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authorAndrew Bartlett <abartlet@samba.org>2012-05-24 20:31:37 +1000
committerAndrew Bartlett <abartlet@samba.org>2012-05-25 10:17:50 +1000
commit1876d63083e3c4c9a4f6112cca423dcf9b00acfe (patch)
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parent64ddb668843554725eb7cddc862c8e906f1bbe63 (diff)
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doc: Explain our build systems for Samba 4.0
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+BUILDING SAMBA 4.0
+(which build system to use and why)
+===================================
+
+The waf build
+-------------
+
+Samba 4.0 ships with a new build system, based on waf. A background to
+this build system can be found at https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Waf
+
+This is the build system that is used when you run ./configure && make
+in the top level of a Samba 4.0 release tree.
+
+For the vast majority of our users, this is the build system you should
+use. It supports parallel and incremental builds, and builds the whole
+Samba suite, the file server, the print server, the NT4 domain
+controller, winbind, the AD Domain Controller, the client libraries and
+the python libraries.
+
+A key feature for many of our distributors and OEMs is that despite the
+range of additional features, the resulting binaries and libraries are
+substantially smaller, because we use shared libraries extensively.
+
+For distributions that have a requirement to use the system-supplied
+Kerberos library, we support building against a Heimdal or system MIT
+Kerberos library, provided the version is recent enough (otherwise we
+will use our internal version of Heimdal). Please note that builds
+with MIT krb5 support will not have AD DC features.
+
+By the time of the first release candidate, we will finish renaming
+the binaries that we ship so that where we provide a tool under a name
+that was used in Samba 3.x, it continues to behave in the same way it
+always has. This will ensure that our change in build system does not
+impact on our user's ability to use Samba as they always have.
+
+For developