not handle will be saved when read. You can
+cause them to be discarded by returning '1' ("handled") instead of '0'. This
+behavior will change in libpng 1.7 and the default handling set by the
+png_set_keep_unknown_chunks() function, described below, will be used when the
+callback returns 0. If you want the existing behavior you should set the global
+default to PNG_HANDLE_CHUNK_IF_SAFE now; this is compatible with all current
+versions of libpng and with 1.7. Libpng 1.6 issues a warning if you keep the
+default, or PNG_HANDLE_CHUNK_NEVER, and the callback returns 0.
At this point, you can set up a callback function that will be
called after each row has been read, which you can use to control
a progress meter or the like. It's demonstrated in pngtest.c.
You must supply a function
- void read_row_callback(png_ptr ptr, png_uint_32 row,
- int pass);
+ void read_row_callback(png_structp png_ptr,
+ png_uint_32 row, int pass);
{
/* put your code here */
}
@@ -1144,6 +1077,19 @@ To inform libpng about your function, use
png_set_read_status_fn(png_ptr, read_row_callback);
+When this function is called the row has already been completely processed and
+the 'row' and 'pass' refer to the next row to be handled. For the
+non-interlaced case the row that was just handled is simply one less than the
+passed in row number, and pass will always be 0. For the interlaced case the
+same applies unless the row value is 0, in which case the row just handled was
+the last one from one of the preceding passes. Because interlacing may skip a
+pass you cannot be sure that the preceding pass is just 'pass\-1'; if you really
+need to know what the last pass is record (row,pass) from the callback and use
+the last recorded value each time.
+
+As with the user transform you can find the output row using the
+PNG_ROW_FROM_PASS_ROW macro.
+
.SS Unknown-chunk handling
Now you get to set the way the library processes unknown chunks in the
@@ -1155,21 +1101,30 @@ chunk types. To change this, you can call:
png_set_keep_unknown_chunks(png_ptr, keep,
chunk_list, num_chunks);
+
keep - 0: default unknown chunk handling
1: ignore; do not keep
2: keep only if safe-to-copy
3: keep even if unsafe-to-copy
+
You can use these definitions:
PNG_HANDLE_CHUNK_AS_DEFAULT 0
PNG_HANDLE_CHUNK_NEVER 1
PNG_HANDLE_CHUNK_IF_SAFE 2
PNG_HANDLE_CHUNK_ALWAYS 3
+
chunk_list - list of chunks affected (a byte string,
five bytes per chunk, NULL or '\0' if
- num_chunks is 0)
+ num_chunks is positive; ignored if
+ numchunks <= 0).
+
num_chunks - number of chunks affected; if 0, all
- unknown chunks are affected. If nonzero,
- only the chunks in the list are affected
+ unknown chunks are affected. If positive,
+ only the chunks in the list are affected,
+ and if negative all unknown chunks and
+ all known chunks except for the IHDR,
+ PLTE, tRNS, IDAT, and IEND chunks are
+ affected.
Unknown chunks declared in this way will be saved as raw data onto a
list of png_unknown_chunk structures. If a chunk that is normally
@@ -1178,6 +1133,8 @@ according to the "keep" directive. If a chunk is named in successive
instances of png_set_keep_unknown_chunks(), the final instance will
take precedence. The IHDR and IEND chunks should not be named in
chunk_list; if they are, libpng will process them normally anyway.
+If you know that your application will never make use of some particular
+chunks, use PNG_HANDLE_CHUNK_NEVER (or 1) as demonstrated below.
Here is an example of the usage of png_set_keep_unknown_chunks(),
where the private "vpAg" chunk will later be processed by a user chunk
@@ -1200,40 +1157,49 @@ callback function:
...
#if defined(PNG_UNKNOWN_CHUNKS_SUPPORTED)
- /* ignore all unknown chunks: */
- png_set_keep_unknown_chunks(read_ptr, 1, NULL, 0);
+ /* ignore all unknown chunks
+ * (use global setting "2" for libpng16 and earlier):
+ */
+ png_set_keep_unknown_chunks(read_ptr, 2, NULL, 0);
+
/* except for vpAg: */
png_set_keep_unknown_chunks(read_ptr, 2, vpAg, 1);
+
/* also ignore unused known chunks: */
png_set_keep_unknown_chunks(read_ptr, 1, unused_chunks,
- (int)sizeof(unused_chunks)/5);
+ (int)(sizeof unused_chunks)/5);
#endif
.SS User limits
The PNG specification allows the width and height of an image to be as
-large as 2^31-1 (0x7fffffff), or about 2.147 billion rows and columns.
-Since very few applications really need to process such large images,
-we have imposed an arbitrary 1-million limit on rows and columns.
+large as 2^(31\-1 (0x7fffffff), or about 2.147 billion rows and columns.
+For safety, libpng imposes a default limit of 1 million rows and columns.
Larger images will be rejected immediately with a png_error() call. If
-you wish to override this limit, you can use
+you wish to change these limits, you can use
png_set_user_limits(png_ptr, width_max, height_max);
-to set your own limits, or use width_max = height_max = 0x7fffffffL
-to allow all valid dimensions (libpng may reject some very large images
+to set your own limits (libpng may reject some very wide images
anyway because of potential buffer overflow conditions).
You should put this statement after you create the PNG structure and
before calling png_read_info(), png_read_png(), or png_process_data().
+
+When writing a PNG datastream, put this statement before calling
+png_write_info() or png_write_png().
+
If you need to retrieve the limits that are being applied, use
width_max = png_get_user_width_max(png_ptr);
height_max = png_get_user_height_max(png_ptr);
The PNG specification sets no limit on the number of ancillary chunks
-allowed in a PNG datastream. You can impose a limit on the total number
-of sPLT, tEXt, iTXt, zTXt, and unknown chunks that will be stored, with
+allowed in a PNG datastream. By default, libpng imposes a limit of
+a total of 1000 sPLT, tEXt, iTXt, zTXt, and unknown chunks to be stored.
+If you have set up both info_ptr and end_info_ptr, the limit applies
+separately to each. You can change the limit on the total number of such
+chunks that will be stored, with
png_set_chunk_cache_max(png_ptr, user_chunk_cache_max);
@@ -1241,8 +1207,436 @@ where 0x7fffffffL means unlimited. You can retrieve this limit with
chunk_cache_max = png_get_chunk_cache_max(png_ptr);
-This limit also applies to the number of buffers that can be allocated
-by png_decompress_chunk() while decompressing iTXt, zTXt, and iCCP chunks.
+Libpng imposes a limit of 8 Megabytes (8,000,000 bytes) on the amount of
+memory that any chunk other than IDAT can occupy, originally or when
+decompressed (prior to libpng-1.6.32 the limit was only applied to compressed
+chunks after decompression). You can change this limit with
+
+ png_set_chunk_malloc_max(png_ptr, user_chunk_malloc_max);
+
+and you can retrieve the limit with
+
+ chunk_malloc_max = png_get_chunk_malloc_max(png_ptr);
+
+Any chunks that would cause either of these limits to be exceeded will
+be ignored.
+
+.SS Information about your system
+
+If you intend to display the PNG or to incorporate it in other image data you
+need to tell libpng information about your display or drawing surface so that
+libpng can convert the values in the image to match the display.
+
+From libpng-1.5.4 this information can be set before reading the PNG file
+header. In earlier versions png_set_gamma() existed but behaved incorrectly if
+called before the PNG file header had been read and png_set_alpha_mode() did not
+exist.
+
+If you need to support versions prior to libpng-1.5.4 test the version number
+as illustrated below using "PNG_LIBPNG_VER >= 10504" and follow the procedures
+described in the appropriate manual page.
+
+You give libpng the encoding expected by your system expressed as a 'gamma'
+value. You can also specify a default encoding for the PNG file in
+case the required information is missing from the file. By default libpng
+assumes that the PNG data matches your system, to keep this default call:
+
+ png_set_gamma(png_ptr, screen_gamma, output_gamma);
+
+or you can use the fixed point equivalent:
+
+ png_set_gamma_fixed(png_ptr, PNG_FP_1*screen_gamma,
+ PNG_FP_1*output_gamma);
+
+If you don't know the gamma for your system it is probably 2.2 - a good
+approximation to the IEC standard for display systems (sRGB). If images are
+too contrasty or washed out you got the value wrong - check your system
+documentation!
+
+Many systems permit the system gamma to be changed via a lookup table in the
+display driver, a few systems, including older Macs, change the response by
+default. As of 1.5.4 three special values are available to handle common
+situations:
+
+ PNG_DEFAULT_sRGB: Indicates that the system conforms to the
+ IEC 61966-2-1 standard. This matches almost
+ all systems.
+ PNG_GAMMA_MAC_18: Indicates that the system is an older
+ (pre Mac OS 10.6) Apple Macintosh system with
+ the default settings.
+ PNG_GAMMA_LINEAR: Just the fixed point value for 1.0 - indicates
+ that the system expects data with no gamma
+ encoding.
+
+You would use the linear (unencoded) value if you need to process the pixel
+values further because this avoids the need to decode and re-encode each
+component value whenever arithmetic is performed. A lot of graphics software
+uses linear values for this reason, often with higher precision component values
+to preserve overall accuracy.
+
+
+The output_gamma value expresses how to decode the output values, not how
+they are encoded. The values used correspond to the normal numbers used to
+describe the overall gamma of a computer display system; for example 2.2 for
+an sRGB conformant system. The values are scaled by 100000 in the _fixed
+version of the API (so 220000 for sRGB.)
+
+The inverse of the value is always used to provide a default for the PNG file
+encoding if it has no gAMA chunk and if png_set_gamma() has not been called
+to override the PNG gamma information.
+
+When the ALPHA_OPTIMIZED mode is selected the output gamma is used to encode
+opaque pixels however pixels with lower alpha values are not encoded,
+regardless of the output gamma setting.
+
+When the standard Porter Duff handling is requested with mode 1 the output
+encoding is set to be linear and the output_gamma value is only relevant
+as a default for input data that has no gamma information. The linear output
+encoding will be overridden if png_set_gamma() is called - the results may be
+highly unexpected!
+
+The following numbers are derived from the sRGB standard and the research
+behind it. sRGB is defined to be approximated by a PNG gAMA chunk value of
+0.45455 (1/2.2) for PNG. The value implicitly includes any viewing
+correction required to take account of any differences in the color
+environment of the original scene and the intended display environment; the
+value expresses how to *decode* the image for display, not how the original
+data was *encoded*.
+
+sRGB provides a peg for the PNG standard by defining a viewing environment.
+sRGB itself, and earlier TV standards, actually use a more complex transform
+(a linear portion then a gamma 2.4 power law) than PNG can express. (PNG is
+limited to simple power laws.) By saying that an image for direct display on
+an sRGB conformant system should be stored with a gAMA chunk value of 45455
+(11.3.3.2 and 11.3.3.5 of the ISO PNG specification) the PNG specification
+makes it possible to derive values for other display systems and
+environments.
+
+The Mac value is deduced from the sRGB based on an assumption that the actual
+extra viewing correction used in early Mac display systems was implemented as
+a power 1.45 lookup table.
+
+Any system where a programmable lookup table is used or where the behavior of
+the final display device characteristics can be changed requires system
+specific code to obtain the current characteristic. However this can be
+difficult and most PNG gamma correction only requires an approximate value.
+
+By default, if png_set_alpha_mode() is not called, libpng assumes that all
+values are unencoded, linear, values and that the output device also has a
+linear characteristic. This is only very rarely correct - it is invariably
+better to call png_set_alpha_mode() with PNG_DEFAULT_sRGB than rely on the
+default if you don't know what the right answer is!
+
+The special value PNG_GAMMA_MAC_18 indicates an older Mac system (pre Mac OS
+10.6) which used a correction table to implement a somewhat lower gamma on an
+otherwise sRGB system.
+
+Both these values are reserved (not simple gamma values) in order to allow
+more precise correction internally in the future.
+
+NOTE: the values can be passed to either the fixed or floating
+point APIs, but the floating point API will also accept floating point
+values.
+
+The second thing you may need to tell libpng about is how your system handles
+alpha channel information. Some, but not all, PNG files contain an alpha
+channel. To display these files correctly you need to compose the data onto a
+suitable background, as described in the PNG specification.
+
+Libpng only supports composing onto a single color (using png_set_background;
+see below). Otherwise you must do the composition yourself and, in this case,
+you may need to call png_set_alpha_mode:
+
+ #if PNG_LIBPNG_VER >= 10504
+ png_set_alpha_mode(png_ptr, mode, screen_gamma);
+ #else
+ png_set_gamma(png_ptr, screen_gamma, 1.0/screen_gamma);
+ #endif
+
+The screen_gamma value is the same as the argument to png_set_gamma; however,
+how it affects the output depends on the mode. png_set_alpha_mode() sets the
+file gamma default to 1/screen_gamma, so normally you don't need to call
+png_set_gamma. If you need different defaults call png_set_gamma() before
+png_set_alpha_mode() - if you call it after it will override the settings made
+by png_set_alpha_mode().
+
+The mode is as follows:
+
+ PNG_ALPHA_PNG: The data is encoded according to the PNG
+specification. Red, green and blue, or gray, components are
+gamma encoded color values and are not premultiplied by the
+alpha value. The alpha value is a linear measure of the
+contribution of the pixel to the corresponding final output pixel.
+
+You should normally use this format if you intend to perform
+color correction on the color values; most, maybe all, color
+correction software has no handling for the alpha channel and,
+anyway, the math to handle pre-multiplied component values is
+unnecessarily complex.
+
+Before you do any arithmetic on the component values you need
+to remove the gamma encoding and multiply out the alpha
+channel. See the PNG specification for more detail. It is
+important to note that when an image with an alpha channel is
+scaled, linear encoded, pre-multiplied component values must
+be used!
+
+The remaining modes assume you don't need to do any further color correction or
+that if you do, your color correction software knows all about alpha (it
+probably doesn't!). They 'associate' the alpha with the color information by
+storing color channel values that have been scaled by the alpha. The
+advantage is that the color channels can be resampled (the image can be
+scaled) in this form. The disadvantage is that normal practice is to store
+linear, not (gamma) encoded, values and this requires 16-bit channels for
+still images rather than the 8-bit channels that are just about sufficient if
+gamma encoding is used. In addition all non-transparent pixel values,
+including completely opaque ones, must be gamma encoded to produce the final
+image. These are the 'STANDARD', 'ASSOCIATED' or 'PREMULTIPLIED' modes
+described below (the latter being the two common names for associated alpha
+color channels). Note that PNG files always contain non-associated color
+channels; png_set_alpha_mode() with one of the modes causes the decoder to
+convert the pixels to an associated form before returning them to your
+application.
+
+Since it is not necessary to perform arithmetic on opaque color values so
+long as they are not to be resampled and are in the final color space it is
+possible to optimize the handling of alpha by storing the opaque pixels in
+the PNG format (adjusted for the output color space) while storing partially
+opaque pixels in the standard, linear, format. The accuracy required for
+standard alpha composition is relatively low, because the pixels are
+isolated, therefore typically the accuracy loss in storing 8-bit linear
+values is acceptable. (This is not true if the alpha channel is used to
+simulate transparency over large areas - use 16 bits or the PNG mode in
+this case!) This is the 'OPTIMIZED' mode. For this mode a pixel is
+treated as opaque only if the alpha value is equal to the maximum value.
+
+ PNG_ALPHA_STANDARD: The data libpng produces is encoded in the
+standard way assumed by most correctly written graphics software.
+The gamma encoding will be removed by libpng and the
+linear component values will be pre-multiplied by the
+alpha channel.
+
+With this format the final image must be re-encoded to
+match the display gamma before the image is displayed.
+If your system doesn't do that, yet still seems to
+perform arithmetic on the pixels without decoding them,
+it is broken - check out the modes below.
+
+With PNG_ALPHA_STANDARD libpng always produces linear
+component values, whatever screen_gamma you supply. The
+screen_gamma value is, however, used as a default for
+the file gamma if the PNG file has no gamma information.
+
+If you call png_set_gamma() after png_set_alpha_mode() you
+will override the linear encoding. Instead the
+pre-multiplied pixel values will be gamma encoded but
+the alpha channel will still be linear. This may
+actually match the requirements of some broken software,
+but it is unlikely.
+
+While linear 8-bit data is often used it has
+insufficient precision for any image with a reasonable
+dynamic range. To avoid problems, and if your software
+supports it, use png_set_expand_16() to force all
+components to 16 bits.
+
+ PNG_ALPHA_OPTIMIZED: This mode is the same as PNG_ALPHA_STANDARD
+except that completely opaque pixels are gamma encoded according to
+the screen_gamma value. Pixels with alpha less than 1.0
+will still have linear components.
+
+Use this format if you have control over your
+compositing software and so don't do other arithmetic
+(such as scaling) on the data you get from libpng. Your
+compositing software can simply copy opaque pixels to
+the output but still has linear values for the
+non-opaque pixels.
+
+In normal compositing, where the alpha channel encodes
+partial pixel coverage (as opposed to broad area
+translucency), the inaccuracies of the 8-bit
+representation of non-opaque pixels are irrelevant.
+
+You can also try this format if your software is broken;
+it might look better.
+
+ PNG_ALPHA_BROKEN: This is PNG_ALPHA_STANDARD; however, all component
+values, including the alpha channel are gamma encoded. This is
+broken because, in practice, no implementation that uses this choice
+correctly undoes the encoding before handling alpha composition. Use this
+choice only if other serious errors in the software or hardware you use
+mandate it. In most cases of broken software or hardware the bug in the
+final display manifests as a subtle halo around composited parts of the
+image. You may not even perceive this as a halo; the composited part of
+the image may simply appear separate from the background, as though it had
+been cut out of paper and pasted on afterward.
+
+If you don't have to deal with bugs in software or hardware, or if you can fix
+them, there are three recommended ways of using png_set_alpha_mode():
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(png_ptr, PNG_ALPHA_PNG,
+ screen_gamma);
+
+You can do color correction on the result (libpng does not currently
+support color correction internally). When you handle the alpha channel
+you need to undo the gamma encoding and multiply out the alpha.
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(png_ptr, PNG_ALPHA_STANDARD,
+ screen_gamma);
+ png_set_expand_16(png_ptr);
+
+If you are using the high level interface, don't call png_set_expand_16();
+instead pass PNG_TRANSFORM_EXPAND_16 to the interface.
+
+With this mode you can't do color correction, but you can do arithmetic,
+including composition and scaling, on the data without further processing.
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(png_ptr, PNG_ALPHA_OPTIMIZED,
+ screen_gamma);
+
+You can avoid the expansion to 16-bit components with this mode, but you
+lose the ability to scale the image or perform other linear arithmetic.
+All you can do is compose the result onto a matching output. Since this
+mode is libpng-specific you also need to write your own composition
+software.
+
+The following are examples of calls to png_set_alpha_mode to achieve the
+required overall gamma correction and, where necessary, alpha
+premultiplication.
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(pp, PNG_ALPHA_PNG, PNG_DEFAULT_sRGB);
+
+Choices for the alpha_mode are
+
+ PNG_ALPHA_PNG 0 /* according to the PNG standard */
+ PNG_ALPHA_STANDARD 1 /* according to Porter/Duff */
+ PNG_ALPHA_ASSOCIATED 1 /* as above; this is the normal practice */
+ PNG_ALPHA_PREMULTIPLIED 1 /* as above */
+ PNG_ALPHA_OPTIMIZED 2 /* 'PNG' for opaque pixels, else 'STANDARD' */
+ PNG_ALPHA_BROKEN 3 /* the alpha channel is gamma encoded */
+
+PNG_ALPHA_PNG is the default libpng handling of the alpha channel. It is not
+pre-multiplied into the color components. In addition the call states
+that the output is for a sRGB system and causes all PNG files without gAMA
+chunks to be assumed to be encoded using sRGB.
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(pp, PNG_ALPHA_PNG, PNG_GAMMA_MAC);
+
+In this case the output is assumed to be something like an sRGB conformant
+display preceded by a power-law lookup table of power 1.45. This is how
+early Mac systems behaved.
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(pp, PNG_ALPHA_STANDARD, PNG_GAMMA_LINEAR);
+
+This is the classic Jim Blinn approach and will work in academic
+environments where everything is done by the book. It has the shortcoming
+of assuming that input PNG data with no gamma information is linear - this
+is unlikely to be correct unless the PNG files were generated locally.
+Most of the time the output precision will be so low as to show
+significant banding in dark areas of the image.
+
+ png_set_expand_16(pp);
+ png_set_alpha_mode(pp, PNG_ALPHA_STANDARD, PNG_DEFAULT_sRGB);
+
+This is a somewhat more realistic Jim Blinn inspired approach. PNG files
+are assumed to have the sRGB encoding if not marked with a gamma value and
+the output is always 16 bits per component. This permits accurate scaling
+and processing of the data. If you know that your input PNG files were
+generated locally you might need to replace PNG_DEFAULT_sRGB with the
+correct value for your system.
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(pp, PNG_ALPHA_OPTIMIZED, PNG_DEFAULT_sRGB);
+
+If you just need to composite the PNG image onto an existing background
+and if you control the code that does this you can use the optimization
+setting. In this case you just copy completely opaque pixels to the
+output. For pixels that are not completely transparent (you just skip
+those) you do the composition math using png_composite or png_composite_16
+below then encode the resultant 8-bit or 16-bit values to match the output
+encoding.
+
+ Other cases
+
+If neither the PNG nor the standard linear encoding work for you because
+of the software or hardware you use then you have a big problem. The PNG
+case will probably result in halos around the image. The linear encoding
+will probably result in a washed out, too bright, image (it's actually too
+contrasty.) Try the ALPHA_OPTIMIZED mode above - this will probably
+substantially reduce the halos. Alternatively try:
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(pp, PNG_ALPHA_BROKEN, PNG_DEFAULT_sRGB);
+
+This option will also reduce the halos, but there will be slight dark
+halos round the opaque parts of the image where the background is light.
+In the OPTIMIZED mode the halos will be light halos where the background
+is dark. Take your pick - the halos are unavoidable unless you can get
+your hardware/software fixed! (The OPTIMIZED approach is slightly
+faster.)
+
+When the default gamma of PNG files doesn't match the output gamma.
+If you have PNG files with no gamma information png_set_alpha_mode allows
+you to provide a default gamma, but it also sets the output gamma to the
+matching value. If you know your PNG files have a gamma that doesn't
+match the output you can take advantage of the fact that
+png_set_alpha_mode always sets the output gamma but only sets the PNG
+default if it is not already set:
+
+ png_set_alpha_mode(pp, PNG_ALPHA_PNG, PNG_DEFAULT_sRGB);
+ png_set_alpha_mode(pp, PNG_ALPHA_PNG, PNG_GAMMA_MAC);
+
+The first call sets both the default and the output gamma values, the
+second call overrides the output gamma without changing the default. This
+is easier than achieving the same effect with png_set_gamma. You must use
+PNG_ALPHA_PNG for the first call - internal checking in png_set_alpha will
+fire if more than one call to png_set_alpha_mode and png_set_background is
+made in the same read operation, however multiple calls with PNG_ALPHA_PNG
+are ignored.
+
+If you don't need, or can't handle, the alpha channel you can call
+png_set_background() to remove it by compositing against a fixed color. Don't
+call png_set_strip_alpha() to do this - it will leave spurious pixel values in
+transparent parts of this image.
+
+ png_set_background(png_ptr, &background_color,
+ PNG_BACKGROUND_GAMMA_SCREEN, 0, 1);
+
+The background_color is an RGB or grayscale value according to the data format
+libpng will produce for you. Because you don't yet know the format of the PNG
+file, if you call png_set_background at this point you must arrange for the
+format produced by libpng to always have 8-bit or 16-bit components and then
+store the color as an 8-bit or 16-bit color as appropriate. The color contains
+separate gray and RGB component values, so you can let libpng produce gray or
+RGB output according to the input format, but low bit depth grayscale images
+must always be converted to at least 8-bit format. (Even though low bit depth
+grayscale images can't have an alpha channel they can have a transparent
+color!)
+
+You set the transforms you need later, either as flags to the high level
+interface or libpng API calls for the low level interface. For reference the
+settings and API calls required are:
+
+8-bit values:
+ PNG_TRANSFORM_SCALE_16 | PNG_EXPAND
+ png_set_expand(png_ptr); png_set_scale_16(png_ptr);
+
+ If you must get exactly the same inaccurate results
+ produced by default in versions prior to libpng-1.5.4,
+ use PNG_TRANSFORM_STRIP_16 and png_set_strip_16(png_ptr)
+ instead.
+
+16-bit values:
+ PNG_TRANSFORM_EXPAND_16
+ png_set_expand_16(png_ptr);
+
+In either case palette image data will be expanded to RGB. If you just want
+color data you can add PNG_TRANSFORM_GRAY_TO_RGB or png_set_gray_to_rgb(png_ptr)
+to the list.
+
+Calling png_set_background before the PNG file header is read will not work
+prior to libpng-1.5.4. Because the failure may result in unexpected warnings or
+errors it is therefore much safer to call png_set_background after the head has
+been read. Unfortunately this means that prior to libpng-1.5.4 it cannot be
+used with the high level interface.
.SS The high-level read interface
@@ -1253,8 +1647,10 @@ the entire image into memory, and (b) the input transformations
you want to do are limited to the following set:
PNG_TRANSFORM_IDENTITY No transformation
- PNG_TRANSFORM_STRIP_16 Strip 16-bit samples to
- 8 bits
+ PNG_TRANSFORM_SCALE_16 Strip 16-bit samples to
+ 8-bit accurately
+ PNG_TRANSFORM_STRIP_16 Chop 16-bit samples to
+ 8-bit less accurately
PNG_TRANSFORM_STRIP_ALPHA Discard the alpha channel
PNG_TRANSFORM_PACKING Expand 1, 2 and 4-bit
samples to bytes
@@ -1273,9 +1669,10 @@ you want to do are limited to the following set:
PNG_TRANSFORM_SWAP_ENDIAN Byte-swap 16-bit samples
PNG_TRANSFORM_GRAY_TO_RGB Expand grayscale samples
to RGB (or GA to RGBA)
+ PNG_TRANSFORM_EXPAND_16 Expand samples to 16 bits
(This excludes setting a background color, doing gamma transformation,
-dithering, and setting filler.) If this is the case, simply do this:
+quantizing, and setting filler.) If this is the case, simply do this:
png_read_png(png_ptr, info_ptr, png_transforms, NULL)
@@ -1302,29 +1699,47 @@ where row_pointers is an array of pointers to the pixel data for each row:
If you know your image size and pixel size ahead of time, you can allocate
row_pointers prior to calling png_read_png() with
- if (height > PNG_UINT_32_MAX/png_sizeof(png_byte))
+ if (height > PNG_UINT_32_MAX/(sizeof (png_byte)))
png_error (png_ptr,
- "Image is too tall to process in memory");
+ "Image is too tall to process in memory");
+
if (width > PNG_UINT_32_MAX/pixel_size)
png_error (png_ptr,
- "Image is too wide to process in memory");
+ "Image is too wide to process in memory");
+
row_pointers = png_malloc(png_ptr,
- height*png_sizeof(png_bytep));
+ height*(sizeof (png_bytep)));
+
for (int i=0; i<height, i++)
row_pointers[i]=NULL; /* security precaution */
+
for (int i=0; i<height, i++)
row_pointers[i]=png_malloc(png_ptr,
- width*pixel_size);
+ width*pixel_size);
+
png_set_rows(png_ptr, info_ptr, &row_pointers);
Alternatively you could allocate your image in one big block and define
-row_pointers[i] to point into the proper places in your block.
+row_pointers[i] to point into the proper places in your block, but first
+be sure that your platform is able to allocate such a large buffer:
+
+ /* Guard against integer overflow */
+ if (height > PNG_SIZE_MAX/(width*pixel_size)) {
+ png_error(png_ptr,"image_data buffer would be too large");
+ }
+
+ png_bytep buffer=png_malloc(png_ptr,height*width*pixel_size);
+
+ for (int i=0; i<height, i++)
+ row_pointers[i]=buffer+i*width*pixel_size;
+
+ png_set_rows(png_ptr, info_ptr, &row_pointers);
If you use png_set_rows(), the application is responsible for freeing
row_pointers (and row_pointers[i], if they were separately allocated).
If you don't allocate row_pointers ahead of time, png_read_png() will
-do it, and it'll be free'ed when you call png_destroy_*().
+do it, and it'll be free'ed by libpng when you call png_destroy_*().
.SS The low-level read interface
@@ -1336,6 +1751,22 @@ call to png_read_info().
This will process all chunks up to but not including the image data.
+This also copies some of the data from the PNG file into the decode structure
+for use in later transformations. Important information copied in is:
+
+1) The PNG file gamma from the gAMA chunk. This overwrites the default value
+provided by an earlier call to png_set_gamma or png_set_alpha_mode.
+
+2) Prior to libpng-1.5.4 the background color from a bKGd chunk. This
+damages the information provided by an earlier call to png_set_background
+resulting in unexpected behavior. Libpng-1.5.4 no longer does this.
+
+3) The number of significant bits in each component value. Libpng uses this to
+optimize gamma handling by reducing the internal lookup table sizes.
+
+4) The transparent color information from a tRNS chunk. This can be modified by
+a later call to png_set_tRNS.
+
.SS Querying the info structure
Functions are used to get the information from the info_ptr once it
@@ -1348,13 +1779,16 @@ in until png_read_end() has read the chunk data following the image.
width - holds the width of the image
in pixels (up to 2^31).
+
height - holds the height of the image
in pixels (up to 2^31).
+
bit_depth - holds the bit depth of one of the
image channels. (valid values are
1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and depend also on
the color_type. See also
significant bits (sBIT) below).
+
color_type - describes which color/alpha channels
are present.
PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY
@@ -1372,51 +1806,68 @@ in until png_read_end() has read the chunk data following the image.
PNG_COLOR_MASK_COLOR
PNG_COLOR_MASK_ALPHA
+ interlace_type - (PNG_INTERLACE_NONE or
+ PNG_INTERLACE_ADAM7)
+
+ compression_type - (must be PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_BASE
+ for PNG 1.0)
+
filter_method - (must be PNG_FILTER_TYPE_BASE
for PNG 1.0, and can also be
PNG_INTRAPIXEL_DIFFERENCING if
the PNG datastream is embedded in
a MNG-1.0 datastream)
- compression_type - (must be PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_BASE
- for PNG 1.0)
- interlace_type - (PNG_INTERLACE_NONE or
- PNG_INTERLACE_ADAM7)
- Any or all of interlace_type, compression_type, or
- filter_method can be NULL if you are
- not interested in their values.
+ Any of width, height, color_type, bit_depth,
+ interlace_type, compression_type, or filter_method can
+ be NULL if you are not interested in their values.
Note that png_get_IHDR() returns 32-bit data into
the application's width and height variables.
- This is an unsafe situation if these are 16-bit
+ This is an unsafe situation if these are not png_uint_32
variables. In such situations, the
png_get_image_width() and png_get_image_height()
functions described below are safer.
width = png_get_image_width(png_ptr,
info_ptr);
+
height = png_get_image_height(png_ptr,
info_ptr);
+
bit_depth = png_get_bit_depth(png_ptr,
info_ptr);
+
color_type = png_get_color_type(png_ptr,
info_ptr);
- filter_method = png_get_filter_type(png_ptr,
+
+ interlace_type = png_get_interlace_type(png_ptr,
info_ptr);
+
compression_type = png_get_compression_type(png_ptr,
info_ptr);
- interlace_type = png_get_interlace_type(png_ptr,
+
+ filter_method = png_get_filter_type(png_ptr,
info_ptr);
channels = png_get_channels(png_ptr, info_ptr);
+
channels - number of channels of info for the
color type (valid values are 1 (GRAY,
PALETTE), 2 (GRAY_ALPHA), 3 (RGB),
4 (RGB_ALPHA or RGB + filler byte))
+
rowbytes = png_get_rowbytes(png_ptr, info_ptr);
+
rowbytes - number of bytes needed to hold a row
+ This value, the bit_depth, color_type,
+ and the number of channels can change
+ if you use transforms such as
+ png_set_expand(). See
+ png_read_update_info(), below.
signature = png_get_signature(png_ptr, info_ptr);
+
signature - holds the signature read from the
file (if any). The data is kept in
the same offset it would be if the
@@ -1434,18 +1885,62 @@ data has been read, or zero if it is missing. The parameters to the
png_get_<chunk> are set directly if they are simple data types, or a
pointer into the info_ptr is returned for any complex types.
+The colorspace data from gAMA, cHRM, sRGB, iCCP, and sBIT chunks
+is simply returned to give the application information about how the
+image was encoded. Libpng itself only does transformations using the file
+gamma when combining semitransparent pixels with the background color, and,
+since libpng-1.6.0, when converting between 8-bit sRGB and 16-bit linear pixels
+within the simplified API. Libpng also uses the file gamma when converting
+RGB to gray, beginning with libpng-1.0.5, if the application calls
+png_set_rgb_to_gray()).
+
png_get_PLTE(png_ptr, info_ptr, &palette,
&num_palette);
+
palette - the palette for the file
(array of png_color)
+
num_palette - number of entries in the palette
- png_get_gAMA(png_ptr, info_ptr, &gamma);
- gamma - the gamma the file is written
- at (PNG_INFO_gAMA)
+ png_get_gAMA(png_ptr, info_ptr, &file_gamma);
+ png_get_gAMA_fixed(png_ptr, info_ptr, &int_file_gamma);
+
+ file_gamma - the gamma at which the file is
+ written (PNG_INFO_gAMA)
+
+ int_file_gamma - 100,000 times the gamma at which the
+ file is written
+
+ png_get_cHRM(png_ptr, info_ptr, &white_x, &white_y, &red_x,
+ &red_y, &green_x, &green_y, &blue_x, &blue_y)
+ png_get_cHRM_XYZ(png_ptr, info_ptr, &red_X, &red_Y, &red_Z,
+ &green_X, &green_Y, &green_Z, &blue_X, &blue_Y,
+ &blue_Z)
+ png_get_cHRM_fixed(png_ptr, info_ptr, &int_white_x,
+ &int_white_y, &int_red_x, &int_red_y,
+ &int_green_x, &int_green_y, &int_blue_x,
+ &int_blue_y)
+ png_get_cHRM_XYZ_fixed(png_ptr, info_ptr, &int_red_X, &int_red_Y,
+ &int_red_Z, &int_green_X, &int_green_Y,
+ &int_green_Z, &int_blue_X, &int_blue_Y,
+ &int_blue_Z)
+
+ {white,red,green,blue}_{x,y}
+ A color space encoding specified using the
+ chromaticities of the end points and the
+ white point. (PNG_INFO_cHRM)
+
+ {red,green,blue}_{X,Y,Z}
+ A color space encoding specified using the
+ encoding end points - the CIE tristimulus
+ specification of the intended color of the red,
+ green and blue channels in the PNG RGB data.
+ The white point is simply the sum of the three
+ end points. (PNG_INFO_cHRM)
png_get_sRGB(png_ptr, info_ptr, &srgb_intent);
- srgb_intent - the rendering intent (PNG_INFO_sRGB)
+
+ srgb_intent - the rendering intent (PNG_INFO_sRGB)
The presence of the sRGB chunk
means that the pixel data is in the
sRGB color space. This chunk also
@@ -1454,75 +1949,108 @@ pointer into the info_ptr is returned for any complex types.
png_get_iCCP(png_ptr, info_ptr, &name,
&compression_type, &profile, &proflen);
- name - The profile name.
- compression - The compression type; always
- PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_BASE for PNG 1.0.
- You may give NULL to this argument to
- ignore it.
- profile - International Color Consortium color
- profile data. May contain NULs.
- proflen - length of profile data in bytes.
+
+ name - The profile name.
+
+ compression_type - The compression type; always
+ PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_BASE for PNG 1.0.
+ You may give NULL to this argument to
+ ignore it.
+
+ profile - International Color Consortium color
+ profile data. May contain NULs.
+
+ proflen - length of profile data in bytes.
png_get_sBIT(png_ptr, info_ptr, &sig_bit);
+
sig_bit - the number of significant bits for
(PNG_INFO_sBIT) each of the gray,
red, green, and blue channels,
whichever are appropriate for the
given color type (png_color_16)
- png_get_tRNS(png_ptr, info_ptr, &trans, &num_trans,
- &trans_values);
- trans - array of transparent
+ png_get_tRNS(png_ptr, info_ptr, &trans_alpha,
+ &num_trans, &trans_color);
+
+ trans_alpha - array of alpha (transparency)
entries for palette (PNG_INFO_tRNS)
- trans_values - graylevel or color sample values of
- the single transparent color for
- non-paletted images (PNG_INFO_tRNS)
+
num_trans - number of transparent entries
(PNG_INFO_tRNS)
+ trans_color - graylevel or color sample values of
+ the single transparent color for
+ non-paletted images (PNG_INFO_tRNS)
+
+ png_get_eXIf_1(png_ptr, info_ptr, &num_exif, &exif);
+ (PNG_INFO_eXIf)
+
+ exif - Exif profile (array of png_byte)
+
png_get_hIST(png_ptr, info_ptr, &hist);
(PNG_INFO_hIST)
+
hist - histogram of palette (array of
png_uint_16)
png_get_tIME(png_ptr, info_ptr, &mod_time);
+
mod_time - time image was last modified
(PNG_VALID_tIME)
png_get_bKGD(png_ptr, info_ptr, &background);
- background - background color (PNG_VALID_bKGD)
+
+ background - background color (of type
+ png_color_16p) (PNG_VALID_bKGD)
valid 16-bit red, green and blue
values, regardless of color_type
num_comments = png_get_text(png_ptr, info_ptr,
&text_ptr, &num_text);
+
num_comments - number of comments
+
text_ptr - array of png_text holding image
comments
+
text_ptr[i].compression - type of compression used
on "text" PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_NONE
PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_zTXt
PNG_ITXT_COMPRESSION_NONE
PNG_ITXT_COMPRESSION_zTXt
+
text_ptr[i].key - keyword for comment. Must contain
1-79 characters.
+
text_ptr[i].text - text comments for current
keyword. Can be empty.
+
text_ptr[i].text_length - length of text string,
after decompression, 0 for iTXt
+
text_ptr[i].itxt_length - length of itxt string,
after decompression, 0 for tEXt/zTXt
+
text_ptr[i].lang - language of comment (empty
string for unknown).
+
text_ptr[i].lang_key - keyword in UTF-8
(empty string for unknown).
+
Note that the itxt_length, lang, and lang_key
- members of the text_ptr structure only exist
- when the library is built with iTXt chunk support.
+ members of the text_ptr structure only exist when the
+ library is built with iTXt chunk support. Prior to
+ libpng-1.4.0 the library was built by default without
+ iTXt support. Also note that when iTXt is supported,
+ they contain NULL pointers when the "compression"
+ field contains PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_NONE or
+ PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_zTXt.
num_text - number of comments (same as
num_comments; you can put NULL here
to avoid the duplication)
+
Note while png_set_text() will accept text, language,
and translated keywords that can be NULL pointers, the
structure returned by png_get_text will always contain
@@ -1531,90 +2059,137 @@ pointer into the info_ptr is returned for any complex types.
num_spalettes = png_get_sPLT(png_ptr, info_ptr,
&palette_ptr);
+
+ num_spalettes - number of sPLT chunks read.
+
palette_ptr - array of palette structures holding
contents of one or more sPLT chunks
read.
- num_spalettes - number of sPLT chunks read.
png_get_oFFs(png_ptr, info_ptr, &offset_x, &offset_y,
&unit_type);
+
offset_x - positive offset from the left edge
- of the screen
+ of the screen (can be negative)
+
offset_y - positive offset from the top edge
- of the screen
+ of the screen (can be negative)
+
unit_type - PNG_OFFSET_PIXEL, PNG_OFFSET_MICROMETER
png_get_pHYs(png_ptr, info_ptr, &res_x, &res_y,
&unit_type);
+
res_x - pixels/unit physical resolution in
x direction
+
res_y - pixels/unit physical resolution in
x direction
+
unit_type - PNG_RESOLUTION_UNKNOWN,
PNG_RESOLUTION_METER
png_get_sCAL(png_ptr, info_ptr, &unit, &width,
&height)
+
unit - physical scale units (an integer)
+
width - width of a pixel in physical scale units
+
height - height of a pixel in physical scale units
(width and height are doubles)
png_get_sCAL_s(png_ptr, info_ptr, &unit, &width,
&height)
+
unit - physical scale units (an integer)
+
width - width of a pixel in physical scale units
+ (expressed as a string)
+
height - height of a pixel in physical scale units
(width and height are strings like "2.54")
num_unknown_chunks = png_get_unknown_chunks(png_ptr,
info_ptr, &unknowns)
+
unknowns - array of png_unknown_chunk
structures holding unknown chunks
+
unknowns[i].name - name of unknown chunk
+
unknowns[i].data - data of unknown chunk
+
unknowns[i].size - size of unknown chunk's data
+
unknowns[i].location - position of chunk in file
The value of "i" corresponds to the order in which the
chunks were read from the PNG file or inserted with the
png_set_unknown_chunks() function.
+ The value of "location" is a bitwise "or" of
+
+ PNG_HAVE_IHDR (0x01)
+ PNG_HAVE_PLTE (0x02)
+ PNG_AFTER_IDAT (0x08)
+
The data from the pHYs chunk can be retrieved in several convenient
forms:
res_x = png_get_x_pixels_per_meter(png_ptr,
info_ptr)
+
res_y = png_get_y_pixels_per_meter(png_ptr,
info_ptr)
+
res_x_and_y = png_get_pixels_per_meter(png_ptr,
info_ptr)
+
res_x = png_get_x_pixels_per_inch(png_ptr,
info_ptr)
+
res_y = png_get_y_pixels_per_inch(png_ptr,
info_ptr)
+
res_x_and_y = png_get_pixels_per_inch(png_ptr,
info_ptr)
+
aspect_ratio = png_get_pixel_aspect_ratio(png_ptr,
info_ptr)
- (Each of these returns 0 [signifying "unknown"] if
+ Each of these returns 0 [signifying "unknown"] if
the data is not present or if res_x is 0;
- res_x_and_y is 0 if res_x != res_y)
+ res_x_and_y is 0 if res_x != res_y
+
+ Note that because of the way the resolutions are
+ stored internally, the inch conversions won't
+ come out to exactly even number. For example,
+ 72 dpi is stored as 0.28346 pixels/meter, and
+ when this is retrieved it is 71.9988 dpi, so
+ be sure to round the returned value appropriately
+ if you want to display a reasonable-looking result.
The data from the oFFs chunk can be retrieved in several convenient
forms:
x_offset = png_get_x_offset_microns(png_ptr, info_ptr);
+
y_offset = png_get_y_offset_microns(png_ptr, info_ptr);
+
x_offset = png_get_x_offset_inches(png_ptr, info_ptr);
+
y_offset = png_get_y_offset_inches(png_ptr, info_ptr);
- (Each of these returns 0 [signifying "unknown" if both
+ Each of these returns 0 [signifying "unknown" if both
x and y are 0] if the data is not present or if the
- chunk is present but the unit is the pixel)
+ chunk is present but the unit is the pixel. The
+ remark about inexact inch conversions applies here
+ as well, because a value in inches can't always be
+ converted to microns and back without some loss
+ of precision.
-For more information, see the png_info definition in png.h and the
+For more information, see the
PNG specification for chunk contents. Be careful with trusting
rowbytes, as some of the transformations could increase the space
needed to hold a row (expand, filler, gray_to_rgb, etc.).
@@ -1649,32 +2224,36 @@ to handle any special transformations of the image data. The various
ways to transform the data will be described in the order that they
should occur. This is important, as some of these change the color
type and/or bit depth of the data, and some others only work on
-certain color types and bit depths. Even though each transformation
-checks to see if it has data that it can do something with, you should
-make sure to only enable a transformation if it will be valid for the
-data. For example, don't swap red and blue on grayscale data.
+certain color types and bit depths.
+
+Transformations you request are ignored if they don't have any meaning for a
+particular input data format. However some transformations can have an effect
+as a result of a previous transformation. If you specify a contradictory set of
+transformations, for example both adding and removing the alpha channel, you
+cannot predict the final result.
-The colors used for the background and transparency values should be
-supplied in the same format/depth as the current image data. They
-are stored in the same format/depth as the image data in a bKGD or tRNS
-chunk, so this is what libpng expects for this data. The colors are
-transformed to keep in sync with the image data when an application
-calls the png_read_update_info() routine (see below).
+The color used for the transparency values should be supplied in the same
+format/depth as the current image data. It is stored in the same format/depth
+as the image data in a tRNS chunk, so this is what libpng expects for this data.
+
+The color used for the background value depends on the need_expand argument as
+described below.
Data will be decoded into the supplied row buffers packed into bytes
unless the library has been told to transform it into another format.
For example, 4 bit/pixel paletted or grayscale data will be returned
-2 pixels/byte with the leftmost pixel in the high-order bits of the
-byte, unless png_set_packing() is called. 8-bit RGB data will be stored
+2 pixels/byte with the leftmost pixel in the high-order bits of the byte,
+unless png_set_packing() is called. 8-bit RGB data will be stored
in RGB RGB RGB format unless png_set_filler() or png_set_add_alpha()
is called to insert filler bytes, either before or after each RGB triplet.
+
16-bit RGB data will be returned RRGGBB RRGGBB, with the most significant
-byte of the color value first, unless png_set_strip_16() is called to
+byte of the color value first, unless png_set_scale_16() is called to
transform it to regular RGB RGB triplets, or png_set_filler() or
-png_set_add alpha() is called to insert filler bytes, either before or
-after each RRGGBB triplet. Similarly, 8-bit or 16-bit grayscale data can
-be modified with
-png_set_filler(), png_set_add_alpha(), or png_set_strip_16().
+png_set_add alpha() is called to insert two filler bytes, either before
+or after each RRGGBB triplet. Similarly, 8-bit or 16-bit grayscale data can
+be modified with png_set_filler(), png_set_add_alpha(), png_set_strip_16(),
+or png_set_scale_16().
The following code transforms grayscale images of less than 8 to 8 bits,
changes paletted images to RGB, and adds a full alpha channel if there is
@@ -1685,13 +2264,13 @@ viewing application that wishes to treat all images in the same way.
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_PALETTE)
png_set_palette_to_rgb(png_ptr);
- if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY &&
- bit_depth < 8) png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8(png_ptr);
-
if (png_get_valid(png_ptr, info_ptr,
PNG_INFO_tRNS)) png_set_tRNS_to_alpha(png_ptr);
-These three functions are actually aliases for png_set_expand(), added
+ if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY &&
+ bit_depth < 8) png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8(png_ptr);
+
+The first two functions are actually aliases for png_set_expand(), added
in libpng version 1.0.4, with the function names expanded to improve code
readability. In some future version they may actually do different
things.
@@ -1699,56 +2278,93 @@ things.
As of libpng version 1.2.9, png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8() was
added. It expands the sample depth without changing tRNS to alpha.
-As of libpng version 1.2.44, not all possible expansions are supported.
+As of libpng version 1.5.2, png_set_expand_16() was added. It behaves as
+png_set_expand(); however, the resultant channels have 16 bits rather than 8.
+Use this when the output color or gray channels are made linear to avoid fairly
+severe accuracy loss.
+
+ if (bit_depth < 16)
+ png_set_expand_16(png_ptr);
+
+PNG can have files with 16 bits per channel. If you only can handle
+8 bits per channel, this will strip the pixels down to 8-bit.
+
+ if (bit_depth == 16)
+#if PNG_LIBPNG_VER >= 10504
+ png_set_scale_16(png_ptr);
+#else
+ png_set_strip_16(png_ptr);
+#endif
+
+(The more accurate "png_set_scale_16()" API became available in libpng version
+1.5.4).
+
+If you need to process the alpha channel on the image separately from the image
+data (for example if you convert it to a bitmap mask) it is possible to have
+libpng strip the channel leaving just RGB or gray data:
+
+ if (color_type & PNG_COLOR_MASK_ALPHA)
+ png_set_strip_alpha(png_ptr);
+
+If you strip the alpha channel you need to find some other way of dealing with
+the information. If, instead, you want to convert the image to an opaque
+version with no alpha channel use png_set_background; see below.
+
+As of libpng version 1.5.2, almost all useful expansions are supported, the
+major ommissions are conversion of grayscale to indexed images (which can be
+done trivially in the application) and conversion of indexed to grayscale (which
+can be done by a trivial manipulation of the palette.)
In the following table, the 01 means grayscale with depth<8, 31 means
indexed with depth<8, other numerals represent the color type, "T" means
the tRNS chunk is present, A means an alpha channel is present, and O
means tRNS or alpha is present but all pixels in the image are opaque.
- FROM 01 31 0 0T 0O 2 2T 2O 3 3T 3O 4A 4O 6A 6O
+ FROM 01 31 0 0T 0O 2 2T 2O 3 3T 3O 4A 4O 6A 6O
TO
- 01 -
- 31 -
- 0 1 -
- 0T -
- 0O -
- 2 GX -
- 2T -
- 2O -
- 3 1 -
- 3T -
- 3O -
- 4A T -
- 4O -
- 6A GX TX TX -
- 6O GX TX -
+ 01 - [G] - - - - - - - - - - - - -
+ 31 [Q] Q [Q] [Q] [Q] Q Q Q Q Q Q [Q] [Q] Q Q
+ 0 1 G + . . G G G G G G B B GB GB
+ 0T lt Gt t + . Gt G G Gt G G Bt Bt GBt GBt
+ 0O lt Gt t . + Gt Gt G Gt Gt G Bt Bt GBt GBt
+ 2 C P C C C + . . C - - CB CB B B
+ 2T Ct - Ct C C t + t - - - CBt CBt Bt Bt
+ 2O Ct - Ct C C t t + - - - CBt CBt Bt Bt
+ 3 [Q] p [Q] [Q] [Q] Q Q Q + . . [Q] [Q] Q Q
+ 3T [Qt] p [Qt][Q] [Q] Qt Qt Qt t + t [Qt][Qt] Qt Qt
+ 3O [Qt] p [Qt][Q] [Q] Qt Qt Qt t t + [Qt][Qt] Qt Qt
+ 4A lA G A T T GA GT GT GA GT GT + BA G GBA
+ 4O lA GBA A T T GA GT GT GA GT GT BA + GBA G
+ 6A CA PA CA C C A T tT PA P P C CBA + BA
+ 6O CA PBA CA C C A tT T PA P P CBA C BA +
Within the matrix,
+ "+" identifies entries where 'from' and 'to' are the same.
"-" means the transformation is not supported.
+ "." means nothing is necessary (a tRNS chunk can just be ignored).
+ "t" means the transformation is obtained by png_set_tRNS.
+ "A" means the transformation is obtained by png_set_add_alpha().
"X" means the transformation is obtained by png_set_expand().
"1" means the transformation is obtained by
- png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8
- "G" means the transformation is obtained by
- png_set_gray_to_rgb().
+ png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8() (and by png_set_expand()
+ if there is no transparency in the original or the final
+ format).
+ "C" means the transformation is obtained by png_set_gray_to_rgb().
+ "G" means the transformation is obtained by png_set_rgb_to_gray().
"P" means the transformation is obtained by
png_set_expand_palette_to_rgb().
+ "p" means the transformation is obtained by png_set_packing().
+ "Q" means the transformation is obtained by png_set_quantize().
"T" means the transformation is obtained by
png_set_tRNS_to_alpha().
+ "B" means the transformation is obtained by
+ png_set_background(), or png_strip_alpha().
-PNG can have files with 16 bits per channel. If you only can handle
-8 bits per channel, this will strip the pixels down to 8 bit.
-
- if (bit_depth == 16)
- png_set_strip_16(png_ptr);
-
-If, for some reason, you don't need the alpha channel on an image,
-and you want to remove it rather than combining it with the background
-(but the image author certainly had in mind that you *would* combine
-it with the background, so that's what you should probably do):
-
- if (color_type & PNG_COLOR_MASK_ALPHA)
- png_set_strip_alpha(png_ptr);
+When an entry has multiple transforms listed all are required to cause the
+right overall transformation. When two transforms are separated by a comma
+either will do the job. When transforms are enclosed in [] the transform should
+do the job but this is currently unimplemented - a different format will result
+if the suggested transformations are used.
In PNG files, the alpha channel in an image
is the level of opacity. If you need the alpha channel in an image to
@@ -1759,22 +2375,13 @@ images) is fully transparent, with
png_set_invert_alpha(png_ptr);
-The PNG format only supports pixels with postmultiplied alpha.
-If you want to replace the pixels, after reading them, with pixels
-that have premultiplied color samples, you can do this with
-
- png_set_premultiply_alpha(png_ptr);
-
-If you do this, any input with a tRNS chunk will be expanded to
-have an alpha channel.
-
PNG files pack pixels of bit depths 1, 2, and 4 into bytes as small as
they can, resulting in, for example, 8 pixels per byte for 1 bit
files. This code expands to 1 pixel per byte without changing the
values of the pixels:
if (bit_depth < 8)
- png_set_packing(png_ptr);
+ png_set_packing(png_ptr);
PNG files have possible bit depths of 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16. All pixels
stored in a PNG image have been "scaled" or "shifted" up to the next
@@ -1786,217 +2393,201 @@ image. This call reduces the pixels back down to the original bit depth:
png_color_8p sig_bit;
if (png_get_sBIT(png_ptr, info_ptr, &sig_bit))
- png_set_shift(png_ptr, sig_bit);
+ png_set_shift(png_ptr, sig_bit);
PNG files store 3-color pixels in red, green, blue order. This code
changes the storage of the pixels to blue, green, red:
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB ||
color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB_ALPHA)
- png_set_bgr(png_ptr);
+ png_set_bgr(png_ptr);
PNG files store RGB pixels packed into 3 or 6 bytes. This code expands them
into 4 or 8 bytes for windowing systems that need them in this format:
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB)
- png_set_filler(png_ptr, filler, PNG_FILLER_BEFORE);
+ png_set_filler(png_ptr, filler, PNG_FILLER_BEFORE);
-where "filler" is the 8 or 16-bit number to fill with, and the location is
-either PNG_FILLER_BEFORE or PNG_FILLER_AFTER, depending upon whether
-you want the filler before the RGB or after. This transformation
-does not affect images that already have full alpha channels. To add an
-opaque alpha channel, use filler=0xff or 0xffff and PNG_FILLER_AFTER which
-will generate RGBA pixels.
+where "filler" is the 8-bit or 16-bit number to fill with, and the location
+is either PNG_FILLER_BEFORE or PNG_FILLER_AFTER, depending upon whether
+you want the filler before the RGB or after. When filling an 8-bit pixel,
+the least significant 8 bits of the number are used, if a 16-bit number is
+supplied. This transformation does not affect images that already have full
+alpha channels. To add an opaque alpha channel, use filler=0xffff and
+PNG_FILLER_AFTER which will generate RGBA pixels.
Note that png_set_filler() does not change the color type. If you want
to do that, you can add a true alpha channel with
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB ||
- color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY)
- png_set_add_alpha(png_ptr, filler, PNG_FILLER_AFTER);
+ color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY)
+ png_set_add_alpha(png_ptr, filler, PNG_FILLER_AFTER);
where "filler" contains the alpha value to assign to each pixel.
-This function was added in libpng-1.2.7.
+The png_set_add_alpha() function was added in libpng-1.2.7.
If you are reading an image with an alpha channel, and you need the
data as ARGB instead of the normal PNG format RGBA:
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB_ALPHA)
- png_set_swap_alpha(png_ptr);
+ png_set_swap_alpha(png_ptr);
For some uses, you may want a grayscale image to be represented as
RGB. This code will do that conversion:
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY ||
color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY_ALPHA)
- png_set_gray_to_rgb(png_ptr);
+ png_set_gray_to_rgb(png_ptr);
Conversely, you can convert an RGB or RGBA image to grayscale or grayscale
with alpha.
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB ||
color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB_ALPHA)
- png_set_rgb_to_gray_fixed(png_ptr, error_action,
- int red_weight, int green_weight);
+ png_set_rgb_to_gray(png_ptr, error_action,
+ double red_weight, double green_weight);
error_action = 1: silently do the conversion
+
error_action = 2: issue a warning if the original
image has any pixel where
red != green or red != blue
+
error_action = 3: issue an error and abort the
conversion if the original
image has any pixel where
red != green or red != blue
- red_weight: weight of red component times 100000
- green_weight: weight of green component times 100000
+ red_weight: weight of red component
+
+ green_weight: weight of green component
If either weight is negative, default
- weights (21268, 71514) are used.
+ weights are used.
+
+In the corresponding fixed point API the red_weight and green_weight values are
+simply scaled by 100,000:
+
+ png_set_rgb_to_gray(png_ptr, error_action,
+ png_fixed_point red_weight,
+ png_fixed_point green_weight);
If you have set error_action = 1 or 2, you can
later check whether the image really was gray, after processing
the image rows, with the png_get_rgb_to_gray_status(png_ptr) function.
It will return a png_byte that is zero if the image was gray or
-1 if there were any non-gray pixels. bKGD and sBIT data
+1 if there were any non-gray pixels. Background and sBIT data
will be silently converted to grayscale, using the green channel
-data, regardless of the error_action setting.
+data for sBIT, regardless of the error_action setting.
-With red_weight+green_weight<=100000,
-the normalized graylevel is computed:
+The default values come from the PNG file cHRM chunk if present; otherwise, the
+defaults correspond to the ITU-R recommendation 709, and also the sRGB color
+space, as recommended in the Charles Poynton's Colour FAQ,
+Copyright (c) 2006-11-28 Charles Poynton, in section 9:
- int rw = red_weight * 65536;
- int gw = green_weight * 65536;
- int bw = 65536 - (rw + gw);
- gray = (rw*red + gw*green + bw*blue)/65536;
+<http://www.poynton.com/notes/colour_and_gamma/ColorFAQ.html#RTFToC9>
-The default values approximate those recommended in the Charles
-Poynton's Color FAQ, <http://www.inforamp.net/~poynton/>
-Copyright (c) 1998-01-04 Charles Poynton <poynton at inforamp.net>
+ Y = 0.2126 * R + 0.7152 * G + 0.0722 * B
- Y = 0.212671 * R + 0.715160 * G + 0.072169 * B
-
-Libpng approximates this with
+Previous versions of this document, 1998 through 2002, recommended a slightly
+different formula:
- Y = 0.21268 * R + 0.7151 * G + 0.07217 * B
+ Y = 0.212671 * R + 0.715160 * G + 0.072169 * B
-which can be expressed with integers as
+Libpng uses an integer approximation:
- Y = (6969 * R + 23434 * G + 2365 * B)/32768
+ Y = (6968 * R + 23434 * G + 2366 * B)/32768
The calculation is done in a linear colorspace, if the image gamma
-is known.
+can be determined.
-If you have a grayscale and you are using png_set_expand_depth(),
-png_set_expand(), or png_set_gray_to_rgb to change to truecolor or to
-a higher bit-depth, you must either supply the background color as a gray
-value at the original file bit-depth (need_expand = 1) or else supply the
-background color as an RGB triplet at the final, expanded bit depth
-(need_expand = 0). Similarly, if you are reading a paletted image, you
-must either supply the background color as a palette index (need_expand = 1)
-or as an RGB triplet that may or may not be in the palette (need_expand = 0).
+The png_set_background() function has been described already; it tells libpng to
+composite images with alpha or simple transparency against the supplied
+background color. For compatibility with versions of libpng earlier than
+libpng-1.5.4 it is recommended that you call the function after reading the file
+header, even if you don't want to use the color in a bKGD chunk, if one exists.
+
+If the PNG file contains a bKGD chunk (PNG_INFO_bKGD valid),
+you may use this color, or supply another color more suitable for
+the current display (e.g., the background color from a web page). You
+need to tell libpng how the color is represented, both the format of the
+component values in the color (the number of bits) and the gamma encoding of the
+color. The function takes two arguments, background_gamma_mode and need_expand
+to convey this information; however, only two combinations are likely to be
+useful:
png_color_16 my_background;
png_color_16p image_background;
if (png_get_bKGD(png_ptr, info_ptr, &image_background))
- png_set_background(png_ptr, image_background,
- PNG_BACKGROUND_GAMMA_FILE, 1, 1.0);
+ png_set_background(png_ptr, image_background,
+ PNG_BACKGROUND_GAMMA_FILE, 1/*needs to be expanded*/, 1);
else
- png_set_background(png_ptr, &my_background,
- PNG_BACKGROUND_GAMMA_SCREEN, 0, 1.0);
+ png_set_background(png_ptr, &my_background,
+ PNG_BACKGROUND_GAMMA_SCREEN, 0/*do not expand*/, 1);
+
+The second call was described above - my_background is in the format of the
+final, display, output produced by libpng. Because you now know the format of
+the PNG it is possible to avoid the need to choose either 8-bit or 16-bit
+output and to retain palette images (the palette colors will be modified
+appropriately and the tRNS chunk removed.) However, if you are doing this,
+take great care not to ask for transformations without checking first that
+they apply!
+
+In the first call the background color has the original bit depth and color type
+of the PNG file. So, for palette images the color is supplied as a palette
+index and for low bit greyscale images the color is a reduced bit value in
+image_background->gray.
+
+If you didn't call png_set_gamma() before reading the file header, for example
+if you need your code to remain compatible with older versions of libpng prior
+to libpng-1.5.4, this is the place to call it.
+
+Do not call it if you called png_set_alpha_mode(); doing so will damage the
+settings put in place by png_set_alpha_mode(). (If png_set_alpha_mode() is
+supported then you can certainly do png_set_gamma() before reading the PNG
+header.)
+
+This API unconditionally sets the screen and file gamma values, so it will
+override the value in the PNG file unless it is called before the PNG file
+reading starts. For this reason you must always call it with the PNG file
+value when you call it in this position:
+
+ if (png_get_gAMA(png_ptr, info_ptr, &file_gamma))
+ png_set_gamma(png_ptr, screen_gamma, file_gamma);
-The png_set_background() function tells libpng to composite images
-with alpha or simple transparency against the supplied background
-color. If the PNG file contains a bKGD chunk (PNG_INFO_bKGD valid),
-you may use this color, or supply another color more suitable for
-the current display (e.g., the background color from a web page). You
-need to tell libpng whether the color is in the gamma space of the
-display (PNG_BACKGROUND_GAMMA_SCREEN for colors you supply), the file
-(PNG_BACKGROUND_GAMMA_FILE for colors from the bKGD chunk), or one
-that is neither of these gammas (PNG_BACKGROUND_GAMMA_UNIQUE - I don't
-know why anyone would use this, but it's here).
-
-To properly display PNG images on any kind of system, the application needs
-to know what the display gamma is. Ideally, the user will know this, and
-the application will allow them to set it. One method of allowing the user
-to set the display gamma separately for each system is to check for a
-SCREEN_GAMMA or DISPLAY_GAMMA environment variable, which will hopefully be
-correctly set.
-
-Note that display_gamma is the overall gamma correction required to produce
-pleasing results, which depends on the lighting conditions in the surrounding
-environment. In a dim or brightly lit room, no compensation other than
-the physical gamma exponent of the monitor is needed, while in a dark room
-a slightly smaller exponent is better.
-
- double gamma, screen_gamma;
-
- if (/* We have a user-defined screen
- gamma value */)
- {
- screen_gamma = user_defined_screen_gamma;
- }
- /* One way that applications can share the same
- screen gamma value */
- else if ((gamma_str = getenv("SCREEN_GAMMA"))
- != NULL)
- {
- screen_gamma = (double)atof(gamma_str);
- }
- /* If we don't have another value */
- else
- {
- screen_gamma = 2.2; /* A good guess for a
- PC monitor in a bright office or a dim room */
- screen_gamma = 2.0; /* A good guess for a
- PC monitor in a dark room */
- screen_gamma = 1.7 or 1.0; /* A good
- guess for Mac systems */
- }
-
-The png_set_gamma() function handles gamma transformations of the data.
-Pass both the file gamma and the current screen_gamma. If the file does
-not have a gamma value, you can pass one anyway if you have an idea what
-it is (usually 0.45455 is a good guess for GIF images on PCs). Note
-that file gammas are inverted from screen gammas. See the discussions
-on gamma in the PNG specification for an excellent description of what
-gamma is, and why all applications should support it. It is strongly
-recommended that PNG viewers support gamma correction.
-
- if (png_get_gAMA(png_ptr, info_ptr, &gamma))
- png_set_gamma(png_ptr, screen_gamma, gamma);
else
png_set_gamma(png_ptr, screen_gamma, 0.45455);
If you need to reduce an RGB file to a paletted file, or if a paletted
-file has more entries then will fit on your screen, png_set_dither()
-will do that. Note that this is a simple match dither that merely
+file has more entries than will fit on your screen, png_set_quantize()
+will do that. Note that this is a simple match quantization that merely
finds the closest color available. This should work fairly well with
-optimized palettes, and fairly badly with linear color cubes. If you
-pass a palette that is larger then maximum_colors, the file will
+optimized palettes, but fairly badly with linear color cubes. If you
+pass a palette that is larger than maximum_colors, the file will
reduce the number of colors in the palette so it will fit into
-maximum_colors. If there is a histogram, it will use it to make
+maximum_colors. If there is a histogram, libpng will use it to make
more intelligent choices when reducing the palette. If there is no
histogram, it may not do as good a job.
if (color_type & PNG_COLOR_MASK_COLOR)
{
if (png_get_valid(png_ptr, info_ptr,
- PNG_INFO_PLTE))
+ PNG_INFO_PLTE))
{
png_uint_16p histogram = NULL;
png_get_hIST(png_ptr, info_ptr,
- &histogram);
- png_set_dither(png_ptr, palette, num_palette,
+ &histogram);
+ png_set_quantize(png_ptr, palette, num_palette,
max_screen_colors, histogram, 1);
}
+
else
{
png_color std_color_cube[MAX_SCREEN_COLORS] =
{ ... colors ... };
- png_set_dither(png_ptr, std_color_cube,
+ png_set_quantize(png_ptr, std_color_cube,
MAX_SCREEN_COLORS, MAX_SCREEN_COLORS,
NULL,0);
}
@@ -2012,16 +2603,16 @@ zero):
This function can also be used to invert grayscale and gray-alpha images:
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY ||
- color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY_ALPHA)
+ color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY_ALPHA)
png_set_invert_mono(png_ptr);
-PNG files store 16 bit pixels in network byte order (big-endian,
+PNG files store 16-bit pixels in network byte order (big-endian,
ie. most significant bits first). This code changes the storage to the
other way (little-endian, i.e. least significant bits first, the
way PCs store them):
if (bit_depth == 16)
- png_set_swap(png_ptr);
+ png_set_swap(png_ptr);
If you are using packed-pixel images (1, 2, or 4 bits/pixel), and you
need to change the order the pixels are packed into bytes, you can use:
@@ -2034,15 +2625,36 @@ the existing ones meets your needs. This is done by setting a callback
with
png_set_read_user_transform_fn(png_ptr,
- read_transform_fn);
+ read_transform_fn);
You must supply the function
- void read_transform_fn(png_ptr ptr, row_info_ptr
- row_info, png_bytep data)
+ void read_transform_fn(png_structp png_ptr, png_row_infop
+ row_info, png_bytep data)
See pngtest.c for a working example. Your function will be called
-after all of the other transformations have been processed.
+after all of the other transformations have been processed. Take care with
+interlaced images if you do the interlace yourself - the width of the row is the
+width in 'row_info', not the overall image width.
+
+If supported, libpng provides two information routines that you can use to find
+where you are in processing the image:
+
+ png_get_current_pass_number(png_structp png_ptr);
+ png_get_current_row_number(png_structp png_ptr);
+
+Don't try using these outside a transform callback - firstly they are only
+supported if user transforms are supported, secondly they may well return
+unexpected results unless the row is actually being processed at the moment they
+are called.
+
+With interlaced
+images the value returned is the row in the input sub-image image. Use
+PNG_ROW_FROM_PASS_ROW(row, pass) and PNG_COL_FROM_PASS_COL(col, pass) to
+find the output pixel (x,y) given an interlaced sub-image pixel (row,col,pass).
+
+The discussion of interlace handling above contains more information on how to
+use these values.
You can also set up a pointer to a user structure for use by your
callback function, and you can inform libpng that your transform
@@ -2050,7 +2662,7 @@ function will change the number of channels or bit depth with the
function
png_set_user_transform_info(png_ptr, user_ptr,
- user_depth, user_channels);
+ user_depth, user_channels);
The user's application, not libpng, is responsible for allocating and
freeing any memory required for the user structure.
@@ -2059,7 +2671,7 @@ You can retrieve the pointer via the function
png_get_user_transform_ptr(). For example:
voidp read_user_transform_ptr =
- png_get_user_transform_ptr(png_ptr);
+ png_get_user_transform_ptr(png_ptr);
The last thing to handle is interlacing; this is covered in detail below,
but you must call the function here if you want libpng to handle expansion
@@ -2069,13 +2681,16 @@ of the interlaced image.
After setting the transformations, libpng can update your png_info
structure to reflect any transformations you've requested with this
-call. This is most useful to update the info structure's rowbytes
-field so you can use it to allocate your image memory. This function
-will also update your palette with the correct screen_gamma and
-background if these have been given with the calls above.
+call.
png_read_update_info(png_ptr, info_ptr);
+This is most useful to update the info structure's rowbytes
+field so you can use it to allocate your image memory. This function
+will also update your palette with the correct screen_gamma and
+background if these have been given with the calls above. You may
+only call png_read_update_info() once with a particular info_ptr.
+
After you call png_read_update_info(), you can allocate any
memory you need to hold the image. The row data is simply
raw byte data for all forms of images. As the actual allocation
@@ -2084,6 +2699,25 @@ are allocating one large chunk, you will need to build an
array of pointers to each row, as it will be needed for some
of the functions below.
+Be sure that your platform can allocate the buffer that you'll need.
+libpng internally checks for oversize width, but you'll need to
+do your own check for number_of_rows*width*pixel_size if you are using
+a multiple-row buffer:
+
+ /* Guard against integer overflow */
+ if (number_of_rows > PNG_SIZE_MAX/(width*pixel_size)) {
+ png_error(png_ptr,"image_data buffer would be too large");
+ }
+
+Remember: Before you call png_read_update_info(), the png_get_*()
+functions return the values corresponding to the original PNG image.
+After you call png_read_update_info the values refer to the image
+that libpng will output. Consequently you must call all the png_set_
+functions before you call png_read_update_info(). This is particularly
+important for png_set_interlace_handling() - if you are going to call
+png_read_update_info() you must call png_set_interlace_handling() before
+it unless you want to receive interlaced output.
+
.SS Reading image data
After you've allocated memory, you can read the image data.
@@ -2093,9 +2727,10 @@ call png_read_image() and libpng will read in all the image data
and put it in the memory area supplied. You will need to pass in
an array of pointers to each row.
-This function automatically handles interlacing, so you don't need
-to call png_set_interlace_handling() or call this function multiple
-times, or any of that other stuff necessary with png_read_rows().
+This function automatically handles interlacing, so you don't
+need to call png_set_interlace_handling() (unless you call
+png_read_update_info()) or call this function multiple times, or any
+of that other stuff necessary with png_read_rows().
png_read_image(png_ptr, row_pointers);
@@ -2110,7 +2745,7 @@ use png_read_rows() instead. If there is no interlacing (check
interlace_type == PNG_INTERLACE_NONE), this is simple:
png_read_rows(png_ptr, row_pointers, NULL,
- number_of_rows);
+ number_of_rows);
where row_pointers is the same as in the png_read_image() call.
@@ -2122,13 +2757,15 @@ a single row_pointer instead of an array of row_pointers:
If the file is interlaced (interlace_type != 0 in the IHDR chunk), things
get somewhat harder. The only current (PNG Specification version 1.2)
-interlacing type for PNG is (interlace_type == PNG_INTERLACE_ADAM7)
-is a somewhat complicated 2D interlace scheme, known as Adam7, that
+interlacing type for PNG is (interlace_type == PNG_INTERLACE_ADAM7);
+a somewhat complicated 2D interlace scheme, known as Adam7, that
breaks down an image into seven smaller images of varying size, based
-on an 8x8 grid.
+on an 8x8 grid. This number is defined (from libpng 1.5) as
+PNG_INTERLACE_ADAM7_PASSES in png.h
libpng can fill out those images or it can give them to you "as is".
-If you want them filled out, there are two ways to do that. The one
+It is almost always better to have libpng handle the interlacing for you.
+If you want the images filled out, there are two ways to do that. The one
mentioned in the PNG specification is to expand each pixel to cover
those pixels that have not been read yet (the "rectangle" method).
This results in a blocky image for the first pass, which gradually
@@ -2138,37 +2775,20 @@ rest of the image remaining whatever colors they were initialized to
before the start of the read. The first method usually looks better,
but tends to be slower, as there are more pixels to put in the rows.
-If you don't want libpng to handle the interlacing details, just call
-png_read_rows() seven times to read in all seven images. Each of the
-images is a valid image by itself, or they can all be combined on an
-8x8 grid to form a single image (although if you intend to combine them
-you would be far better off using the libpng interlace handling).
-
-The first pass will return an image 1/8 as wide as the entire image
-(every 8th column starting in column 0) and 1/8 as high as the original
-(every 8th row starting in row 0), the second will be 1/8 as wide
-(starting in column 4) and 1/8 as high (also starting in row 0). The
-third pass will be 1/4 as wide (every 4th pixel starting in column 0) and
-1/8 as high (every 8th row starting in row 4), and the fourth pass will
-be 1/4 as wide and 1/4 as high (every 4th column starting in column 2,
-and every 4th row starting in row 0). The fifth pass will return an
-image 1/2 as wide, and 1/4 as high (starting at column 0 and row 2),
-while the sixth pass will be 1/2 as wide and 1/2 as high as the original
-(starting in column 1 and row 0). The seventh and final pass will be as
-wide as the original, and 1/2 as high, containing all of the odd
-numbered scanlines. Phew!
-
-If you want libpng to expand the images, call this before calling
-png_start_read_image() or png_read_update_info():
+If, as is likely, you want libpng to expand the images, call this before
+calling png_start_read_image() or png_read_update_info():
if (interlace_type == PNG_INTERLACE_ADAM7)
- number_of_passes
+ number_of_passes
= png_set_interlace_handling(png_ptr);
-This will return the number of passes needed. Currently, this
-is seven, but may change if another interlace type is added.
-This function can be called even if the file is not interlaced,
-where it will return one pass.
+This will return the number of passes needed. Currently, this is seven,
+but may change if another interlace type is added. This function can be
+called even if the file is not interlaced, where it will return one pass.
+You then need to read the whole image 'number_of_passes' times. Each time
+will distribute the pixels from the current pass to the correct place in
+the output image, so you need to supply the same rows to png_read_rows in
+each pass.
If you are not going to display the image after each pass, but are
going to wait until the entire image is read in, use the sparkle
@@ -2177,7 +2797,8 @@ is exactly the same. If you are planning on displaying the image
after each pass, the "rectangle" effect is generally considered the
better looking one.
-If you only want the "sparkle" effect, just call png_read_rows() as
+If you only want the "sparkle" effect, just call png_read_row() or
+png_read_rows() as
normal, with the third parameter NULL. Make sure you make pass over
the image number_of_passes times, and you don't change the data in the
rows between calls. You can change the locations of the data, just
@@ -2185,35 +2806,162 @@ not the data. Each pass only writes the pixels appropriate for that
pass, and assumes the data from previous passes is still valid.
png_read_rows(png_ptr, row_pointers, NULL,
- number_of_rows);
+ number_of_rows);
+ or
+ png_read_row(png_ptr, row_pointers, NULL);
If you only want the first effect (the rectangles), do the same as
before except pass the row buffer in the third parameter, and leave
the second parameter NULL.
png_read_rows(png_ptr, NULL, row_pointers,
- number_of_rows);
+ number_of_rows);
+ or
+ png_read_row(png_ptr, NULL, row_pointers);
+
+If you don't want libpng to handle the interlacing details, just call
+png_read_rows() PNG_INTERLACE_ADAM7_PASSES times to read in all the images.
+Each of the images is a valid image by itself; however, you will almost
+certainly need to distribute the pixels from each sub-image to the
+correct place. This is where everything gets very tricky.
+
+If you want to retrieve the separate images you must pass the correct
+number of rows to each successive call of png_read_rows(). The calculation
+gets pretty complicated for small images, where some sub-images may
+not even exist because either their width or height ends up zero.
+libpng provides two macros to help you in 1.5 and later versions:
+
+ png_uint_32 width = PNG_PASS_COLS(image_width, pass_number);
+ png_uint_32 height = PNG_PASS_ROWS(image_height, pass_number);
+
+Respectively these tell you the width and height of the sub-image
+corresponding to the numbered pass. 'pass' is in in the range 0 to 6 -
+this can be confusing because the specification refers to the same passes
+as 1 to 7! Be careful, you must check both the width and height before
+calling png_read_rows() and not call it for that pass if either is zero.
+
+You can, of course, read each sub-image row by row. If you want to
+produce optimal code to make a pixel-by-pixel transformation of an
+interlaced image this is the best approach; read each row of each pass,
+transform it, and write it out to a new interlaced image.
+
+If you want to de-interlace the image yourself libpng provides further
+macros to help that tell you where to place the pixels in the output image.
+Because the interlacing scheme is rectangular - sub-image pixels are always
+arranged on a rectangular grid - all you need to know for each pass is the
+starting column and row in the output image of the first pixel plus the
+spacing between each pixel. As of libpng 1.5 there are four macros to
+retrieve this information:
+
+ png_uint_32 x = PNG_PASS_START_COL(pass);
+ png_uint_32 y = PNG_PASS_START_ROW(pass);
+ png_uint_32 xStep = 1U << PNG_PASS_COL_SHIFT(pass);
+ png_uint_32 yStep = 1U << PNG_PASS_ROW_SHIFT(pass);
+
+These allow you to write the obvious loop:
+
+ png_uint_32 input_y = 0;
+ png_uint_32 output_y = PNG_PASS_START_ROW(pass);
+
+ while (output_y < output_image_height)
+ {
+ png_uint_32 input_x = 0;
+ png_uint_32 output_x = PNG_PASS_START_COL(pass);
+
+ while (output_x < output_image_width)
+ {
+ image[output_y][output_x] =
+ subimage[pass][input_y][input_x++];
+
+ output_x += xStep;
+ }
+
+ ++input_y;
+ output_y += yStep;
+ }
+
+Notice that the steps between successive output rows and columns are
+returned as shifts. This is possible because the pixels in the subimages
+are always a power of 2 apart - 1, 2, 4 or 8 pixels - in the original
+image. In practice you may need to directly calculate the output coordinate
+given an input coordinate. libpng provides two further macros for this
+purpose:
+
+ png_uint_32 output_x = PNG_COL_FROM_PASS_COL(input_x, pass);
+ png_uint_32 output_y = PNG_ROW_FROM_PASS_ROW(input_y, pass);
+
+Finally a pair of macros are provided to tell you if a particular image
+row or column appears in a given pass:
+
+ int col_in_pass = PNG_COL_IN_INTERLACE_PASS(output_x, pass);
+ int row_in_pass = PNG_ROW_IN_INTERLACE_PASS(output_y, pass);
+
+Bear in mind that you will probably also need to check the width and height
+of the pass in addition to the above to be sure the pass even exists!
+
+With any luck you are convinced by now that you don't want to do your own
+interlace handling. In reality normally the only good reason for doing this
+is if you are processing PNG files on a pixel-by-pixel basis and don't want
+to load the whole file into memory when it is interlaced.
+
+libpng includes a test program, pngvalid, that illustrates reading and
+writing of interlaced images. If you can't get interlacing to work in your
+code and don't want to leave it to libpng (the recommended approach), see
+how pngvalid.c does it.
.SS Finishing a sequential read
After you are finished reading the image through the
-low-level interface, you can finish reading the file. If you are
-interested in comments or time, which may be stored either before or
-after the image data, you should pass the separate png_info struct if
-you want to keep the comments from before and after the image
-separate. If you are not interested, you can pass NULL.
+low-level interface, you can finish reading the file.
+
+If you want to use a different crc action for handling CRC errors in
+chunks after the image data, you can call png_set_crc_action()
+again at this point.
+
+If you are interested in comments or time, which may be stored either
+before or after the image data, you should pass the separate png_info
+struct if you want to keep the comments from before and after the image
+separate.
+
+ png_infop end_info = png_create_info_struct(png_ptr);
+
+ if (!end_info)
+ {
+ png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
+ (png_infopp)NULL);
+ return ERROR;
+ }
png_read_end(png_ptr, end_info);
+If you are not interested, you should still call png_read_end()
+but you can pass NULL, avoiding the need to create an end_info structure.
+If you do this, libpng will not process any chunks after IDAT other than
+skipping over them and perhaps (depending on whether you have called
+png_set_crc_action) checking their CRCs while looking for the IEND chunk.
+
+ png_read_end(png_ptr, (png_infop)NULL);
+
+If you don't call png_read_end(), then your file pointer will be
+left pointing to the first chunk after the last IDAT, which is probably
+not what you want if you expect to read something beyond the end of
+the PNG datastream.
+
When you are done, you can free all memory allocated by libpng like this:
png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
&end_info);
+or, if you didn't create an end_info structure,
+
+ png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
+ (png_infopp)NULL);
+
It is also possible to individually free the info_ptr members that
point to libpng-allocated storage with the following function:
png_free_data(png_ptr, info_ptr, mask, seq)
+
mask - identifies data to be freed, a mask
containing the bitwise OR of one or
more of
@@ -2223,30 +2971,33 @@ point to libpng-allocated storage with the following function:
PNG_FREE_SCAL, PNG_FREE_SPLT,
PNG_FREE_TEXT, PNG_FREE_UNKN,
or simply PNG_FREE_ALL
+
seq - sequence number of item to be freed
- (-1 for all items)
+ (\-1 for all items)
This function may be safely called when the relevant storage has
already been freed, or has not yet been allocated, or was allocated
by the user and not by libpng, and will in those cases do nothing.
The "seq" parameter is ignored if only one item of the selected data
-type, such as PLTE, is allowed. If "seq" is not -1, and multiple items
+type, such as PLTE, is allowed. If "seq" is not \-1, and multiple items
are allowed for the data type identified in the mask, such as text or
sPLT, only the n'th item in the structure is freed, where n is "seq".
The default behavior is only to free data that was allocated internally
by libpng. This can be changed, so that libpng will not free the data,
or so that it will free data that was allocated by the user with png_malloc()
-or png_zalloc() and passed in via a png_set_*() function, with
+or png_calloc() and passed in via a png_set_*() function, with
png_data_freer(png_ptr, info_ptr, freer, mask)
- mask - which data elements are affected
- same choices as in png_free_data()
+
freer - one of
PNG_DESTROY_WILL_FREE_DATA
PNG_SET_WILL_FREE_DATA
PNG_USER_WILL_FREE_DATA
+ mask - which data elements are affected
+ same choices as in png_free_data()
+
This function only affects data that has already been allocated.
You can call this function after reading the PNG data but before calling
any png_set_*() functions, to control whether the user or the png_set_*()
@@ -2256,7 +3007,7 @@ or png_destroy_*() is supposed to free the data. When the user assumes
responsibility for libpng-allocated data, the application must use
png_free() to free it, and when the user transfers responsibility to libpng
for data that the user has allocated, the user must have used png_malloc()
-or png_zalloc() to allocate it.
+or png_calloc() to allocate it.
If you allocated your row_pointers in a single block, as suggested above in
the description of the high level read interface, you must not transfer
@@ -2275,12 +3026,14 @@ it frees. If you need to turn the flag off for a chunk that was freed by
your application instead of by libpng, you can use
png_set_invalid(png_ptr, info_ptr, mask);
+
mask - identifies the chunks to be made invalid,
containing the bitwise OR of one or
more of
PNG_INFO_gAMA, PNG_INFO_sBIT,
PNG_INFO_cHRM, PNG_INFO_PLTE,
PNG_INFO_tRNS, PNG_INFO_bKGD,
+ PNG_INFO_eXIf,
PNG_INFO_hIST, PNG_INFO_pHYs,
PNG_INFO_oFFs, PNG_INFO_tIME,
PNG_INFO_pCAL, PNG_INFO_sRGB,
@@ -2291,7 +3044,7 @@ For a more compact example of reading a PNG image, see the file example.c.
.SS Reading PNG files progressively
-The progressive reader is slightly different then the non-progressive
+The progressive reader is slightly different from the non-progressive
reader. Instead of calling png_read_info(), png_read_rows(), and
png_read_end(), you make one call to png_process_data(), which calls
callbacks when it has the info, a row, or the end of the image. You
@@ -2314,21 +3067,24 @@ png_infop info_ptr;
png_ptr = png_create_read_struct
(PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING, (png_voidp)user_error_ptr,
user_error_fn, user_warning_fn);
+
if (!png_ptr)
- return (ERROR);
+ return ERROR;
+
info_ptr = png_create_info_struct(png_ptr);
+
if (!info_ptr)
{
- png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, (png_infopp)NULL,
- (png_infopp)NULL);
- return (ERROR);
+ png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr,
+ (png_infopp)NULL, (png_infopp)NULL);
+ return ERROR;
}
if (setjmp(png_jmpbuf(png_ptr)))
{
- png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
- (png_infopp)NULL);
- return (ERROR);
+ png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
+ (png_infopp)NULL);
+ return ERROR;
}
/* This one's new. You can provide functions
@@ -2360,9 +3116,9 @@ png_infop info_ptr;
{
if (setjmp(png_jmpbuf(png_ptr)))
{
- png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
+ png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr,
(png_infopp)NULL);
- return (ERROR);
+ return ERROR;
}
/* This one's new also. Simply give it a chunk
@@ -2372,13 +3128,19 @@ png_infop info_ptr;
64K. The library seems to run fine with sizes
of 4K. Although you can give it much less if
necessary (I assume you can give it chunks of
- 1 byte, I haven't tried less then 256 bytes
+ 1 byte, I haven't tried less than 256 bytes
yet). When this function returns, you may
want to display any rows that were generated
in the row callback if you don't already do
so there.
*/
png_process_data(png_ptr, info_ptr, buffer, length);
+
+ /* At this point you can call png_process_data_skip if
+ you want to handle data the library will skip yourself;
+ it simply returns the number of bytes to skip (and stops
+ libpng skipping that number of bytes on the next
+ png_process_data call).
return 0;
}
@@ -2399,6 +3161,19 @@ png_infop info_ptr;
any). You may start getting rows before
png_process_data() returns, so this is your
last chance to prepare for that.
+
+ This is where you turn on interlace handling,
+ assuming you don't want to do it yourself.
+
+ If you need to you can stop the processing of
+ your original input data at this point by calling
+ png_process_data_pause. This returns the number
+ of unprocessed bytes from the last png_process_data
+ call - it is up to you to ensure that the next call
+ sees these bytes again. If you don't want to bother
+ with this you can get libpng to cache the unread
+ bytes by setting the 'save' parameter (see png.h) but
+ then libpng will have to copy the data internally.
*/
}
@@ -2419,20 +3194,28 @@ png_infop info_ptr;
supplying them because it may make your life
easier.
- For the non-NULL rows of interlaced images,
+ If you did not turn on interlace handling then
+ the callback is called for each row of each
+ sub-image when the image is interlaced. In this
+ case 'row_num' is the row in the sub-image, not
+ the row in the output image as it is in all other
+ cases.
+
+ For the non-NULL rows of interlaced images when
+ you have switched on libpng interlace handling,
you must call png_progressive_combine_row()
passing in the row and the old row. You can
call this function for NULL rows (it will just
return) and for non-interlaced images (it just
does the memcpy for you) if it will make the
code easier. Thus, you can just do this for
- all cases:
+ all cases if you switch on interlace handling;
*/
png_progressive_combine_row(png_ptr, old_row,
new_row);
- /* where old_row is what was displayed for
+ /* where old_row is what was displayed
previously for the row. Note that the first
pass (pass == 0, really) will completely cover
the old row, so the rows do not have to be
@@ -2440,6 +3223,9 @@ png_infop info_ptr;
for interlaced images), you will have to pass
the current row, and the function will combine
the old row and the new row.
+
+ You can also call png_process_data_pause in this
+ callback - see above.
*/
}
@@ -2474,10 +3260,9 @@ using the standard I/O functions, you will need to replace them with
custom writing functions. See the discussion under Customizing libpng.
FILE *fp = fopen(file_name, "wb");
+
if (!fp)
- {
- return (ERROR);
- }
+ return ERROR;
Next, png_struct and png_info need to be allocated and initialized.
As these can be both relatively large, you may not want to store these
@@ -2490,15 +3275,16 @@ both "png_ptr"; you can call them anything you like, such as
png_structp png_ptr = png_create_write_struct
(PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING, (png_voidp)user_error_ptr,
user_error_fn, user_warning_fn);
+
if (!png_ptr)
- return (ERROR);
+ return ERROR;
png_infop info_ptr = png_create_info_struct(png_ptr);
if (!info_ptr)
{
png_destroy_write_struct(&png_ptr,
- (png_infopp)NULL);
- return (ERROR);
+ (png_infopp)NULL);
+ return ERROR;
}
If you want to use your own memory allocation routines,
@@ -2523,17 +3309,35 @@ section below for more information on the libpng error handling.
if (setjmp(png_jmpbuf(png_ptr)))
{
- png_destroy_write_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr);
+ png_destroy_write_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr);
fclose(fp);
- return (ERROR);
+ return ERROR;
}
...
return;
If you would rather avoid the complexity of setjmp/longjmp issues,
-you can compile libpng with PNG_SETJMP_NOT_SUPPORTED, in which case
+you can compile libpng with PNG_NO_SETJMP, in which case
errors will result in a call to PNG_ABORT() which defaults to abort().
+You can #define PNG_ABORT() to a function that does something
+more useful than abort(), as long as your function does not
+return.
+
+Checking for invalid palette index on write was added at libpng
+1.5.10. If a pixel contains an invalid (out-of-range) index libpng issues
+a benign error. This is enabled by default because this condition is an
+error according to the PNG specification, Clause 11.3.2, but the error can
+be ignored in each png_ptr with
+
+ png_set_check_for_invalid_index(png_ptr, 0);
+
+If the error is ignored, or if png_benign_error() treats it as a warning,
+any invalid pixels are written as-is by the encoder, resulting in an
+invalid PNG datastream as output. In this case the application is
+responsible for ensuring that the pixel indexes are in range when it writes
+a PLTE chunk with fewer entries than the bit depth would allow.
+
Now you need to set up the output code. The default for libpng is to
use the C function fwrite(). If you use this, you will need to pass a
valid FILE * in the function png_init_io(). Be sure that the file is
@@ -2558,7 +3362,7 @@ called after each row has been written, which you can use to control
a progress meter or the like. It's demonstrated in pngtest.c.
You must supply a function
- void write_row_callback(png_ptr, png_uint_32 row,
+ void write_row_callback(png_structp png_ptr, png_uint_32 row,
int pass);
{
/* put your code here */
@@ -2570,6 +3374,20 @@ To inform libpng about your function, use
png_set_write_status_fn(png_ptr, write_row_callback);
+When this function is called the row has already been completely processed and
+it has also been written out. The 'row' and 'pass' refer to the next row to be
+handled. For the
+non-interlaced case the row that was just handled is simply one less than the
+passed in row number, and pass will always be 0. For the interlaced case the
+same applies unless the row value is 0, in which case the row just handled was
+the last one from one of the preceding passes. Because interlacing may skip a
+pass you cannot be sure that the preceding pass is just 'pass\-1', if you really
+need to know what the last pass is record (row,pass) from the callback and use
+the last recorded value each time.
+
+As with the user transform you can find the output row using the
+PNG_ROW_FROM_PASS_ROW macro.
+
You now have the option of modifying how the compression library will
run. The following functions are mainly for testing, but may be useful
in some cases, like if you need to write PNG files extremely fast and
@@ -2589,20 +3407,20 @@ filter types.
/* turn on or off filtering, and/or choose
specific filters. You can use either a single
PNG_FILTER_VALUE_NAME or the bitwise OR of one
- or more PNG_FILTER_NAME masks. */
+ or more PNG_FILTER_NAME masks.
+ */
png_set_filter(png_ptr, 0,
PNG_FILTER_NONE | PNG_FILTER_VALUE_NONE |
PNG_FILTER_SUB | PNG_FILTER_VALUE_SUB |
PNG_FILTER_UP | PNG_FILTER_VALUE_UP |
PNG_FILTER_AVG | PNG_FILTER_VALUE_AVG |
PNG_FILTER_PAETH | PNG_FILTER_VALUE_PAETH|
- PNG_ALL_FILTERS);
+ PNG_ALL_FILTERS | PNG_FAST_FILTERS);
-If an application
-wants to start and stop using particular filters during compression,
-it should start out with all of the filters (to ensure that the previous
-row of pixels will be stored in case it's needed later), and then add
-and remove them after the start of compression.
+If an application wants to start and stop using particular filters during
+compression, it should start out with all of the filters (to ensure that
+the previous row of pixels will be stored in case it's needed later),
+and then add and remove them after the start of compression.
If you are writing a PNG datastream that is to be embedded in a MNG
datastream, the second parameter can be either 0 or 64.
@@ -2614,11 +3432,13 @@ which changes how much time zlib spends on trying to compress the image
data. See the Compression Library (zlib.h and algorithm.txt, distributed
with zlib) for details on the compression levels.
- /* set the zlib compression level */
+ #include zlib.h
+
+ /* Set the zlib compression level */
png_set_compression_level(png_ptr,
Z_BEST_COMPRESSION);
- /* set other zlib parameters */
+ /* Set other zlib parameters for compressing IDAT */
png_set_compression_mem_level(png_ptr, 8);
png_set_compression_strategy(png_ptr,
Z_DEFAULT_STRATEGY);
@@ -2626,7 +3446,15 @@ with zlib) for details on the compression levels.
png_set_compression_method(png_ptr, 8);
png_set_compression_buffer_size(png_ptr, 8192)
-extern PNG_EXPORT(void,png_set_zbuf_size)
+ /* Set zlib parameters for text compression
+ * If you don't call these, the parameters
+ * fall back on those defined for IDAT chunks
+ */
+ png_set_text_compression_mem_level(png_ptr, 8);
+ png_set_text_compression_strategy(png_ptr,
+ Z_DEFAULT_STRATEGY);
+ png_set_text_compression_window_bits(png_ptr, 15);
+ png_set_text_compression_method(png_ptr, 8);
.SS Setting the contents of info for output
@@ -2646,16 +3474,20 @@ Some of the more important parts of the png_info are:
png_set_IHDR(png_ptr, info_ptr, width, height,
bit_depth, color_type, interlace_type,
compression_type, filter_method)
+
width - holds the width of the image
in pixels (up to 2^31).
+
height - holds the height of the image
in pixels (up to 2^31).
+
bit_depth - holds the bit depth of one of the
image channels.
(valid values are 1, 2, 4, 8, 16
and depend also on the
color_type. See also significant
bits (sBIT) below).
+
color_type - describes which color/alpha
channels are present.
PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY
@@ -2675,8 +3507,10 @@ Some of the more important parts of the png_info are:
interlace_type - PNG_INTERLACE_NONE or
PNG_INTERLACE_ADAM7
+
compression_type - (must be
PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_DEFAULT)
+
filter_method - (must be PNG_FILTER_TYPE_DEFAULT
or, if you are writing a PNG to
be embedded in a MNG datastream,
@@ -2694,15 +3528,45 @@ width, height, bit_depth, and color_type must be the same in each call.
png_set_PLTE(png_ptr, info_ptr, palette,
num_palette);
+
palette - the palette for the file
(array of png_color)
num_palette - number of entries in the palette
- png_set_gAMA(png_ptr, info_ptr, gamma);
- gamma - the gamma the image was created
- at (PNG_INFO_gAMA)
+
+ png_set_gAMA(png_ptr, info_ptr, file_gamma);
+ png_set_gAMA_fixed(png_ptr, info_ptr, int_file_gamma);
+
+ file_gamma - the gamma at which the image was
+ created (PNG_INFO_gAMA)
+
+ int_file_gamma - 100,000 times the gamma at which
+ the image was created
+
+ png_set_cHRM(png_ptr, info_ptr, white_x, white_y, red_x, red_y,
+ green_x, green_y, blue_x, blue_y)
+ png_set_cHRM_XYZ(png_ptr, info_ptr, red_X, red_Y, red_Z, green_X,
+ green_Y, green_Z, blue_X, blue_Y, blue_Z)
+ png_set_cHRM_fixed(png_ptr, info_ptr, int_white_x, int_white_y,
+ int_red_x, int_red_y, int_green_x, int_green_y,
+ int_blue_x, int_blue_y)
+ png_set_cHRM_XYZ_fixed(png_ptr, info_ptr, int_red_X, int_red_Y,
+ int_red_Z, int_green_X, int_green_Y, int_green_Z,
+ int_blue_X, int_blue_Y, int_blue_Z)
+
+ {white,red,green,blue}_{x,y}
+ A color space encoding specified using the chromaticities
+ of the end points and the white point.
+
+ {red,green,blue}_{X,Y,Z}
+ A color space encoding specified using the encoding end
+ points - the CIE tristimulus specification of the intended
+ color of the red, green and blue channels in the PNG RGB
+ data. The white point is simply the sum of the three end
+ points.
png_set_sRGB(png_ptr, info_ptr, srgb_intent);
+
srgb_intent - the rendering intent
(PNG_INFO_sRGB) The presence of
the sRGB chunk means that the pixel
@@ -2722,6 +3586,7 @@ width, height, bit_depth, and color_type must be the same in each call.
png_set_sRGB_gAMA_and_cHRM(png_ptr, info_ptr,
srgb_intent);
+
srgb_intent - the rendering intent
(PNG_INFO_sRGB) The presence of the
sRGB chunk means that the pixel
@@ -2732,49 +3597,67 @@ width, height, bit_depth, and color_type must be the same in each call.
written.
png_set_iCCP(png_ptr, info_ptr, name, compression_type,
- profile, proflen);
- name - The profile name.
- compression - The compression type; always
- PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_BASE for PNG 1.0.
- You may give NULL to this argument to
- ignore it.
- profile - International Color Consortium color
- profile data. May contain NULs.
- proflen - length of profile data in bytes.
+ profile, proflen);
+
+ name - The profile name.
+
+ compression_type - The compression type; always
+ PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_BASE for PNG 1.0.
+ You may give NULL to this argument to
+ ignore it.
+
+ profile - International Color Consortium color
+ profile data. May contain NULs.
+
+ proflen - length of profile data in bytes.
png_set_sBIT(png_ptr, info_ptr, sig_bit);
+
sig_bit - the number of significant bits for
(PNG_INFO_sBIT) each of the gray, red,
green, and blue channels, whichever are
appropriate for the given color type
(png_color_16)
- png_set_tRNS(png_ptr, info_ptr, trans, num_trans,
- trans_values);
- trans - array of transparent
+ png_set_tRNS(png_ptr, info_ptr, trans_alpha,
+ num_trans, trans_color);
+
+ trans_alpha - array of alpha (transparency)
entries for palette (PNG_INFO_tRNS)
- trans_values - graylevel or color sample values
+
+ num_trans - number of transparent entries
+ (PNG_INFO_tRNS)
+
+ trans_color - graylevel or color sample values
(in order red, green, blue) of the
single transparent color for
non-paletted images (PNG_INFO_tRNS)
- num_trans - number of transparent entries
- (PNG_INFO_tRNS)
+
+ png_set_eXIf_1(png_ptr, info_ptr, num_exif, exif);
+
+ exif - Exif profile (array of
+ png_byte) (PNG_INFO_eXIf)
png_set_hIST(png_ptr, info_ptr, hist);
- (PNG_INFO_hIST)
+
hist - histogram of palette (array of
- png_uint_16)
+ png_uint_16) (PNG_INFO_hIST)
png_set_tIME(png_ptr, info_ptr, mod_time);
+
mod_time - time image was last modified
(PNG_VALID_tIME)
png_set_bKGD(png_ptr, info_ptr, background);
- background - background color (PNG_VALID_bKGD)
+
+ background - background color (of type
+ png_color_16p) (PNG_VALID_bKGD)
png_set_text(png_ptr, info_ptr, text_ptr, num_text);
+
text_ptr - array of png_text holding image
comments
+
text_ptr[i].compression - type of compression used
on "text" PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_NONE
PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_zTXt
@@ -2792,14 +3675,21 @@ width, height, bit_depth, and color_type must be the same in each call.
empty for unknown).
text_ptr[i].translated_keyword - keyword in UTF-8 (NULL
or empty for unknown).
+
Note that the itxt_length, lang, and lang_key
- members of the text_ptr structure only exist
- when the library is built with iTXt chunk support.
+ members of the text_ptr structure only exist when the
+ library is built with iTXt chunk support. Prior to
+ libpng-1.4.0 the library was built by default without
+ iTXt support. Also note that when iTXt is supported,
+ they contain NULL pointers when the "compression"
+ field contains PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_NONE or
+ PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_zTXt.
num_text - number of comments
png_set_sPLT(png_ptr, info_ptr, &palette_ptr,
num_spalettes);
+
palette_ptr - array of png_sPLT_struct structures
to be added to the list of palettes
in the info structure.
@@ -2808,35 +3698,49 @@ width, height, bit_depth, and color_type must be the same in each call.
png_set_oFFs(png_ptr, info_ptr, offset_x, offset_y,
unit_type);
+
offset_x - positive offset from the left
edge of the screen
+
offset_y - positive offset from the top
edge of the screen
+
unit_type - PNG_OFFSET_PIXEL, PNG_OFFSET_MICROMETER
png_set_pHYs(png_ptr, info_ptr, res_x, res_y,
unit_type);
+
res_x - pixels/unit physical resolution
in x direction
+
res_y - pixels/unit physical resolution
in y direction
+
unit_type - PNG_RESOLUTION_UNKNOWN,
PNG_RESOLUTION_METER
png_set_sCAL(png_ptr, info_ptr, unit, width, height)
+
unit - physical scale units (an integer)
+
width - width of a pixel in physical scale units
+
height - height of a pixel in physical scale units
(width and height are doubles)
png_set_sCAL_s(png_ptr, info_ptr, unit, width, height)
+
unit - physical scale units (an integer)
+
width - width of a pixel in physical scale units
+ expressed as a string
+
height - height of a pixel in physical scale units
(width and height are strings like "2.54")
png_set_unknown_chunks(png_ptr, info_ptr, &unknowns,
num_unknowns)
+
unknowns - array of png_unknown_chunk
structures holding unknown chunks
unknowns[i].name - name of unknown chunk
@@ -2871,25 +3775,34 @@ Because tEXt and zTXt chunks don't have a language field, if you
specify PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_NONE or PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_zTXt
any language code or translated keyword will not be written out.
-Until text gets around 1000 bytes, it is not worth compressing it.
+Until text gets around a few hundred bytes, it is not worth compressing it.
After the text has been written out to the file, the compression type
is set to PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_NONE_WR or PNG_TEXT_COMPRESSION_zTXt_WR,
so that it isn't written out again at the end (in case you are calling
-png_write_end() with the same struct.
+png_write_end() with the same struct).
The keywords that are given in the PNG Specification are:
Title Short (one line) title or
caption for image
+
Author Name of image's creator
+
Description Description of image (possibly long)
+
Copyright Copyright notice
+
Creation Time Time of original image creation
(usually RFC 1123 format, see below)
+
Software Software used to create the image
+
Disclaimer Legal disclaimer
+
Warning Warning of nature of content
+
Source Device used to create the image
+
Comment Miscellaneous comment; conversion
from other image format
@@ -2933,18 +3846,53 @@ tEXt chunk use RFC 1123 format dates (e.g. "22 May 1997 18:07:10 GMT"),
although this isn't a requirement. Unlike the tIME chunk, the
"Creation Time" tEXt chunk is not expected to be automatically changed
by the software. To facilitate the use of RFC 1123 dates, a function
-png_convert_to_rfc1123(png_timep) is provided to convert from PNG
-time to an RFC 1123 format string.
+png_convert_to_rfc1123_buffer(buffer, png_timep) is provided to
+convert from PNG time to an RFC 1123 format string. The caller must provide
+a writeable buffer of at least 29 bytes.
.SS Writing unknown chunks
-You can use the png_set_unknown_chunks function to queue up chunks
-for writing. You give it a chunk name, raw data, and a size; that's
-all there is to it. The chunks will be written by the next following
-png_write_info_before_PLTE, png_write_info, or png_write_end function.
-Any chunks previously read into the info structure's unknown-chunk
-list will also be written out in a sequence that satisfies the PNG
-specification's ordering rules.
+You can use the png_set_unknown_chunks function to queue up private chunks
+for writing. You give it a chunk name, location, raw data, and a size. You
+also must use png_set_keep_unknown_chunks() to ensure that libpng will
+handle them. That's all there is to it. The chunks will be written by the
+next following png_write_info_before_PLTE, png_write_info, or png_write_end
+function, depending upon the specified location. Any chunks previously
+read into the info structure's unknown-chunk list will also be written out
+in a sequence that satisfies the PNG specification's ordering rules.
+
+Here is an example of writing two private chunks, prVt and miNE:
+
+ #ifdef PNG_WRITE_UNKNOWN_CHUNKS_SUPPORTED
+ /* Set unknown chunk data */
+ png_unknown_chunk unk_chunk[2];
+ strcpy((char *) unk_chunk[0].name, "prVt";
+ unk_chunk[0].data = (unsigned char *) "PRIVATE DATA";
+ unk_chunk[0].size = strlen(unk_chunk[0].data)+1;
+ unk_chunk[0].location = PNG_HAVE_IHDR;
+ strcpy((char *) unk_chunk[1].name, "miNE";
+ unk_chunk[1].data = (unsigned char *) "MY CHUNK DATA";
+ unk_chunk[1].size = strlen(unk_chunk[0].data)+1;
+ unk_chunk[1].location = PNG_AFTER_IDAT;
+ png_set_unknown_chunks(write_ptr, write_info_ptr,
+ unk_chunk, 2);
+ /* Needed because miNE is not safe-to-copy */
+ png_set_keep_unknown_chunks(png, PNG_HANDLE_CHUNK_ALWAYS,
+ (png_bytep) "miNE", 1);
+ # if PNG_LIBPNG_VER < 10600
+ /* Deal with unknown chunk location bug in 1.5.x and earlier */
+ png_set_unknown_chunk_location(png, info, 0, PNG_HAVE_IHDR);
+ png_set_unknown_chunk_location(png, info, 1, PNG_AFTER_IDAT);
+ # endif
+ # if PNG_LIBPNG_VER < 10500
+ /* PNG_AFTER_IDAT writes two copies of the chunk prior to libpng-1.5.0,
+ * one before IDAT and another after IDAT, so don't use it; only use
+ * PNG_HAVE_IHDR location. This call resets the location previously
+ * set by assignment and png_set_unknown_chunk_location() for chunk 1.
+ */
+ png_set_unknown_chunk_location(png, info, 1, PNG_HAVE_IHDR);
+ # endif
+ #endif
.SS The high-level write interface
@@ -3059,17 +4007,19 @@ file so that decoders can recover the original data if desired.
/* Set the true bit depth of the image data */
if (color_type & PNG_COLOR_MASK_COLOR)
{
- sig_bit.red = true_bit_depth;
- sig_bit.green = true_bit_depth;
- sig_bit.blue = true_bit_depth;
+ sig_bit.red = true_bit_depth;
+ sig_bit.green = true_bit_depth;
+ sig_bit.blue = true_bit_depth;
}
+
else
{
- sig_bit.gray = true_bit_depth;
+ sig_bit.gray = true_bit_depth;
}
+
if (color_type & PNG_COLOR_MASK_ALPHA)
{
- sig_bit.alpha = true_bit_depth;
+ sig_bit.alpha = true_bit_depth;
}
png_set_sBIT(png_ptr, info_ptr, &sig_bit);
@@ -3081,7 +4031,7 @@ is required by PNG.
png_set_shift(png_ptr, &sig_bit);
-PNG files store 16 bit pixels in network byte order (big-endian,
+PNG files store 16-bit pixels in network byte order (big-endian,
ie. most significant bits first). This code would be used if they are
supplied the other way (little-endian, i.e. least significant bits
first, the way PCs store them):
@@ -3115,11 +4065,24 @@ with
You must supply the function
- void write_transform_fn(png_ptr ptr, row_info_ptr
+ void write_transform_fn(png_structp png_ptr, png_row_infop
row_info, png_bytep data)
See pngtest.c for a working example. Your function will be called
-before any of the other transformations are processed.
+before any of the other transformations are processed. If supported
+libpng also supplies an information routine that may be called from
+your callback:
+
+ png_get_current_row_number(png_ptr);
+ png_get_current_pass_number(png_ptr);
+
+This returns the current row passed to the transform. With interlaced
+images the value returned is the row in the input sub-image image. Use
+PNG_ROW_FROM_PASS_ROW(row, pass) and PNG_COL_FROM_PASS_COL(col, pass) to
+find the output pixel (x,y) given an interlaced sub-image pixel (row,col,pass).
+
+The discussion of interlace handling above contains more information on how to
+use these values.
You can also set up a pointer to a user structure for use by your
callback function.
@@ -3201,25 +4164,39 @@ for details of which pixels to write when.
If you don't want libpng to handle the interlacing details, just
use png_set_interlace_handling() and call png_write_rows() the
-correct number of times to write all seven sub-images.
+correct number of times to write all the sub-images
+(png_set_interlace_handling() returns the number of sub-images.)
If you want libpng to build the sub-images, call this before you start
writing any rows:
- number_of_passes =
- png_set_interlace_handling(png_ptr);
+ number_of_passes = png_set_interlace_handling(png_ptr);
This will return the number of passes needed. Currently, this is seven,
but may change if another interlace type is added.
Then write the complete image number_of_passes times.
- png_write_rows(png_ptr, row_pointers,
- number_of_rows);
+ png_write_rows(png_ptr, row_pointers, number_of_rows);
+
+Think carefully before you write an interlaced image. Typically code that
+reads such images reads all the image data into memory, uncompressed, before
+doing any processing. Only code that can display an image on the fly can
+take advantage of the interlacing and even then the image has to be exactly
+the correct size for the output device, because scaling an image requires
+adjacent pixels and these are not available until all the passes have been
+read.
-As some of these rows are not used, and thus return immediately, you may
-want to read about interlacing in the PNG specification, and only update
-the rows that are actually used.
+If you do write an interlaced image you will hardly ever need to handle
+the interlacing yourself. Call png_set_interlace_handling() and use the
+approach described above.
+
+The only time it is conceivable that you will really need to write an
+interlaced image pass-by-pass is when you have read one pass by pass and
+made some pixel-by-pixel transformation to it, as described in the read
+code above. In this case use the PNG_PASS_ROWS and PNG_PASS_COLS macros
+to determine the size of each sub-image in turn and simply write the rows
+you obtained from the read code.
.SS Finishing a sequential write
@@ -3238,6 +4215,7 @@ It is also possible to individually free the info_ptr members that
point to libpng-allocated storage with the following function:
png_free_data(png_ptr, info_ptr, mask, seq)
+
mask - identifies data to be freed, a mask
containing the bitwise OR of one or
more of
@@ -3247,14 +4225,15 @@ point to libpng-allocated storage with the following function:
PNG_FREE_SCAL, PNG_FREE_SPLT,
PNG_FREE_TEXT, PNG_FREE_UNKN,
or simply PNG_FREE_ALL
+
seq - sequence number of item to be freed
- (-1 for all items)
+ (\-1 for all items)
This function may be safely called when the relevant storage has
already been freed, or has not yet been allocated, or was allocated
by the user and not by libpng, and will in those cases do nothing.
The "seq" parameter is ignored if only one item of the selected data
-type, such as PLTE, is allowed. If "seq" is not -1, and multiple items
+type, such as PLTE, is allowed. If "seq" is not \-1, and multiple items
are allowed for the data type identified in the mask, such as text or
sPLT, only the n'th item in the structure is freed, where n is "seq".
@@ -3265,22 +4244,25 @@ png_destroy_write_struct().
The default behavior is only to free data that was allocated internally
by libpng. This can be changed, so that libpng will not free the data,
or so that it will free data that was allocated by the user with png_malloc()
-or png_zalloc() and passed in via a png_set_*() function, with
+or png_calloc() and passed in via a png_set_*() function, with
png_data_freer(png_ptr, info_ptr, freer, mask)
- mask - which data elements are affected
- same choices as in png_free_data()
+
freer - one of
PNG_DESTROY_WILL_FREE_DATA
PNG_SET_WILL_FREE_DATA
PNG_USER_WILL_FREE_DATA
+ mask - which data elements are affected
+ same choices as in png_free_data()
+
For example, to transfer responsibility for some data from a read structure
to a write structure, you could use
png_data_freer(read_ptr, read_info_ptr,
PNG_USER_WILL_FREE_DATA,
PNG_FREE_PLTE|PNG_FREE_tRNS|PNG_FREE_hIST)
+
png_data_freer(write_ptr, write_info_ptr,
PNG_DESTROY_WILL_FREE_DATA,
PNG_FREE_PLTE|PNG_FREE_tRNS|PNG_FREE_hIST)
@@ -3298,7 +4280,7 @@ When the user assumes responsibility for libpng-allocated data, the
application must use
png_free() to free it, and when the user transfers responsibility to libpng
for data that the user has allocated, the user must have used png_malloc()
-or png_zalloc() to allocate it.
+or png_calloc() to allocate it.
If you allocated text_ptr.text, text_ptr.lang, and text_ptr.translated_keyword
separately, do not transfer responsibility for freeing text_ptr to libpng,
@@ -3308,7 +4290,424 @@ if you transfer responsibility for free'ing text_ptr from libpng to your
application, your application must not separately free those members.
For a more compact example of writing a PNG image, see the file example.c.
-.SH V. Modifying/Customizing libpng:
+.SH V. Simplified API
+
+The simplified API, which became available in libpng-1.6.0, hides the details
+of both libpng and the PNG file format itself.
+It allows PNG files to be read into a very limited number of
+in-memory bitmap formats or to be written from the same formats. If these
+formats do not accommodate your needs then you can, and should, use the more
+sophisticated APIs above - these support a wide variety of in-memory formats
+and a wide variety of sophisticated transformations to those formats as well
+as a wide variety of APIs to manipulate ancillary information.
+
+To read a PNG file using the simplified API:
+
+ 1) Declare a 'png_image' structure (see below) on the stack, set the
+ version field to PNG_IMAGE_VERSION and the 'opaque' pointer to NULL
+ (this is REQUIRED, your program may crash if you don't do it.)
+
+ 2) Call the appropriate png_image_begin_read... function.
+
+ 3) Set the png_image 'format' member to the required sample format.
+
+ 4) Allocate a buffer for the image and, if required, the color-map.
+
+ 5) Call png_image_finish_read to read the image and, if required, the
+ color-map into your buffers.
+
+There are no restrictions on the format of the PNG input itself; all valid
+color types, bit depths, and interlace methods are acceptable, and the
+input image is transformed as necessary to the requested in-memory format
+during the png_image_finish_read() step. The only caveat is that if you
+request a color-mapped image from a PNG that is full-color or makes
+complex use of an alpha channel the transformation is extremely lossy and the
+result may look terrible.
+
+To write a PNG file using the simplified API:
+
+ 1) Declare a 'png_image' structure on the stack and memset()
+ it to all zero.
+
+ 2) Initialize the members of the structure that describe the
+ image, setting the 'format' member to the format of the
+ image samples.
+
+ 3) Call the appropriate png_image_write... function with a
+ pointer to the image and, if necessary, the color-map to write
+ the PNG data.
+
+png_image is a structure that describes the in-memory format of an image
+when it is being read or defines the in-memory format of an image that you
+need to write. The "png_image" structure contains the following members:
+
+ png_controlp opaque Initialize to NULL, free with png_image_free
+ png_uint_32 version Set to PNG_IMAGE_VERSION
+ png_uint_32 width Image width in pixels (columns)
+ png_uint_32 height Image height in pixels (rows)
+ png_uint_32 format Image format as defined below
+ png_uint_32 flags A bit mask containing informational flags
+ png_uint_32 colormap_entries; Number of entries in the color-map
+ png_uint_32 warning_or_error;
+ char message[64];
+
+In the event of an error or warning the "warning_or_error"
+field will be set to a non-zero value and the 'message' field will contain
+a '\0' terminated string with the libpng error or warning message. If both
+warnings and an error were encountered, only the error is recorded. If there
+are multiple warnings, only the first one is recorded.
+
+The upper 30 bits of the "warning_or_error" value are reserved; the low two
+bits contain a two bit code such that a value more than 1 indicates a failure
+in the API just called:
+
+ 0 - no warning or error
+ 1 - warning
+ 2 - error
+ 3 - error preceded by warning
+
+The pixels (samples) of the image have one to four channels whose components
+have original values in the range 0 to 1.0:
+
+ 1: A single gray or luminance channel (G).
+ 2: A gray/luminance channel and an alpha channel (GA).
+ 3: Three red, green, blue color channels (RGB).
+ 4: Three color channels and an alpha channel (RGBA).
+
+The channels are encoded in one of two ways:
+
+ a) As a small integer, value 0..255, contained in a single byte. For the
+alpha channel the original value is simply value/255. For the color or
+luminance channels the value is encoded according to the sRGB specification
+and matches the 8-bit format expected by typical display devices.
+
+The color/gray channels are not scaled (pre-multiplied) by the alpha
+channel and are suitable for passing to color management software.
+
+ b) As a value in the range 0..65535, contained in a 2-byte integer, in
+the native byte order of the platform on which the application is running.
+All channels can be converted to the original value by dividing by 65535; all
+channels are linear. Color channels use the RGB encoding (RGB end-points) of
+the sRGB specification. This encoding is identified by the
+PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_LINEAR flag below.
+
+When the simplified API needs to convert between sRGB and linear colorspaces,
+the actual sRGB transfer curve defined in the sRGB specification (see the
+article at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SRGB) is used, not the gamma=1/2.2
+approximation used elsewhere in libpng.
+
+When an alpha channel is present it is expected to denote pixel coverage
+of the color or luminance channels and is returned as an associated alpha
+channel: the color/gray channels are scaled (pre-multiplied) by the alpha
+value.
+
+The samples are either contained directly in the image data, between 1 and 8
+bytes per pixel according to the encoding, or are held in a color-map indexed
+by bytes in the image data. In the case of a color-map the color-map entries
+are individual samples, encoded as above, and the image data has one byte per
+pixel to select the relevant sample from the color-map.
+
+PNG_FORMAT_*
+
+The #defines to be used in png_image::format. Each #define identifies a
+particular layout of channel data and, if present, alpha values. There are
+separate defines for each of the two component encodings.
+
+A format is built up using single bit flag values. All combinations are
+valid. Formats can be built up from the flag values or you can use one of
+the predefined values below. When testing formats always use the FORMAT_FLAG
+macros to test for individual features - future versions of the library may
+add new flags.
+
+When reading or writing color-mapped images the format should be set to the
+format of the entries in the color-map then png_image_{read,write}_colormap
+called to read or write the color-map and set the format correctly for the
+image data. Do not set the PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_COLORMAP bit directly!
+
+NOTE: libpng can be built with particular features disabled. If you see
+compiler errors because the definition of one of the following flags has been
+compiled out it is because libpng does not have the required support. It is
+possible, however, for the libpng configuration to enable the format on just
+read or just write; in that case you may see an error at run time.
+You can guard against this by checking for the definition of the
+appropriate "_SUPPORTED" macro, one of:
+
+ PNG_SIMPLIFIED_{READ,WRITE}_{BGR,AFIRST}_SUPPORTED
+
+ PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_ALPHA format with an alpha channel
+ PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_COLOR color format: otherwise grayscale
+ PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_LINEAR 2-byte channels else 1-byte
+ PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_COLORMAP image data is color-mapped
+ PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_BGR BGR colors, else order is RGB
+ PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_AFIRST alpha channel comes first
+
+Supported formats are as follows. Future versions of libpng may support more
+formats; for compatibility with older versions simply check if the format
+macro is defined using #ifdef. These defines describe the in-memory layout
+of the components of the pixels of the image.
+
+First the single byte (sRGB) formats:
+
+ PNG_FORMAT_GRAY
+ PNG_FORMAT_GA
+ PNG_FORMAT_AG
+ PNG_FORMAT_RGB
+ PNG_FORMAT_BGR
+ PNG_FORMAT_RGBA
+ PNG_FORMAT_ARGB
+ PNG_FORMAT_BGRA
+ PNG_FORMAT_ABGR
+
+Then the linear 2-byte formats. When naming these "Y" is used to
+indicate a luminance (gray) channel. The component order within the pixel
+is always the same - there is no provision for swapping the order of the
+components in the linear format. The components are 16-bit integers in
+the native byte order for your platform, and there is no provision for
+swapping the bytes to a different endian condition.
+
+ PNG_FORMAT_LINEAR_Y
+ PNG_FORMAT_LINEAR_Y_ALPHA
+ PNG_FORMAT_LINEAR_RGB
+ PNG_FORMAT_LINEAR_RGB_ALPHA
+
+With color-mapped formats the image data is one byte for each pixel. The byte
+is an index into the color-map which is formatted as above. To obtain a
+color-mapped format it is sufficient just to add the PNG_FOMAT_FLAG_COLORMAP
+to one of the above definitions, or you can use one of the definitions below.
+
+ PNG_FORMAT_RGB_COLORMAP
+ PNG_FORMAT_BGR_COLORMAP
+ PNG_FORMAT_RGBA_COLORMAP
+ PNG_FORMAT_ARGB_COLORMAP
+ PNG_FORMAT_BGRA_COLORMAP
+ PNG_FORMAT_ABGR_COLORMAP
+
+PNG_IMAGE macros
+
+These are convenience macros to derive information from a png_image
+structure. The PNG_IMAGE_SAMPLE_ macros return values appropriate to the
+actual image sample values - either the entries in the color-map or the
+pixels in the image. The PNG_IMAGE_PIXEL_ macros return corresponding values
+for the pixels and will always return 1 for color-mapped formats. The
+remaining macros return information about the rows in the image and the
+complete image.
+
+NOTE: All the macros that take a png_image::format parameter are compile time
+constants if the format parameter is, itself, a constant. Therefore these
+macros can be used in array declarations and case labels where required.
+Similarly the macros are also pre-processor constants (sizeof is not used) so
+they can be used in #if tests.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_SAMPLE_CHANNELS(fmt)
+ Returns the total number of channels in a given format: 1..4
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_SAMPLE_COMPONENT_SIZE(fmt)
+ Returns the size in bytes of a single component of a pixel or color-map
+ entry (as appropriate) in the image: 1 or 2.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_SAMPLE_SIZE(fmt)
+ This is the size of the sample data for one sample. If the image is
+ color-mapped it is the size of one color-map entry (and image pixels are
+ one byte in size), otherwise it is the size of one image pixel.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_MAXIMUM_COLORMAP_COMPONENTS(fmt)
+ The maximum size of the color-map required by the format expressed in a
+ count of components. This can be used to compile-time allocate a
+ color-map:
+
+ png_uint_16 colormap[PNG_IMAGE_MAXIMUM_COLORMAP_COMPONENTS(linear_fmt)];
+
+ png_byte colormap[PNG_IMAGE_MAXIMUM_COLORMAP_COMPONENTS(sRGB_fmt)];
+
+ Alternatively use the PNG_IMAGE_COLORMAP_SIZE macro below to use the
+ information from one of the png_image_begin_read_ APIs and dynamically
+ allocate the required memory.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_COLORMAP_SIZE(fmt)
+ The size of the color-map required by the format; this is the size of the
+ color-map buffer passed to the png_image_{read,write}_colormap APIs. It is
+ a fixed number determined by the format so can easily be allocated on the
+ stack if necessary.
+
+Corresponding information about the pixels
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_PIXEL_CHANNELS(fmt)
+ The number of separate channels (components) in a pixel; 1 for a
+ color-mapped image.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_PIXEL_COMPONENT_SIZE(fmt)\
+ The size, in bytes, of each component in a pixel; 1 for a color-mapped
+ image.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_PIXEL_SIZE(fmt)
+ The size, in bytes, of a complete pixel; 1 for a color-mapped image.
+
+Information about the whole row, or whole image
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_ROW_STRIDE(image)
+ Returns the total number of components in a single row of the image; this
+ is the minimum 'row stride', the minimum count of components between each
+ row. For a color-mapped image this is the minimum number of bytes in a
+ row.
+
+ If you need the stride measured in bytes, row_stride_bytes is
+ PNG_IMAGE_ROW_STRIDE(image) * PNG_IMAGE_PIXEL_COMPONENT_SIZE(fmt)
+ plus any padding bytes that your application might need, for example
+ to start the next row on a 4-byte boundary.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_BUFFER_SIZE(image, row_stride)
+ Return the size, in bytes, of an image buffer given a png_image and a row
+ stride - the number of components to leave space for in each row.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_SIZE(image)
+ Return the size, in bytes, of the image in memory given just a png_image;
+ the row stride is the minimum stride required for the image.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_COLORMAP_SIZE(image)
+ Return the size, in bytes, of the color-map of this image. If the image
+ format is not a color-map format this will return a size sufficient for
+ 256 entries in the given format; check PNG_FORMAT_FLAG_COLORMAP if
+ you don't want to allocate a color-map in this case.
+
+PNG_IMAGE_FLAG_*
+
+Flags containing additional information about the image are held in
+the 'flags' field of png_image.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_FLAG_COLORSPACE_NOT_sRGB == 0x01
+ This indicates that the RGB values of the in-memory bitmap do not
+ correspond to the red, green and blue end-points defined by sRGB.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_FLAG_FAST == 0x02
+ On write emphasise speed over compression; the resultant PNG file will be
+ larger but will be produced significantly faster, particular for large
+ images. Do not use this option for images which will be distributed, only
+ used it when producing intermediate files that will be read back in
+ repeatedly. For a typical 24-bit image the option will double the read
+ speed at the cost of increasing the image size by 25%, however for many
+ more compressible images the PNG file can be 10 times larger with only a
+ slight speed gain.
+
+ PNG_IMAGE_FLAG_16BIT_sRGB == 0x04
+ On read if the image is a 16-bit per component image and there is no gAMA
+ or sRGB chunk assume that the components are sRGB encoded. Notice that
+ images output by the simplified API always have gamma information; setting
+ this flag only affects the interpretation of 16-bit images from an
+ external source. It is recommended that the application expose this flag
+ to the user; the user can normally easily recognize the difference between
+ linear and sRGB encoding. This flag has no effect on write - the data
+ passed to the write APIs must have the correct encoding (as defined
+ above.)
+
+ If the flag is not set (the default) input 16-bit per component data is
+ assumed to be linear.
+
+ NOTE: the flag can only be set after the png_image_begin_read_ call,
+ because that call initializes the 'flags' field.
+
+READ APIs
+
+ The png_image passed to the read APIs must have been initialized by setting
+ the png_controlp field 'opaque' to NULL (or, better, memset the whole thing.)
+
+ int png_image_begin_read_from_file( png_imagep image,
+ const char *file_name)
+
+ The named file is opened for read and the image header
+ is filled in from the PNG header in the file.
+
+ int png_image_begin_read_from_stdio (png_imagep image,
+ FILE* file)
+
+ The PNG header is read from the stdio FILE object.
+
+ int png_image_begin_read_from_memory(png_imagep image,
+ png_const_voidp memory, size_t size)
+
+ The PNG header is read from the given memory buffer.
+
+ int png_image_finish_read(png_imagep image,
+ png_colorp background, void *buffer,
+ png_int_32 row_stride, void *colormap));
+
+ Finish reading the image into the supplied buffer and
+ clean up the png_image structure.
+
+ row_stride is the step, in png_byte or png_uint_16 units
+ as appropriate, between adjacent rows. A positive stride
+ indicates that the top-most row is first in the buffer -
+ the normal top-down arrangement. A negative stride
+ indicates that the bottom-most row is first in the buffer.
+
+ background need only be supplied if an alpha channel must
+ be removed from a png_byte format and the removal is to be
+ done by compositing on a solid color; otherwise it may be
+ NULL and any composition will be done directly onto the
+ buffer. The value is an sRGB color to use for the
+ background, for grayscale output the green channel is used.
+
+ For linear output removing the alpha channel is always done
+ by compositing on black.
+
+ void png_image_free(png_imagep image)
+
+ Free any data allocated by libpng in image->opaque,
+ setting the pointer to NULL. May be called at any time
+ after the structure is initialized.
+
+When the simplified API needs to convert between sRGB and linear colorspaces,
+the actual sRGB transfer curve defined in the sRGB specification (see the
+article at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SRGB) is used, not the gamma=1/2.2
+approximation used elsewhere in libpng.
+
+WRITE APIS
+
+For write you must initialize a png_image structure to describe the image to
+be written:
+
+ version: must be set to PNG_IMAGE_VERSION
+ opaque: must be initialized to NULL
+ width: image width in pixels
+ height: image height in rows
+ format: the format of the data you wish to write
+ flags: set to 0 unless one of the defined flags applies; set
+ PNG_IMAGE_FLAG_COLORSPACE_NOT_sRGB for color format images
+ where the RGB values do not correspond to the colors in sRGB.
+ colormap_entries: set to the number of entries in the color-map (0 to 256)
+
+ int png_image_write_to_file, (png_imagep image,
+ const char *file, int convert_to_8bit, const void *buffer,
+ png_int_32 row_stride, const void *colormap));
+
+ Write the image to the named file.
+
+ int png_image_write_to_memory (png_imagep image, void *memory,
+ png_alloc_size_t * PNG_RESTRICT memory_bytes,
+ int convert_to_8_bit, const void *buffer, ptrdiff_t row_stride,
+ const void *colormap));
+
+ Write the image to memory.
+
+ int png_image_write_to_stdio(png_imagep image, FILE *file,
+ int convert_to_8_bit, const void *buffer,
+ png_int_32 row_stride, const void *colormap)
+
+ Write the image to the given (FILE*).
+
+With all write APIs if image is in one of the linear formats with
+(png_uint_16) data then setting convert_to_8_bit will cause the output to be
+a (png_byte) PNG gamma encoded according to the sRGB specification, otherwise
+a 16-bit linear encoded PNG file is written.
+
+With all APIs row_stride is handled as in the read APIs - it is the spacing
+from one row to the next in component sized units (float) and if negative
+indicates a bottom-up row layout in the buffer. If you pass zero, libpng will
+calculate the row_stride for you from the width and number of channels.
+
+Note that the write API does not support interlacing, sub-8-bit pixels,
+indexed (paletted) images, or most ancillary chunks.
+
+.SH VI. Modifying/Customizing libpng
There are two issues here. The first is changing how libpng does
standard things like memory allocation, input/output, and error handling.
@@ -3326,24 +4725,25 @@ in pngmem.c, pngrio.c, pngwio.c, and pngerror.c, respectively. To change
these functions, call the appropriate png_set_*_fn() function.
Memory allocation is done through the functions png_malloc(), png_calloc(),
-and png_free(). These currently just call the standard C functions.
-png_calloc() calls png_malloc() and then png_memset() to clear the newly
-allocated memory to zero. If your pointers can't access more then 64K
-at a time, you will want to set MAXSEG_64K in zlib.h. Since it is
-unlikely that the method of handling memory allocation on a platform
-will change between applications, these functions must be modified in
-the library at compile time. If you prefer to use a different method
-of allocating and freeing data, you can use png_create_read_struct_2() or
-png_create_write_struct_2() to register your own functions as described
-above. These functions also provide a void pointer that can be retrieved
-via
+and png_free(). The png_malloc() and png_free() functions currently just
+call the standard C functions and png_calloc() calls png_malloc() and then
+clears the newly allocated memory to zero; note that png_calloc(png_ptr, size)
+is not the same as the calloc(number, size) function provided by stdlib.h.
+There is limited support for certain systems with segmented memory
+architectures and the types of pointers declared by png.h match this; you
+will have to use appropriate pointers in your application. If you prefer
+to use a different method of allocating and freeing data, you can use
+png_create_read_struct_2() or png_create_write_struct_2() to register your
+own functions as described above. These functions also provide a void
+pointer that can be retrieved via
mem_ptr=png_get_mem_ptr(png_ptr);
Your replacement memory functions must have prototypes as follows:
png_voidp malloc_fn(png_structp png_ptr,
- png_size_t size);
+ png_alloc_size_t size);
+
void free_fn(png_structp png_ptr, png_voidp ptr);
Your malloc_fn() must return NULL in case of failure. The png_malloc()
@@ -3375,9 +4775,11 @@ png_get_io_ptr(). For example:
The replacement I/O functions must have prototypes as follows:
void user_read_data(png_structp png_ptr,
- png_bytep data, png_size_t length);
+ png_bytep data, size_t length);
+
void user_write_data(png_structp png_ptr,
- png_bytep data, png_size_t length);
+ png_bytep data, size_t length);
+
void user_flush_data(png_structp png_ptr);
The user_read_data() function is responsible for detecting and
@@ -3394,8 +4796,9 @@ Error handling in libpng is done through png_error() and png_warning().
Errors handled through png_error() are fatal, meaning that png_error()
should never return to its caller. Currently, this is handled via
setjmp() and longjmp() (unless you have compiled libpng with
-PNG_SETJMP_NOT_SUPPORTED, in which case it is handled via PNG_ABORT()),
-but you could change this to do things like exit() if you should wish.
+PNG_NO_SETJMP, in which case it is handled via PNG_ABORT()),
+but you could change this to do things like exit() if you should wish,
+as long as your function does not return.
On non-fatal errors, png_warning() is called
to print a warning message, and then control returns to the calling code.
@@ -3412,8 +4815,6 @@ functions after png_create_*_struct() has been called by calling:
png_voidp error_ptr, png_error_ptr error_fn,
png_error_ptr warning_fn);
- png_voidp error_ptr = png_get_error_ptr(png_ptr);
-
If NULL is supplied for either error_fn or warning_fn, then the libpng
default function will be used, calling fprintf() and/or longjmp() if a
problem is encountered. The replacement error functions should have
@@ -3421,9 +4822,15 @@ parameters as follows:
void user_error_fn(png_structp png_ptr,
png_const_charp error_msg);
+
void user_warning_fn(png_structp png_ptr,
png_const_charp warning_msg);
+Then, within your user_error_fn or user_warning_fn, you can retrieve
+the error_ptr if you need it, by calling
+
+ png_voidp error_ptr = png_get_error_ptr(png_ptr);
+
The motivation behind using setjmp() and longjmp() is the C++ throw and
catch exception handling methods. This makes the code much easier to write,
as there is no need to check every return code of every function call.
@@ -3431,7 +4838,20 @@ However, there are some uncertainties about the status of local variables
after a longjmp, so the user may want to be careful about doing anything
after setjmp returns non-zero besides returning itself. Consult your
compiler documentation for more details. For an alternative approach, you
-may wish to use the "cexcept" facility (see http://cexcept.sourceforge.net).
+may wish to use the "cexcept" facility (see https://cexcept.sourceforge.io/),
+which is illustrated in pngvalid.c and in contrib/visupng.
+
+Beginning in libpng-1.4.0, the png_set_benign_errors() API became available.
+You can use this to handle certain errors (normally handled as errors)
+as warnings.
+
+ png_set_benign_errors (png_ptr, int allowed);
+
+ allowed: 0: treat png_benign_error() as an error.
+ 1: treat png_benign_error() as a warning.
+
+As of libpng-1.6.0, the default condition is to treat benign errors as
+warnings while reading and as errors while writing.
.SS Custom chunks
@@ -3449,8 +4869,11 @@ and look at how other chunks were designed, so you can do things
similarly. Second, check out the sections of libpng that read and
write chunks. Try to find a chunk that is similar to yours and use
it as a template. More details can be found in the comments inside
-the code. It is best to handle unknown chunks in a generic method,
-via callback functions, instead of by modifying libpng functions.
+the code. It is best to handle private or unknown chunks in a generic method,
+via callback functions, instead of by modifying libpng functions. This
+is illustrated in pngtest.c, which uses a callback function to handle a
+private "vpAg" chunk and the new "sTER" chunk, which are both unknown to
+libpng.
If you wish to write your own transformation for the data, look through
the part of the code that does the transformations, and check out some of
@@ -3458,29 +4881,6 @@ the simpler ones to get an idea of how they work. Try to find a similar
transformation to the one you want to add and copy off of it. More details
can be found in the comments inside the code itself.
-.SS Configuring for 16 bit platforms
-
-You will want to look into zconf.h to tell zlib (and thus libpng) that
-it cannot allocate more then 64K at a time. Even if you can, the memory
-won't be accessible. So limit zlib and libpng to 64K by defining MAXSEG_64K.
-
-.SS Configuring for DOS
-
-For DOS users who only have access to the lower 640K, you will
-have to limit zlib's memory usage via a png_set_compression_mem_level()
-call. See zlib.h or zconf.h in the zlib library for more information.
-
-.SS Configuring for Medium Model
-
-Libpng's support for medium model has been tested on most of the popular
-compilers. Make sure MAXSEG_64K gets defined, USE_FAR_KEYWORD gets
-defined, and FAR gets defined to far in pngconf.h, and you should be
-all set. Everything in the library (except for zlib's structure) is
-expecting far data. You must use the typedefs with the p or pp on
-the end for pointers (or at least look at them and be careful). Make
-note that the rows of data are defined as png_bytepp, which is an
-unsigned char far * far *.
-
.SS Configuring for gui/windowing platforms:
You will need to write new error and warning functions that use the GUI
@@ -3490,15 +4890,6 @@ in order to have them available during the structure initialization.
They can be changed later via png_set_error_fn(). On some compilers,
you may also have to change the memory allocators (png_malloc, etc.).
-.SS Configuring for compiler xxx:
-
-All includes for libpng are in pngconf.h. If you need to add, change
-or delete an include, this is the place to do it.
-The includes that are not needed outside libpng are protected by the
-PNG_INTERNAL definition, which is only defined for those routines inside
-libpng itself. The files in libpng proper only include png.h, which
-includes pngconf.h.
-
.SS Configuring zlib:
There are special functions to configure the compression. Perhaps the
@@ -3513,6 +4904,7 @@ specify no compression (Z_NO_COMPRESSION = 0), but this would create
files larger than just storing the raw bitmap. You can specify the
compression level by calling:
+ #include zlib.h
png_set_compression_level(png_ptr, level);
Another useful one is to reduce the memory level used by the library.
@@ -3523,19 +4915,45 @@ other things, lower levels will result in sections of incompressible
data being emitted in smaller stored blocks, with a correspondingly
larger relative overhead of up to 15% in the worst case.
+ #include zlib.h
png_set_compression_mem_level(png_ptr, level);
The other functions are for configuring zlib. They are not recommended
for normal use and may result in writing an invalid PNG file. See
zlib.h for more information on what these mean.
+ #include zlib.h
png_set_compression_strategy(png_ptr,
strategy);
+
png_set_compression_window_bits(png_ptr,
window_bits);
+
png_set_compression_method(png_ptr, method);
+
+This controls the size of the IDAT chunks (default 8192):
+
png_set_compression_buffer_size(png_ptr, size);
+As of libpng version 1.5.4, additional APIs became
+available to set these separately for non-IDAT
+compressed chunks such as zTXt, iTXt, and iCCP:
+
+ #include zlib.h
+ #if PNG_LIBPNG_VER >= 10504
+ png_set_text_compression_level(png_ptr, level);
+
+ png_set_text_compression_mem_level(png_ptr, level);
+
+ png_set_text_compression_strategy(png_ptr,
+ strategy);
+
+ png_set_text_compression_window_bits(png_ptr,
+ window_bits);
+
+ png_set_text_compression_method(png_ptr, method);
+ #endif
+
.SS Controlling row filtering
If you want to control whether libpng uses filtering or not, which
@@ -3550,8 +4968,9 @@ for any images with bit depths less than 8 bits/pixel.
The 'method' parameter sets the main filtering method, which is
currently only '0' in the PNG 1.2 specification. The 'filters'
parameter sets which filter(s), if any, should be used for each
-scanline. Possible values are PNG_ALL_FILTERS and PNG_NO_FILTERS
-to turn filtering on and off, respectively.
+scanline. Possible values are PNG_ALL_FILTERS, PNG_NO_FILTERS,
+or PNG_FAST_FILTERS to turn filtering on and off, or to turn on
+just the fast-decoding subset of filters, respectively.
Individual filter types are PNG_FILTER_NONE, PNG_FILTER_SUB,
PNG_FILTER_UP, PNG_FILTER_AVG, PNG_FILTER_PAETH, which can be bitwise
@@ -3565,12 +4984,19 @@ means the first row must always be adaptively filtered, because libpng
currently does not allocate the filter buffers until png_write_row()
is called for the first time.)
- filters = PNG_FILTER_NONE | PNG_FILTER_SUB
+ filters = PNG_NO_FILTERS;
+ filters = PNG_ALL_FILTERS;
+ filters = PNG_FAST_FILTERS;
+
+ or
+
+ filters = PNG_FILTER_NONE | PNG_FILTER_SUB |
PNG_FILTER_UP | PNG_FILTER_AVG |
- PNG_FILTER_PAETH | PNG_ALL_FILTERS;
+ PNG_FILTER_PAETH;
png_set_filter(png_ptr, PNG_FILTER_TYPE_BASE,
filters);
+
The second parameter can also be
PNG_INTRAPIXEL_DIFFERENCING if you are
writing a PNG to be embedded in a MNG
@@ -3578,79 +5004,6 @@ is called for the first time.)
same as the value of filter_method used
in png_set_IHDR().
-It is also possible to influence how libpng chooses from among the
-available filters. This is done in one or both of two ways - by
-telling it how important it is to keep the same filter for successive
-rows, and by telling it the relative computational costs of the filters.
-
- double weights[3] = {1.5, 1.3, 1.1},
- costs[PNG_FILTER_VALUE_LAST] =
- {1.0, 1.3, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7};
-
- png_set_filter_heuristics(png_ptr,
- PNG_FILTER_HEURISTIC_WEIGHTED, 3,
- weights, costs);
-
-The weights are multiplying factors that indicate to libpng that the
-row filter should be the same for successive rows unless another row filter
-is that many times better than the previous filter. In the above example,
-if the previous 3 filters were SUB, SUB, NONE, the SUB filter could have a
-"sum of absolute differences" 1.5 x 1.3 times higher than other filters
-and still be chosen, while the NONE filter could have a sum 1.1 times
-higher than other filters and still be chosen. Unspecified weights are
-taken to be 1.0, and the specified weights should probably be declining
-like those above in order to emphasize recent filters over older filters.
-
-The filter costs specify for each filter type a relative decoding cost
-to be considered when selecting row filters. This means that filters
-with higher costs are less likely to be chosen over filters with lower
-costs, unless their "sum of absolute differences" is that much smaller.
-The costs do not necessarily reflect the exact computational speeds of
-the various filters, since this would unduly influence the final image
-size.
-
-Note that the numbers above were invented purely for this example and
-are given only to help explain the function usage. Little testing has
-been done to find optimum values for either the costs or the weights.
-
-.SS Removing unwanted object code
-
-There are a bunch of #define's in pngconf.h that control what parts of
-libpng are compiled. All the defines end in _SUPPORTED. If you are
-never going to use a capability, you can change the #define to #undef
-before recompiling libpng and save yourself code and data space, or
-you can turn off individual capabilities with defines that begin with
-PNG_NO_.
-
-You can also turn all of the transforms and ancillary chunk capabilities
-off en masse with compiler directives that define
-PNG_NO_READ[or WRITE]_TRANSFORMS, or PNG_NO_READ[or WRITE]_ANCILLARY_CHUNKS,
-or all four,
-along with directives to turn on any of the capabilities that you do
-want. The PNG_NO_READ[or WRITE]_TRANSFORMS directives disable the extra
-transformations but still leave the library fully capable of reading
-and writing PNG files with all known public chunks. Use of the
-PNG_NO_READ[or WRITE]_ANCILLARY_CHUNKS directive produces a library
-that is incapable of reading or writing ancillary chunks. If you are
-not using the progressive reading capability, you can turn that off
-with PNG_NO_PROGRESSIVE_READ (don't confuse this with the INTERLACING
-capability, which you'll still have).
-
-All the reading and writing specific code are in separate files, so the
-linker should only grab the files it needs. However, if you want to
-make sure, or if you are building a stand alone library, all the
-reading files start with pngr and all the writing files start with
-pngw. The files that don't match either (like png.c, pngtrans.c, etc.)
-are used for both reading and writing, and always need to be included.
-The progressive reader is in pngpread.c
-
-If you are creating or distributing a dynamically linked library (a .so
-or DLL file), you should not remove or disable any parts of the library,
-as this will cause applications linked with different versions of the
-library to fail if they call functions not available in your library.
-The size of the library itself should not be an issue, because only
-those sections that are actually used will be loaded into memory.
-
.SS Requesting debug printout
The macro definition PNG_DEBUG can be used to request debugging
@@ -3670,12 +5023,12 @@ the message, "message" is the formatted string to be printed,
and p1 and p2 are parameters that are to be embedded in the string
according to printf-style formatting directives. For example,
- png_debug1(2, "foo=%d\n", foo);
+ png_debug1(2, "foo=%d", foo);
is expanded to
- if(PNG_DEBUG > 2)
- fprintf(PNG_DEBUG_FILE, "foo=%d\n", foo);
+ if (PNG_DEBUG > 2)
+ fprintf(PNG_DEBUG_FILE, "foo=%d\en", foo);
When PNG_DEBUG is defined but is zero, the macros aren't defined, but you
can still use PNG_DEBUG to control your own debugging:
@@ -3688,7 +5041,7 @@ When PNG_DEBUG = 1, the macros are defined, but only png_debug statements
having level = 0 will be printed. There aren't any such statements in
this version of libpng, but if you insert some they will be printed.
-.SH VI. MNG support
+.SH VII. MNG support
The MNG specification (available at http://www.libpng.org/pub/mng) allows
certain extensions to PNG for PNG images that are embedded in MNG datastreams.
@@ -3696,11 +5049,13 @@ Libpng can support some of these extensions. To enable them, use the
png_permit_mng_features() function:
feature_set = png_permit_mng_features(png_ptr, mask)
+
mask is a png_uint_32 containing the bitwise OR of the
features you want to enable. These include
PNG_FLAG_MNG_EMPTY_PLTE
PNG_FLAG_MNG_FILTER_64
PNG_ALL_MNG_FEATURES
+
feature_set is a png_uint_32 that is the bitwise AND of
your mask with the set of MNG features that is
supported by the version of libpng that you are using.
@@ -3711,9 +5066,9 @@ in a MNG datastream. As a minimum, it must have the MNG 8-byte signature
and the MHDR and MEND chunks. Libpng does not provide support for these
or any other MNG chunks; your application must provide its own support for
them. You may wish to consider using libmng (available at
-http://www.libmng.com) instead.
+https://www.libmng.com/) instead.
-.SH VII. Changes to Libpng from version 0.88
+.SH VIII. Changes to Libpng from version 0.88
It should be noted that versions of libpng later than 0.96 are not
distributed by the original libpng author, Guy Schalnat, nor by
@@ -3725,7 +5080,7 @@ still alive and well, but they have moved on to other things.
The old libpng functions png_read_init(), png_write_init(),
png_info_init(), png_read_destroy(), and png_write_destroy() have been
moved to PNG_INTERNAL in version 0.95 to discourage their use. These
-functions will be removed from libpng version 2.0.0.
+functions will be removed from libpng version 1.4.0.
The preferred method of creating and initializing the libpng structures is
via the png_create_read_struct(), png_create_write_struct(), and
@@ -3748,6 +5103,9 @@ png_set_error_fn(), which is essentially the same function, but with a new
name to force compilation errors with applications that try to use the old
method.
+Support for the sCAL, iCCP, iTXt, and sPLT chunks was added at libpng-1.0.6;
+however, iTXt support was not enabled by default.
+
Starting with version 1.0.7, you can find out which version of the library
you are using at run-time:
@@ -3757,12 +5115,15 @@ The number libpng_vn is constructed from the major version, minor
version with leading zero, and release number with leading zero,
(e.g., libpng_vn for version 1.0.7 is 10007).
+Note that this function does not take a png_ptr, so you can call it
+before you've created one.
+
You can also check which version of png.h you used when compiling your
application:
png_uint_32 application_vn = PNG_LIBPNG_VER;
-.SH VIII. Changes to Libpng from version 1.0.x to 1.2.x
+.SH IX. Changes to Libpng from version 1.0.x to 1.2.x
Support for user memory management was enabled by default. To
accomplish this, the functions png_create_read_struct_2(),
@@ -3859,10 +5220,538 @@ which also expands tRNS to alpha was replaced with
png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8()
which does not. It has been deprecated since libpng-1.0.18 and 1.2.9.
-.SH IX. (Omitted)
+.SH X. Changes to Libpng from version 1.0.x/1.2.x to 1.4.x
+
+Private libpng prototypes and macro definitions were moved from
+png.h and pngconf.h into a new pngpriv.h header file.
+
+Functions png_set_benign_errors(), png_benign_error(), and
+png_chunk_benign_error() were added.
+
+Support for setting the maximum amount of memory that the application
+will allocate for reading chunks was added, as a security measure.
+The functions png_set_chunk_cache_max() and png_get_chunk_cache_max()
+were added to the library.
+
+We implemented support for I/O states by adding png_ptr member io_state
+and functions png_get_io_chunk_name() and png_get_io_state() in pngget.c
+
+We added PNG_TRANSFORM_GRAY_TO_RGB to the available high-level
+input transforms.
+
+Checking for and reporting of errors in the IHDR chunk is more thorough.
+
+Support for global arrays was removed, to improve thread safety.
+
+Some obsolete/deprecated macros and functions have been removed.
+
+Typecasted NULL definitions such as
+ #define png_voidp_NULL (png_voidp)NULL
+were eliminated. If you used these in your application, just use
+NULL instead.
+
+The png_struct and info_struct members "trans" and "trans_values" were
+changed to "trans_alpha" and "trans_color", respectively.
+The obsolete, unused pnggccrd.c and pngvcrd.c files and related makefiles
+were removed.
-.SH X. Detecting libpng
+The PNG_1_0_X and PNG_1_2_X macros were eliminated.
+
+The PNG_LEGACY_SUPPORTED macro was eliminated.
+
+Many WIN32_WCE #ifdefs were removed.
+
+The functions png_read_init(info_ptr), png_write_init(info_ptr),
+png_info_init(info_ptr), png_read_destroy(), and png_write_destroy()
+have been removed. They have been deprecated since libpng-0.95.
+
+The png_permit_empty_plte() was removed. It has been deprecated
+since libpng-1.0.9. Use png_permit_mng_features() instead.
+
+We removed the obsolete stub functions png_get_mmx_flagmask(),
+png_set_mmx_thresholds(), png_get_asm_flags(),
+png_get_mmx_bitdepth_threshold(), png_get_mmx_rowbytes_threshold(),
+png_set_asm_flags(), and png_mmx_supported()
+
+We removed the obsolete png_check_sig(), png_memcpy_check(), and
+png_memset_check() functions. Instead use !png_sig_cmp(), memcpy(),
+and memset(), respectively.
+
+The function png_set_gray_1_2_4_to_8() was removed. It has been
+deprecated since libpng-1.0.18 and 1.2.9, when it was replaced with
+png_set_expand_gray_1_2_4_to_8() because the former function also
+expanded any tRNS chunk to an alpha channel.
+
+Macros for png_get_uint_16, png_get_uint_32, and png_get_int_32
+were added and are used by default instead of the corresponding
+functions. Unfortunately,
+from libpng-1.4.0 until 1.4.4, the png_get_uint_16 macro (but not the
+function) incorrectly returned a value of type png_uint_32.
+
+We changed the prototype for png_malloc() from
+ png_malloc(png_structp png_ptr, png_uint_32 size)
+to
+ png_malloc(png_structp png_ptr, png_alloc_size_t size)
+
+This also applies to the prototype for the user replacement malloc_fn().
+
+The png_calloc() function was added and is used in place of
+of "png_malloc(); memset();" except in the case in png_read_png()
+where the array consists of pointers; in this case a "for" loop is used
+after the png_malloc() to set the pointers to NULL, to give robust.
+behavior in case the application runs out of memory part-way through
+the process.
+
+We changed the prototypes of png_get_compression_buffer_size() and
+png_set_compression_buffer_size() to work with size_t instead of
+png_uint_32.
+
+Support for numbered error messages was removed by default, since we
+never got around to actually numbering the error messages. The function
+png_set_strip_error_numbers() was removed from the library by default.
+
+The png_zalloc() and png_zfree() functions are no longer exported.
+The png_zalloc() function no longer zeroes out the memory that it
+allocates. Applications that called png_zalloc(png_ptr, number, size)
+can call png_calloc(png_ptr, number*size) instead, and can call
+png_free() instead of png_zfree().
+
+Support for dithering was disabled by default in libpng-1.4.0, because
+it has not been well tested and doesn't actually "dither".
+The code was not
+removed, however, and could be enabled by building libpng with
+PNG_READ_DITHER_SUPPORTED defined. In libpng-1.4.2, this support
+was re-enabled, but the function was renamed png_set_quantize() to
+reflect more accurately what it actually does. At the same time,
+the PNG_DITHER_[RED,GREEN_BLUE]_BITS macros were also renamed to
+PNG_QUANTIZE_[RED,GREEN,BLUE]_BITS, and PNG_READ_DITHER_SUPPORTED
+was renamed to PNG_READ_QUANTIZE_SUPPORTED.
+
+We removed the trailing '.' from the warning and error messages.
+
+.SH XI. Changes to Libpng from version 1.4.x to 1.5.x
+
+From libpng-1.4.0 until 1.4.4, the png_get_uint_16 macro (but not the
+function) incorrectly returned a value of type png_uint_32.
+The incorrect macro was removed from libpng-1.4.5.
+
+Checking for invalid palette index on write was added at libpng
+1.5.10. If a pixel contains an invalid (out-of-range) index libpng issues
+a benign error. This is enabled by default because this condition is an
+error according to the PNG specification, Clause 11.3.2, but the error can
+be ignored in each png_ptr with
+
+ png_set_check_for_invalid_index(png_ptr, allowed);
+
+ allowed - one of
+ 0: disable benign error (accept the
+ invalid data without warning).
+ 1: enable benign error (treat the
+ invalid data as an error or a
+ warning).
+
+If the error is ignored, or if png_benign_error() treats it as a warning,
+any invalid pixels are decoded as opaque black by the decoder and written
+as-is by the encoder.
+
+Retrieving the maximum palette index found was added at libpng-1.5.15.
+This statement must appear after png_read_png() or png_read_image() while
+reading, and after png_write_png() or png_write_image() while writing.
+
+ int max_palette = png_get_palette_max(png_ptr, info_ptr);
+
+This will return the maximum palette index found in the image, or "\-1" if
+the palette was not checked, or "0" if no palette was found. Note that this
+does not account for any palette index used by ancillary chunks such as the
+bKGD chunk; you must check those separately to determine the maximum
+palette index actually used.
+
+There are no substantial API changes between the non-deprecated parts of
+the 1.4.5 API and the 1.5.0 API; however, the ability to directly access
+members of the main libpng control structures, png_struct and png_info,
+deprecated in earlier versions of libpng, has been completely removed from
+libpng 1.5, and new private "pngstruct.h", "pnginfo.h", and "pngdebug.h"
+header files were created.
+
+We no longer include zlib.h in png.h. The include statement has been moved
+to pngstruct.h, where it is not accessible by applications. Applications that
+need access to information in zlib.h will need to add the '#include "zlib.h"'
+directive. It does not matter whether this is placed prior to or after
+the '"#include png.h"' directive.
+
+The png_sprintf(), png_strcpy(), and png_strncpy() macros are no longer used
+and were removed.
+
+We moved the png_strlen(), png_memcpy(), png_memset(), and png_memcmp()
+macros into a private header file (pngpriv.h) that is not accessible to
+applications.
+
+In png_get_iCCP, the type of "profile" was changed from png_charpp
+to png_bytepp, and in png_set_iCCP, from png_charp to png_const_bytep.
+
+There are changes of form in png.h, including new and changed macros to
+declare parts of the API. Some API functions with arguments that are
+pointers to data not modified within the function have been corrected to
+declare these arguments with const.
+
+Much of the internal use of C macros to control the library build has also
+changed and some of this is visible in the exported header files, in
+particular the use of macros to control data and API elements visible
+during application compilation may require significant revision to
+application code. (It is extremely rare for an application to do this.)
+
+Any program that compiled against libpng 1.4 and did not use deprecated
+features or access internal library structures should compile and work
+against libpng 1.5, except for the change in the prototype for
+png_get_iCCP() and png_set_iCCP() API functions mentioned above.
+
+libpng 1.5.0 adds PNG_ PASS macros to help in the reading and writing of
+interlaced images. The macros return the number of rows and columns in
+each pass and information that can be used to de-interlace and (if
+absolutely necessary) interlace an image.
+
+libpng 1.5.0 adds an API png_longjmp(png_ptr, value). This API calls
+the application-provided png_longjmp_ptr on the internal, but application
+initialized, longjmp buffer. It is provided as a convenience to avoid
+the need to use the png_jmpbuf macro, which had the unnecessary side
+effect of resetting the internal png_longjmp_ptr value.
+
+libpng 1.5.0 includes a complete fixed point API. By default this is
+present along with the corresponding floating point API. In general the
+fixed point API is faster and smaller than the floating point one because
+the PNG file format used fixed point, not floating point. This applies
+even if the library uses floating point in internal calculations. A new
+macro, PNG_FLOATING_ARITHMETIC_SUPPORTED, reveals whether the library
+uses floating point arithmetic (the default) or fixed point arithmetic
+internally for performance critical calculations such as gamma correction.
+In some cases, the gamma calculations may produce slightly different
+results. This has changed the results in png_rgb_to_gray and in alpha
+composition (png_set_background for example). This applies even if the
+original image was already linear (gamma == 1.0) and, therefore, it is
+not necessary to linearize the image. This is because libpng has *not*
+been changed to optimize that case correctly, yet.
+
+Fixed point support for the sCAL chunk comes with an important caveat;
+the sCAL specification uses a decimal encoding of floating point values
+and the accuracy of PNG fixed point values is insufficient for
+representation of these values. Consequently a "string" API
+(png_get_sCAL_s and png_set_sCAL_s) is the only reliable way of reading
+arbitrary sCAL chunks in the absence of either the floating point API or
+internal floating point calculations. Starting with libpng-1.5.0, both
+of these functions are present when PNG_sCAL_SUPPORTED is defined. Prior
+to libpng-1.5.0, their presence also depended upon PNG_FIXED_POINT_SUPPORTED
+being defined and PNG_FLOATING_POINT_SUPPORTED not being defined.
+
+Applications no longer need to include the optional distribution header
+file pngusr.h or define the corresponding macros during application
+build in order to see the correct variant of the libpng API. From 1.5.0
+application code can check for the corresponding _SUPPORTED macro:
+
+#ifdef PNG_INCH_CONVERSIONS_SUPPORTED
+ /* code that uses the inch conversion APIs. */
+#endif
+
+This macro will only be defined if the inch conversion functions have been
+compiled into libpng. The full set of macros, and whether or not support
+has been compiled in, are available in the header file pnglibconf.h.
+This header file is specific to the libpng build. Notice that prior to
+1.5.0 the _SUPPORTED macros would always have the default definition unless
+reset by pngusr.h or by explicit settings on the compiler command line.
+These settings may produce compiler warnings or errors in 1.5.0 because
+of macro redefinition.
+
+Applications can now choose whether to use these macros or to call the
+corresponding function by defining PNG_USE_READ_MACROS or
+PNG_NO_USE_READ_MACROS before including png.h. Notice that this is
+only supported from 1.5.0; defining PNG_NO_USE_READ_MACROS prior to 1.5.0
+will lead to a link failure.
+
+Prior to libpng-1.5.4, the zlib compressor used the same set of parameters
+when compressing the IDAT data and textual data such as zTXt and iCCP.
+In libpng-1.5.4 we reinitialized the zlib stream for each type of data.
+We added five png_set_text_*() functions for setting the parameters to
+use with textual data.
+
+Prior to libpng-1.5.4, the PNG_READ_16_TO_8_ACCURATE_SCALE_SUPPORTED
+option was off by default, and slightly inaccurate scaling occurred.
+This option can no longer be turned off, and the choice of accurate
+or inaccurate 16-to-8 scaling is by using the new png_set_scale_16_to_8()
+API for accurate scaling or the old png_set_strip_16_to_8() API for simple
+chopping. In libpng-1.5.4, the PNG_READ_16_TO_8_ACCURATE_SCALE_SUPPORTED
+macro became PNG_READ_SCALE_16_TO_8_SUPPORTED, and the PNG_READ_16_TO_8
+macro became PNG_READ_STRIP_16_TO_8_SUPPORTED, to enable the two
+png_set_*_16_to_8() functions separately.
+
+Prior to libpng-1.5.4, the png_set_user_limits() function could only be
+used to reduce the width and height limits from the value of
+PNG_USER_WIDTH_MAX and PNG_USER_HEIGHT_MAX, although this document said
+that it could be used to override them. Now this function will reduce or
+increase the limits.
+
+Starting in libpng-1.5.22, default user limits were established. These
+can be overridden by application calls to png_set_user_limits(),
+png_set_user_chunk_cache_max(), and/or png_set_user_malloc_max().
+The limits are now
+ max possible default
+ png_user_width_max 0x7fffffff 1,000,000
+ png_user_height_max 0x7fffffff 1,000,000
+ png_user_chunk_cache_max 0 (unlimited) 1000
+ png_user_chunk_malloc_max 0 (unlimited) 8,000,000
+
+The png_set_option() function (and the "options" member of the png struct) was
+added to libpng-1.5.15, with option PNG_ARM_NEON.
+
+The library now supports a complete fixed point implementation and can
+thus be used on systems that have no floating point support or very
+limited or slow support. Previously gamma correction, an essential part
+of complete PNG support, required reasonably fast floating point.
+
+As part of this the choice of internal implementation has been made
+independent of the choice of fixed versus floating point APIs and all the
+missing fixed point APIs have been implemented.
+
+The exact mechanism used to control attributes of API functions has
+changed, as described in the INSTALL file.
+
+A new test program, pngvalid, is provided in addition to pngtest.
+pngvalid validates the arithmetic accuracy of the gamma correction
+calculations and includes a number of validations of the file format.
+A subset of the full range of tests is run when "make check" is done
+(in the 'configure' build.) pngvalid also allows total allocated memory
+usage to be evaluated and performs additional memory overwrite validation.
+
+Many changes to individual feature macros have been made. The following
+are the changes most likely to be noticed by library builders who
+configure libpng:
+
+1) All feature macros now have consistent naming:
+
+#define PNG_NO_feature turns the feature off
+#define PNG_feature_SUPPORTED turns the feature on
+
+pnglibconf.h contains one line for each feature macro which is either:
+
+#define PNG_feature_SUPPORTED
+
+if the feature is supported or:
+
+/*#undef PNG_feature_SUPPORTED*/
+
+if it is not. Library code consistently checks for the 'SUPPORTED' macro.
+It does not, and libpng applications should not, check for the 'NO' macro
+which will not normally be defined even if the feature is not supported.
+The 'NO' macros are only used internally for setting or not setting the
+corresponding 'SUPPORTED' macros.
+
+Compatibility with the old names is provided as follows:
+
+PNG_INCH_CONVERSIONS turns on PNG_INCH_CONVERSIONS_SUPPORTED
+
+And the following definitions disable the corresponding feature:
+
+PNG_SETJMP_NOT_SUPPORTED disables SETJMP
+PNG_READ_TRANSFORMS_NOT_SUPPORTED disables READ_TRANSFORMS
+PNG_NO_READ_COMPOSITED_NODIV disables READ_COMPOSITE_NODIV
+PNG_WRITE_TRANSFORMS_NOT_SUPPORTED disables WRITE_TRANSFORMS
+PNG_READ_ANCILLARY_CHUNKS_NOT_SUPPORTED disables READ_ANCILLARY_CHUNKS
+PNG_WRITE_ANCILLARY_CHUNKS_NOT_SUPPORTED disables WRITE_ANCILLARY_CHUNKS
+
+Library builders should remove use of the above, inconsistent, names.
+
+2) Warning and error message formatting was previously conditional on
+the STDIO feature. The library has been changed to use the
+CONSOLE_IO feature instead. This means that if CONSOLE_IO is disabled
+the library no longer uses the printf(3) functions, even though the
+default read/write implementations use (FILE) style stdio.h functions.
+
+3) Three feature macros now control the fixed/floating point decisions:
+
+PNG_FLOATING_POINT_SUPPORTED enables the floating point APIs
+
+PNG_FIXED_POINT_SUPPORTED enables the fixed point APIs; however, in
+practice these are normally required internally anyway (because the PNG
+file format is fixed point), therefore in most cases PNG_NO_FIXED_POINT
+merely stops the function from being exported.
+
+PNG_FLOATING_ARITHMETIC_SUPPORTED chooses between the internal floating
+point implementation or the fixed point one. Typically the fixed point
+implementation is larger and slower than the floating point implementation
+on a system that supports floating point; however, it may be faster on a
+system which lacks floating point hardware and therefore uses a software
+emulation.
+
+4) Added PNG_{READ,WRITE}_INT_FUNCTIONS_SUPPORTED. This allows the
+functions to read and write ints to be disabled independently of
+PNG_USE_READ_MACROS, which allows libpng to be built with the functions
+even though the default is to use the macros - this allows applications
+to choose at app buildtime whether or not to use macros (previously
+impossible because the functions weren't in the default build.)
+
+.SH XII. Changes to Libpng from version 1.5.x to 1.6.x
+
+A "simplified API" has been added (see documentation in png.h and a simple
+example in contrib/examples/pngtopng.c). The new publicly visible API
+includes the following:
+
+ macros:
+ PNG_FORMAT_*
+ PNG_IMAGE_*
+ structures:
+ png_control
+ png_image
+ read functions
+ png_image_begin_read_from_file()
+ png_image_begin_read_from_stdio()
+ png_image_begin_read_from_memory()
+ png_image_finish_read()
+ png_image_free()
+ write functions
+ png_image_write_to_file()
+ png_image_write_to_memory()
+ png_image_write_to_stdio()
+
+Starting with libpng-1.6.0, you can configure libpng to prefix all exported
+symbols, using the PNG_PREFIX macro.
+
+We no longer include string.h in png.h. The include statement has been moved
+to pngpriv.h, where it is not accessible by applications. Applications that
+need access to information in string.h must add an '#include <string.h>'
+directive. It does not matter whether this is placed prior to or after
+the '#include "png.h"' directive.
+
+The following API are now DEPRECATED:
+ png_info_init_3()
+ png_convert_to_rfc1123() which has been replaced
+ with png_convert_to_rfc1123_buffer()
+ png_malloc_default()
+ png_free_default()
+ png_reset_zstream()
+
+The following have been removed:
+ png_get_io_chunk_name(), which has been replaced
+ with png_get_io_chunk_type(). The new
+ function returns a 32-bit integer instead of
+ a string.
+ The png_sizeof(), png_strlen(), png_memcpy(), png_memcmp(), and
+ png_memset() macros are no longer used in the libpng sources and
+ have been removed. These had already been made invisible to applications
+ (i.e., defined in the private pngpriv.h header file) since libpng-1.5.0.
+
+The signatures of many exported functions were changed, such that
+ png_structp became png_structrp or png_const_structrp
+ png_infop became png_inforp or png_const_inforp
+where "rp" indicates a "restricted pointer".
+
+Dropped support for 16-bit platforms. The support for FAR/far types has
+been eliminated and the definition of png_alloc_size_t is now controlled
+by a flag so that 'small size_t' systems can select it if necessary.
+
+Error detection in some chunks has improved; in particular the iCCP chunk
+reader now does pretty complete validation of the basic format. Some bad
+profiles that were previously accepted are now accepted with a warning or
+rejected, depending upon the png_set_benign_errors() setting, in particular
+the very old broken Microsoft/HP 3144-byte sRGB profile. Starting with
+libpng-1.6.11, recognizing and checking sRGB profiles can be avoided by
+means of
+
+ #if defined(PNG_SKIP_sRGB_CHECK_PROFILE) && \
+ defined(PNG_SET_OPTION_SUPPORTED)
+ png_set_option(png_ptr, PNG_SKIP_sRGB_CHECK_PROFILE,
+ PNG_OPTION_ON);
+ #endif
+
+It's not a good idea to do this if you are using the "simplified API",
+which needs to be able to recognize sRGB profiles conveyed via the iCCP
+chunk.
+
+The PNG spec requirement that only grayscale profiles may appear in images
+with color type 0 or 4 and that even if the image only contains gray pixels,
+only RGB profiles may appear in images with color type 2, 3, or 6, is now
+enforced. The sRGB chunk is allowed to appear in images with any color type
+and is interpreted by libpng to convey a one-tracer-curve gray profile or a
+three-tracer-curve RGB profile as appropriate.
+
+Libpng 1.5.x erroneously used /MD for Debug DLL builds; if you used the debug
+builds in your app and you changed your app to use /MD you will need to
+change it back to /MDd for libpng 1.6.x.
+
+Prior to libpng-1.6.0 a warning would be issued if the iTXt chunk contained
+an empty language field or an empty translated keyword. Both of these
+are allowed by the PNG specification, so these warnings are no longer issued.
+
+The library now issues an error if the application attempts to set a
+transform after it calls png_read_update_info() or if it attempts to call
+both png_read_update_info() and png_start_read_image() or to call either
+of them more than once.
+
+The default condition for benign_errors is now to treat benign errors as
+warnings while reading and as errors while writing.
+
+The library now issues a warning if both background processing and RGB to
+gray are used when gamma correction happens. As with previous versions of
+the library the results are numerically very incorrect in this case.
+
+There are some minor arithmetic changes in some transforms such as
+png_set_background(), that might be detected by certain regression tests.
+
+Unknown chunk handling has been improved internally, without any API change.
+This adds more correct option control of the unknown handling, corrects
+a pre-existing bug where the per-chunk 'keep' setting is ignored, and makes
+it possible to skip IDAT chunks in the sequential reader.
+
+The machine-generated configure files are no longer included in branches
+libpng16 and later of the GIT repository. They continue to be included
+in the tarball releases, however.
+
+Libpng-1.6.0 through 1.6.2 used the CMF bytes at the beginning of the IDAT
+stream to set the size of the sliding window for reading instead of using the
+default 32-kbyte sliding window size. It was discovered that there are
+hundreds of PNG files in the wild that have incorrect CMF bytes that caused
+zlib to issue the "invalid distance too far back" error and reject the file.
+Libpng-1.6.3 and later calculate their own safe CMF from the image dimensions,
+provide a way to revert to the libpng-1.5.x behavior (ignoring the CMF bytes
+and using a 32-kbyte sliding window), by using
+
+ png_set_option(png_ptr, PNG_MAXIMUM_INFLATE_WINDOW,
+ PNG_OPTION_ON);
+
+and provide a tool (contrib/tools/pngfix) for rewriting a PNG file while
+optimizing the CMF bytes in its IDAT chunk correctly.
+
+Libpng-1.6.0 and libpng-1.6.1 wrote uncompressed iTXt chunks with the wrong
+length, which resulted in PNG files that cannot be read beyond the bad iTXt
+chunk. This error was fixed in libpng-1.6.3, and a tool (called
+contrib/tools/png-fix-itxt) has been added to the libpng distribution.
+
+Starting with libpng-1.6.17, the PNG_SAFE_LIMITS macro was eliminated
+and safe limits are used by default (users who need larger limits
+can still override them at compile time or run time, as described above).
+
+The new limits are
+ default spec limit
+ png_user_width_max 1,000,000 2,147,483,647
+ png_user_height_max 1,000,000 2,147,483,647
+ png_user_chunk_cache_max 128 unlimited
+ png_user_chunk_malloc_max 8,000,000 unlimited
+
+Starting with libpng-1.6.18, a PNG_RELEASE_BUILD macro was added, which allows
+library builders to control compilation for an installed system (a release build).
+It can be set for testing debug or beta builds to ensure that they will compile
+when the build type is switched to RC or STABLE. In essence this overrides the
+PNG_LIBPNG_BUILD_BASE_TYPE definition which is not directly user controllable.
+
+Starting with libpng-1.6.19, attempting to set an over-length PLTE chunk
+is an error. Previously this requirement of the PNG specification was not
+enforced, and the palette was always limited to 256 entries. An over-length
+PLTE chunk found in an input PNG is silently truncated.
+
+Starting with libpng-1.6.31, the eXIf chunk is supported. Libpng does not
+attempt to decode the Exif profile; it simply returns a byte array
+containing the profile to the calling application which must do its own
+decoding.
+
+.SH XIII. Detecting libpng
The png_get_io_ptr() function has been present since libpng-0.88, has never
changed, and is unaffected by conditional compilation macros. It is the
@@ -3871,28 +5760,39 @@ libpng version since 0.88. In an autoconf "configure.in" you could use
AC_CHECK_LIB(png, png_get_io_ptr, ...
-.SH XI. Source code repository
+.SH XV. Source code repository
Since about February 2009, version 1.2.34, libpng has been under "git" source
control. The git repository was built from old libpng-x.y.z.tar.gz files
going back to version 0.70. You can access the git repository (read only)
at
- git://libpng.git.sourceforge.net/gitroot/libpng
+ https://github.com/glennrp/libpng or
+ https://git.code.sf.net/p/libpng/code.git
+
+or you can browse it with a web browser at
-or you can browse it via "gitweb" at
+ https://github.com/glennrp/libpng or
+ https://sourceforge.net/p/libpng/code/ci/libpng16/tree/
- http://libpng.git.sourceforge.net/git/gitweb.cgi?p=libpng
+Patches can be sent to png-mng-implement at lists.sourceforge.net or
+uploaded to the libpng bug tracker at
-Patches can be sent to glennrp at users.sourceforge.net or to
-png-mng-implement at lists.sourceforge.net or you can upload them to
-the libpng bug tracker at
+ https://libpng.sourceforge.io/
- http://libpng.sourceforge.net
+or as a "pull request" to
-.SH XII. Coding style
+ https://github.com/glennrp/libpng/pulls
-Our coding style is similar to the "Allman" style, with curly
+We also accept patches built from the tar or zip distributions, and
+simple verbal descriptions of bug fixes, reported either to the
+SourceForge bug tracker, to the png-mng-implement at lists.sf.net
+mailing list, as github issues.
+
+.SH XV. Coding style
+
+Our coding style is similar to the "Allman" style
+(See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indent_style#Allman_style), with curly
braces on separate lines:
if (condition)
@@ -3908,7 +5808,7 @@ braces on separate lines:
The braces can be omitted from simple one-line actions:
if (condition)
- return (0);
+ return 0;
We use 3-space indentation, except for continued statements which
are usually indented the same as the first line of the statement
@@ -3929,12 +5829,12 @@ the statement that follows the comment:
/* Single-line comment */
statement;
- /* Multiple-line
- * comment
+ /* This is a multiple-line
+ * comment.
*/
statement;
-Very short comments can be placed at the end of the statement
+Very short comments can be placed after the end of the statement
to which they pertain:
statement; /* comment */
@@ -3947,7 +5847,7 @@ Functions and their curly braces are not indented, and
exported functions are marked with PNGAPI:
/* This is a public function that is visible to
- * application programers. It does thus-and-so.
+ * application programmers. It does thus-and-so.
*/
void PNGAPI
png_exported_function(png_ptr, png_info, foo)
@@ -3955,6 +5855,9 @@ exported functions are marked with PNGAPI:
body;
}
+The return type and decorations are placed on a separate line
+ahead of the function name, as illustrated above.
+
The prototypes for all exported functions appear in png.h,
above the comment that says
@@ -3969,90 +5872,60 @@ We mark all non-exported functions with "/* PRIVATE */"":
}
The prototypes for non-exported functions (except for those in
-pngtest) appear in
-the PNG_INTERNAL section of png.h
-above the comment that says
+pngtest) appear in pngpriv.h above the comment that says
- /* Maintainer: Put new private prototypes here ^ and in libpngpf.3 */
+ /* Maintainer: Put new private prototypes here ^ */
-The names of all exported functions and variables begin
-with "png_", and all publicly visible C preprocessor
-macros begin with "PNG_".
+To avoid polluting the global namespace, the names of all exported
+functions and variables begin with "png_", and all publicly visible C
+preprocessor macros begin with "PNG". We request that applications that
+use libpng *not* begin any of their own symbols with either of these strings.
-We put a space after each comma and after each semicolon
-in "for" statments, and we put spaces before and after each
-C binary operator and after "for" or "while". We don't
-put a space between a typecast and the expression being
-cast, nor do we put one between a function name and the
-left parenthesis that follows it:
+We put a space after the "sizeof" operator and we omit the
+optional parentheses around its argument when the argument
+is an expression, not a type name, and we always enclose the
+sizeof operator, with its argument, in parentheses:
- for (i = 2; i > 0; --i)
- y[i] = a(x) + (int)b;
-
-We prefer #ifdef and #ifndef to #if defined() and if !defined()
-when there is only one macro being tested.
-
-We do not use the TAB character for indentation in the C sources.
-
-Lines do not exceed 80 characters.
+ (sizeof (png_uint_32))
+ (sizeof array)
-Other rules can be inferred by inspecting the libpng source.
-
-.SH XIII. Y2K Compliance in libpng
-
-June 26, 2010
+Prior to libpng-1.6.0 we used a "png_sizeof()" macro, formatted as
+though it were a function.
-Since the PNG Development group is an ad-hoc body, we can't make
-an official declaration.
+Control keywords if, for, while, and switch are always followed by a space
+to distinguish them from function calls, which have no trailing space.
-This is your unofficial assurance that libpng from version 0.71 and
-upward through 1.2.44 are Y2K compliant. It is my belief that earlier
-versions were also Y2K compliant.
-
-Libpng only has three year fields. One is a 2-byte unsigned integer that
-will hold years up to 65535. The other two hold the date in text
-format, and will hold years up to 9999.
-
-The integer is
- "png_uint_16 year" in png_time_struct.
+We put a space after each comma and after each semicolon
+in "for" statements, and we put spaces before and after each
+C binary operator and after "for" or "while", and before
+"?". We don't put a space between a typecast and the expression
+being cast, nor do we put one between a function name and the
+left parenthesis that follows it:
-The strings are
- "png_charp time_buffer" in png_struct and
- "near_time_buffer", which is a local character string in png.c.
+ for (i = 2; i > 0; \-\-i)
+ y[i] = a(x) + (int)b;
-There are seven time-related functions:
+We prefer #ifdef and #ifndef to #if defined() and #if !defined()
+when there is only one macro being tested. We always use parentheses
+with "defined".
- png_convert_to_rfc_1123() in png.c
- (formerly png_convert_to_rfc_1152() in error)
- png_convert_from_struct_tm() in pngwrite.c, called
- in pngwrite.c
- png_convert_from_time_t() in pngwrite.c
- png_get_tIME() in pngget.c
- png_handle_tIME() in pngrutil.c, called in pngread.c
- png_set_tIME() in pngset.c
- png_write_tIME() in pngwutil.c, called in pngwrite.c
+We express integer constants that are used as bit masks in hex format,
+with an even number of lower-case hex digits, and to make them unsigned
+(e.g., 0x00U, 0xffU, 0x0100U) and long if they are greater than 0x7fff
+(e.g., 0xffffUL).
-All appear to handle dates properly in a Y2K environment. The
-png_convert_from_time_t() function calls gmtime() to convert from system
-clock time, which returns (year - 1900), which we properly convert to
-the full 4-digit year. There is a possibility that applications using
-libpng are not passing 4-digit years into the png_convert_to_rfc_1123()
-function, or that they are incorrectly passing only a 2-digit year
-instead of "year - 1900" into the png_convert_from_struct_tm() function,
-but this is not under our control. The libpng documentation has always
-stated that it works with 4-digit years, and the APIs have been
-documented as such.
+We prefer to use underscores rather than camelCase in names, except
+for a few type names that we inherit from zlib.h.
-The tIME chunk itself is also Y2K compliant. It uses a 2-byte unsigned
-integer to hold the year, and can hold years as large as 65535.
+We prefer "if (something != 0)" and "if (something == 0)" over
+"if (something)" and if "(!something)", respectively, and for pointers
+we prefer "if (some_pointer != NULL)" or "if (some_pointer == NULL)".
-zlib, upon which libpng depends, is also Y2K compliant. It contains
-no date-related code.
+We do not use the TAB character for indentation in the C sources.
+Lines do not exceed 80 characters.
- Glenn Randers-Pehrson
- libpng maintainer
- PNG Development Group
+Other rules can be inferred by inspecting the libpng source.
.SH NOTE
@@ -4064,266 +5937,69 @@ on the library has not always been consistent and straightforward.
The following table summarizes matters since version 0.89c, which was
the first widely used release:
- source png.h png.h shared-lib
- version string int version
- ------- ------ ----- ----------
- 0.89c ("beta 3") 0.89 89 1.0.89
- 0.90 ("beta 4") 0.90 90 0.90
- 0.95 ("beta 5") 0.95 95 0.95
- 0.96 ("beta 6") 0.96 96 0.96
- 0.97b ("beta 7") 1.00.97 97 1.0.1
- 0.97c 0.97 97 2.0.97
- 0.98 0.98 98 2.0.98
- 0.99 0.99 98 2.0.99
- 0.99a-m 0.99 99 2.0.99
- 1.00 1.00 100 2.1.0
- 1.0.0 1.0.0 100 2.1.0
- 1.0.0 (from here on, the 100 2.1.0
- 1.0.1 png.h string is 10001 2.1.0
- 1.0.1a-e identical to the 10002 from here on, the
- 1.0.2 source version) 10002 shared library is 2.V
- 1.0.2a-b 10003 where V is the source
- 1.0.1 10001 code version except as
- 1.0.1a-e 10002 2.1.0.1a-e noted.
- 1.0.2 10002 2.1.0.2
- 1.0.2a-b 10003 2.1.0.2a-b
- 1.0.3 10003 2.1.0.3
- 1.0.3a-d 10004 2.1.0.3a-d
- 1.0.4 10004 2.1.0.4
- 1.0.4a-f 10005 2.1.0.4a-f
- 1.0.5 (+ 2 patches) 10005 2.1.0.5
- 1.0.5a-d 10006 2.1.0.5a-d
- 1.0.5e-r 10100 2.1.0.5e-r
- 1.0.5s-v 10006 2.1.0.5s-v
- 1.0.6 (+ 3 patches) 10006 2.1.0.6
- 1.0.6d-g 10007 2.1.0.6d-g
- 1.0.6h 10007 10.6h
- 1.0.6i 10007 10.6i
- 1.0.6j 10007 2.1.0.6j
- 1.0.7beta11-14 DLLNUM 10007 2.1.0.7beta11-14
- 1.0.7beta15-18 1 10007 2.1.0.7beta15-18
- 1.0.7rc1-2 1 10007 2.1.0.7rc1-2
- 1.0.7 1 10007 2.1.0.7
- 1.0.8beta1-4 1 10008 2.1.0.8beta1-4
- 1.0.8rc1 1 10008 2.1.0.8rc1
- 1.0.8 1 10008 2.1.0.8
- 1.0.9beta1-6 1 10009 2.1.0.9beta1-6
- 1.0.9rc1 1 10009 2.1.0.9rc1
- 1.0.9beta7-10 1 10009 2.1.0.9beta7-10
- 1.0.9rc2 1 10009 2.1.0.9rc2
- 1.0.9 1 10009 2.1.0.9
- 1.0.10beta1 1 10010 2.1.0.10beta1
- 1.0.10rc1 1 10010 2.1.0.10rc1
- 1.0.10 1 10010 2.1.0.10
- 1.0.11beta1-3 1 10011 2.1.0.11beta1-3
- 1.0.11rc1 1 10011 2.1.0.11rc1
- 1.0.11 1 10011 2.1.0.11
- 1.0.12beta1-2 2 10012 2.1.0.12beta1-2
- 1.0.12rc1 2 10012 2.1.0.12rc1
- 1.0.12 2 10012 2.1.0.12
- 1.1.0a-f - 10100 2.1.1.0a-f abandoned
- 1.2.0beta1-2 2 10200 2.1.2.0beta1-2
- 1.2.0beta3-5 3 10200 3.1.2.0beta3-5
- 1.2.0rc1 3 10200 3.1.2.0rc1
- 1.2.0 3 10200 3.1.2.0
- 1.2.1beta-4 3 10201 3.1.2.1beta1-4
- 1.2.1rc1-2 3 10201 3.1.2.1rc1-2
- 1.2.1 3 10201 3.1.2.1
- 1.2.2beta1-6 12 10202 12.so.0.1.2.2beta1-6
- 1.0.13beta1 10 10013 10.so.0.1.0.13beta1
- 1.0.13rc1 10 10013 10.so.0.1.0.13rc1
- 1.2.2rc1 12 10202 12.so.0.1.2.2rc1
- 1.0.13 10 10013 10.so.0.1.0.13
- 1.2.2 12 10202 12.so.0.1.2.2
- 1.2.3rc1-6 12 10203 12.so.0.1.2.3rc1-6
- 1.2.3 12 10203 12.so.0.1.2.3
- 1.2.4beta1-3 13 10204 12.so.0.1.2.4beta1-3
- 1.2.4rc1 13 10204 12.so.0.1.2.4rc1
- 1.0.14 10 10014 10.so.0.1.0.14
- 1.2.4 13 10204 12.so.0.1.2.4
- 1.2.5beta1-2 13 10205 12.so.0.1.2.5beta1-2
- 1.0.15rc1 10 10015 10.so.0.1.0.15rc1
- 1.0.15 10 10015 10.so.0.1.0.15
- 1.2.5 13 10205 12.so.0.1.2.5
- 1.2.6beta1-4 13 10206 12.so.0.1.2.6beta1-4
- 1.2.6rc1-5 13 10206 12.so.0.1.2.6rc1-5
- 1.0.16 10 10016 10.so.0.1.0.16
- 1.2.6 13 10206 12.so.0.1.2.6
- 1.2.7beta1-2 13 10207 12.so.0.1.2.7beta1-2
- 1.0.17rc1 10 10017 10.so.0.1.0.17rc1
- 1.2.7rc1 13 10207 12.so.0.1.2.7rc1
- 1.0.17 10 10017 10.so.0.1.0.17
- 1.2.7 13 10207 12.so.0.1.2.7
- 1.2.8beta1-5 13 10208 12.so.0.1.2.8beta1-5
- 1.0.18rc1-5 10 10018 10.so.0.1.0.18rc1-5
- 1.2.8rc1-5 13 10208 12.so.0.1.2.8rc1-5
- 1.0.18 10 10018 10.so.0.1.0.18
- 1.2.8 13 10208 12.so.0.1.2.8
- 1.2.9beta1-3 13 10209 12.so.0.1.2.9beta1-3
- 1.2.9beta4-11 13 10209 12.so.0.9[.0]
- 1.2.9rc1 13 10209 12.so.0.9[.0]
- 1.2.9 13 10209 12.so.0.9[.0]
- 1.2.10beta1-8 13 10210 12.so.0.10[.0]
- 1.2.10rc1-3 13 10210 12.so.0.10[.0]
- 1.2.10 13 10210 12.so.0.10[.0]
- 1.2.11beta1-4 13 10211 12.so.0.11[.0]
- 1.0.19rc1-5 10 10019 10.so.0.19[.0]
- 1.2.11rc1-5 13 10211 12.so.0.11[.0]
- 1.0.19 10 10019 10.so.0.19[.0]
- 1.2.11 13 10211 12.so.0.11[.0]
- 1.0.20 10 10020 10.so.0.20[.0]
- 1.2.12 13 10212 12.so.0.12[.0]
- 1.2.13beta1 13 10213 12.so.0.13[.0]
- 1.0.21 10 10021 10.so.0.21[.0]
- 1.2.13 13 10213 12.so.0.13[.0]
- 1.2.14beta1-2 13 10214 12.so.0.14[.0]
- 1.0.22rc1 10 10022 10.so.0.22[.0]
- 1.2.14rc1 13 10214 12.so.0.14[.0]
- 1.2.15beta1-6 13 10215 12.so.0.15[.0]
- 1.0.23rc1-5 10 10023 10.so.0.23[.0]
- 1.2.15rc1-5 13 10215 12.so.0.15[.0]
- 1.0.23 10 10023 10.so.0.23[.0]
- 1.2.15 13 10215 12.so.0.15[.0]
- 1.2.16beta1-2 13 10216 12.so.0.16[.0]
- 1.2.16rc1 13 10216 12.so.0.16[.0]
- 1.0.24 10 10024 10.so.0.24[.0]
- 1.2.16 13 10216 12.so.0.16[.0]
- 1.2.17beta1-2 13 10217 12.so.0.17[.0]
- 1.0.25rc1 10 10025 10.so.0.25[.0]
- 1.2.17rc1-3 13 10217 12.so.0.17[.0]
- 1.0.25 10 10025 10.so.0.25[.0]
- 1.2.17 13 10217 12.so.0.17[.0]
- 1.0.26 10 10026 10.so.0.26[.0]
- 1.2.18 13 10218 12.so.0.18[.0]
- 1.2.19beta1-31 13 10219 12.so.0.19[.0]
- 1.0.27rc1-6 10 10027 10.so.0.27[.0]
- 1.2.19rc1-6 13 10219 12.so.0.19[.0]
- 1.0.27 10 10027 10.so.0.27[.0]
- 1.2.19 13 10219 12.so.0.19[.0]
- 1.2.20beta01-04 13 10220 12.so.0.20[.0]
- 1.0.28rc1-6 10 10028 10.so.0.28[.0]
- 1.2.20rc1-6 13 10220 12.so.0.20[.0]
- 1.0.28 10 10028 10.so.0.28[.0]
- 1.2.20 13 10220 12.so.0.20[.0]
- 1.2.21beta1-2 13 10221 12.so.0.21[.0]
- 1.2.21rc1-3 13 10221 12.so.0.21[.0]
- 1.0.29 10 10029 10.so.0.29[.0]
- 1.2.21 13 10221 12.so.0.21[.0]
- 1.2.22beta1-4 13 10222 12.so.0.22[.0]
- 1.0.30rc1 13 10030 10.so.0.30[.0]
- 1.2.22rc1 13 10222 12.so.0.22[.0]
- 1.0.30 10 10030 10.so.0.30[.0]
- 1.2.22 13 10222 12.so.0.22[.0]
- 1.2.23beta01-05 13 10223 12.so.0.23[.0]
- 1.2.23rc01 13 10223 12.so.0.23[.0]
- 1.2.23 13 10223 12.so.0.23[.0]
- 1.2.24beta01-02 13 10224 12.so.0.24[.0]
- 1.2.24rc01 13 10224 12.so.0.24[.0]
- 1.2.24 13 10224 12.so.0.24[.0]
- 1.2.25beta01-06 13 10225 12.so.0.25[.0]
- 1.2.25rc01-02 13 10225 12.so.0.25[.0]
- 1.0.31 10 10031 10.so.0.31[.0]
- 1.2.25 13 10225 12.so.0.25[.0]
- 1.2.26beta01-06 13 10226 12.so.0.26[.0]
- 1.2.26rc01 13 10226 12.so.0.26[.0]
- 1.2.26 13 10226 12.so.0.26[.0]
- 1.0.32 10 10032 10.so.0.32[.0]
- 1.2.27beta01-06 13 10227 12.so.0.27[.0]
- 1.2.27rc01 13 10227 12.so.0.27[.0]
- 1.0.33 10 10033 10.so.0.33[.0]
- 1.2.27 13 10227 12.so.0.27[.0]
- 1.0.34 10 10034 10.so.0.34[.0]
- 1.2.28 13 10228 12.so.0.28[.0]
- 1.2.29beta01-03 13 10229 12.so.0.29[.0]
- 1.2.29rc01 13 10229 12.so.0.29[.0]
- 1.0.35 10 10035 10.so.0.35[.0]
- 1.2.29 13 10229 12.so.0.29[.0]
- 1.0.37 10 10037 10.so.0.37[.0]
- 1.2.30beta01-04 13 10230 12.so.0.30[.0]
- 1.0.38rc01-08 10 10038 10.so.0.38[.0]
- 1.2.30rc01-08 13 10230 12.so.0.30[.0]
- 1.0.38 10 10038 10.so.0.38[.0]
- 1.2.30 13 10230 12.so.0.30[.0]
- 1.0.39rc01-03 10 10039 10.so.0.39[.0]
- 1.2.31rc01-03 13 10231 12.so.0.31[.0]
- 1.0.39 10 10039 10.so.0.39[.0]
- 1.2.31 13 10231 12.so.0.31[.0]
- 1.2.32beta01-02 13 10232 12.so.0.32[.0]
- 1.0.40rc01 10 10040 10.so.0.40[.0]
- 1.2.32rc01 13 10232 12.so.0.32[.0]
- 1.0.40 10 10040 10.so.0.40[.0]
- 1.2.32 13 10232 12.so.0.32[.0]
- 1.2.33beta01-02 13 10233 12.so.0.33[.0]
- 1.2.33rc01-02 13 10233 12.so.0.33[.0]
- 1.0.41rc01 10 10041 10.so.0.41[.0]
- 1.2.33 13 10233 12.so.0.33[.0]
- 1.0.41 10 10041 10.so.0.41[.0]
- 1.2.34beta01-07 13 10234 12.so.0.34[.0]
- 1.0.42rc01 10 10042 10.so.0.42[.0]
- 1.2.34rc01 13 10234 12.so.0.34[.0]
- 1.0.42 10 10042 10.so.0.42[.0]
- 1.2.34 13 10234 12.so.0.34[.0]
- 1.2.35beta01-03 13 10235 12.so.0.35[.0]
- 1.0.43rc01-02 10 10043 10.so.0.43[.0]
- 1.2.35rc01-02 13 10235 12.so.0.35[.0]
- 1.0.43 10 10043 10.so.0.43[.0]
- 1.2.35 13 10235 12.so.0.35[.0]
- 1.2.36beta01-05 13 10236 12.so.0.36[.0]
- 1.2.36rc01 13 10236 12.so.0.36[.0]
- 1.0.44 10 10044 10.so.0.44[.0]
- 1.2.36 13 10236 12.so.0.36[.0]
- 1.2.37beta01-03 13 10237 12.so.0.37[.0]
- 1.2.37rc01 13 10237 12.so.0.37[.0]
- 1.2.37 13 10237 12.so.0.37[.0]
- 1.2.45 10 10045 12.so.0.45[.0]
- 1.0.46 10 10046 10.so.0.46[.0]
- 1.2.38beta01 13 10238 12.so.0.38[.0]
- 1.2.38rc01-03 13 10238 12.so.0.38[.0]
- 1.0.47 10 10047 10.so.0.47[.0]
- 1.2.38 13 10238 12.so.0.38[.0]
- 1.2.39beta01-05 13 10239 12.so.0.39[.0]
- 1.2.39rc01 13 10239 12.so.0.39[.0]
- 1.0.48 10 10048 10.so.0.48[.0]
- 1.2.39 13 10239 12.so.0.39[.0]
- 1.2.40beta01 13 10240 12.so.0.40[.0]
- 1.2.40rc01 13 10240 12.so.0.40[.0]
- 1.0.49 10 10049 10.so.0.49[.0]
- 1.2.40 13 10240 12.so.0.40[.0]
- 1.0.50 10 10050 10.so.0.50[.0]
- 1.2.41beta01-18 13 10241 12.so.0.41[.0]
- 1.0.51rc01 10 10051 10.so.0.51[.0]
- 1.2.41rc01-03 13 10241 12.so.0.41[.0]
- 1.0.51 10 10051 10.so.0.51[.0]
- 1.2.41 13 10241 12.so.0.41[.0]
- 1.2.42beta01-02 13 10242 12.so.0.42[.0]
- 1.2.42rc01-05 13 10242 12.so.0.42[.0]
- 1.0.52 10 10052 10.so.0.52[.0]
- 1.2.42 13 10242 12.so.0.42[.0]
- 1.2.43beta01-05 13 10243 12.so.0.43[.0]
- 1.0.53rc01-02 10 10053 10.so.0.53[.0]
- 1.2.43rc01-02 13 10243 12.so.0.43[.0]
- 1.0.53 10 10053 10.so.0.53[.0]
- 1.2.43 13 10243 12.so.0.43[.0]
- 1.2.44beta01-03 13 10244 12.so.0.44[.0]
- 1.2.44rc01-03 13 10244 12.so.0.44[.0]
- 1.2.44 13 10244 12.so.0.44[.0]
-
-Henceforth the source version will match the shared-library minor
-and patch numbers; the shared-library major version number will be
-used for changes in backward compatibility, as it is intended. The
-PNG_PNGLIB_VER macro, which is not used within libpng but is available
-for applications, is an unsigned integer of the form xyyzz corresponding
-to the source version x.y.z (leading zeros in y and z). Beta versions
-were given the previous public release number plus a letter, until
-version 1.0.6j; from then on they were given the upcoming public
-release number plus "betaNN" or "rcN".
+ source png.h png.h shared-lib
+ version string int version
+ ------- ------ ----- ----------
+ 0.89c "1.0 beta 3" 0.89 89 1.0.89
+ 0.90 "1.0 beta 4" 0.90 90 0.90 [should have been 2.0.90]
+ 0.95 "1.0 beta 5" 0.95 95 0.95 [should have been 2.0.95]
+ 0.96 "1.0 beta 6" 0.96 96 0.96 [should have been 2.0.96]
+ 0.97b "1.00.97 beta 7" 1.00.97 97 1.0.1 [should have been 2.0.97]
+ 0.97c 0.97 97 2.0.97
+ 0.98 0.98 98 2.0.98
+ 0.99 0.99 98 2.0.99
+ 0.99a-m 0.99 99 2.0.99
+ 1.00 1.00 100 2.1.0 [100 should be 10000]
+ 1.0.0 (from here on, the 100 2.1.0 [100 should be 10000]
+ 1.0.1 png.h string is 10001 2.1.0
+ 1.0.1a-e identical to the 10002 from here on, the shared library
+ 1.0.2 source version) 10002 is 2.V where V is the source code
+ 1.0.2a-b 10003 version, except as noted.
+ 1.0.3 10003
+ 1.0.3a-d 10004
+ 1.0.4 10004
+ 1.0.4a-f 10005
+ 1.0.5 (+ 2 patches) 10005
+ 1.0.5a-d 10006
+ 1.0.5e-r 10100 (not source compatible)
+ 1.0.5s-v 10006 (not binary compatible)
+ 1.0.6 (+ 3 patches) 10006 (still binary incompatible)
+ 1.0.6d-f 10007 (still binary incompatible)
+ 1.0.6g 10007
+ 1.0.6h 10007 10.6h (testing xy.z so-numbering)
+ 1.0.6i 10007 10.6i
+ 1.0.6j 10007 2.1.0.6j (incompatible with 1.0.0)
+ 1.0.7beta11-14 DLLNUM 10007 2.1.0.7beta11-14 (binary compatible)
+ 1.0.7beta15-18 1 10007 2.1.0.7beta15-18 (binary compatible)
+ 1.0.7rc1-2 1 10007 2.1.0.7rc1-2 (binary compatible)
+ 1.0.7 1 10007 (still compatible)
+ ...
+ 1.0.69 10 10069 10.so.0.69[.0]
+ ...
+ 1.2.59 13 10259 12.so.0.59[.0]
+ ...
+ 1.4.20 14 10420 14.so.0.20[.0]
+ ...
+ 1.5.30 15 10530 15.so.15.30[.0]
+ ...
+ 1.6.35 16 10635 16.so.16.35[.0]
+
+Henceforth the source version will match the shared-library minor and
+patch numbers; the shared-library major version number will be used for
+changes in backward compatibility, as it is intended.
+The PNG_PNGLIB_VER macro, which is not used within libpng but is
+available for applications, is an unsigned integer of the form XYYZZ
+corresponding to the source version X.Y.Z (leading zeros in Y and Z).
+Beta versions were given the previous public release number plus a
+letter, until version 1.0.6j; from then on they were given the upcoming
+public release number plus "betaNN" or "rcNN".
.SH "SEE ALSO"
.IR libpngpf(3) ", " png(5)
.LP
.IR libpng :
.IP
-http://libpng.sourceforge.net (follow the [DOWNLOAD] link)
+https://libpng.sourceforge.io/ (follow the [DOWNLOAD] link)
http://www.libpng.org/pub/png
.LP
@@ -4333,7 +6009,7 @@ http://www.libpng.org/pub/png
.I libpng
or at
.br
-ftp://ftp.info-zip.org/pub/infozip/zlib
+https://zlib.net/
.LP
.IR PNG specification: RFC 2083
@@ -4342,19 +6018,20 @@ ftp://ftp.info-zip.org/pub/infozip/zlib
.I libpng
or at
.br
-ftp://ftp.rfc-editor.org:/in-notes/rfc2083.txt
+https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2083.txt
.br
or (as a W3C Recommendation) at
.br
-http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-png.html
+https://www.w3.org/TR/REC-png.html
.LP
In the case of any inconsistency between the PNG specification
and this library, the specification takes precedence.
.SH AUTHORS
-This man page: Glenn Randers-Pehrson
-<glennrp at users.sourceforge.net>
+This man page:
+Initially created by Glenn Randers-Pehrson.
+Maintained by Cosmin Truta.
The contributing authors would like to thank all those who helped
with testing, bug fixes, and patience. This wouldn't have been
@@ -4362,9 +6039,9 @@ possible without all of you.
Thanks to Frank J. T. Wojcik for helping with the documentation.
-Libpng version 1.2.44 - June 26, 2010:
+Libpng:
Initially created in 1995 by Guy Eric Schalnat, then of Group 42, Inc.
-Currently maintained by Glenn Randers-Pehrson (glennrp at users.sourceforge.net).
+Maintained by Cosmin Truta.
Supported by the PNG development group
.br
@@ -4374,117 +6051,4 @@ png-mng-implement at lists.sourceforge.net (subscription required; visit
https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/png-mng-implement
to subscribe).
-.SH COPYRIGHT NOTICE, DISCLAIMER, and LICENSE:
-
-(This copy of the libpng notices is provided for your convenience. In case of
-any discrepancy between this copy and the notices in the file png.h that is
-included in the libpng distribution, the latter shall prevail.)
-
-If you modify libpng you may insert additional notices immediately following
-this sentence.
-
-This code is released under the libpng license.
-
-libpng versions 1.2.6, August 15, 2004, through 1.2.44, June 26, 2010, are
-Copyright (c) 2004,2006-2008 Glenn Randers-Pehrson, and are
-distributed according to the same disclaimer and license as libpng-1.2.5
-with the following individual added to the list of Contributing Authors
-
- Cosmin Truta
-
-libpng versions 1.0.7, July 1, 2000, through 1.2.5 - October 3, 2002, are
-Copyright (c) 2000-2002 Glenn Randers-Pehrson, and are
-distributed according to the same disclaimer and license as libpng-1.0.6
-with the following individuals added to the list of Contributing Authors
-
- Simon-Pierre Cadieux
- Eric S. Raymond
- Gilles Vollant
-
-and with the following additions to the disclaimer:
-
- There is no warranty against interference with your
- enjoyment of the library or against infringement.
- There is no warranty that our efforts or the library
- will fulfill any of your particular purposes or needs.
- This library is provided with all faults, and the entire
- risk of satisfactory quality, performance, accuracy, and
- effort is with the user.
-
-libpng versions 0.97, January 1998, through 1.0.6, March 20, 2000, are
-Copyright (c) 1998, 1999 Glenn Randers-Pehrson
-Distributed according to the same disclaimer and license as libpng-0.96,
-with the following individuals added to the list of Contributing Authors:
-
- Tom Lane
- Glenn Randers-Pehrson
- Willem van Schaik
-
-libpng versions 0.89, June 1996, through 0.96, May 1997, are
-Copyright (c) 1996, 1997 Andreas Dilger
-Distributed according to the same disclaimer and license as libpng-0.88,
-with the following individuals added to the list of Contributing Authors:
-
- John Bowler
- Kevin Bracey
- Sam Bushell
- Magnus Holmgren
- Greg Roelofs
- Tom Tanner
-
-libpng versions 0.5, May 1995, through 0.88, January 1996, are
-Copyright (c) 1995, 1996 Guy Eric Schalnat, Group 42, Inc.
-
-For the purposes of this copyright and license, "Contributing Authors"
-is defined as the following set of individuals:
-
- Andreas Dilger
- Dave Martindale
- Guy Eric Schalnat
- Paul Schmidt
- Tim Wegner
-
-The PNG Reference Library is supplied "AS IS". The Contributing Authors
-and Group 42, Inc. disclaim all warranties, expressed or implied,
-including, without limitation, the warranties of merchantability and of
-fitness for any purpose. The Contributing Authors and Group 42, Inc.
-assume no liability for direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary,
-or consequential damages, which may result from the use of the PNG
-Reference Library, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.
-
-Permission is hereby granted to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
-source code, or portions hereof, for any purpose, without fee, subject
-to the following restrictions:
-
-1. The origin of this source code must not be misrepresented.
-
-2. Altered versions must be plainly marked as such and
- must not be misrepresented as being the original source.
-
-3. This Copyright notice may not be removed or altered from
- any source or altered source distribution.
-
-The Contributing Authors and Group 42, Inc. specifically permit, without
-fee, and encourage the use of this source code as a component to
-supporting the PNG file format in commercial products. If you use this
-source code in a product, acknowledgment is not required but would be
-appreciated.
-
-
-A "png_get_copyright" function is available, for convenient use in "about"
-boxes and the like:
-
- printf("%s",png_get_copyright(NULL));
-
-Also, the PNG logo (in PNG format, of course) is supplied in the
-files "pngbar.png" and "pngbar.jpg (88x31) and "pngnow.png" (98x31).
-
-Libpng is OSI Certified Open Source Software. OSI Certified Open Source is a
-certification mark of the Open Source Initiative.
-
-Glenn Randers-Pehrson
-glennrp at users.sourceforge.net
-June 26, 2010
-
.\" end of man page
-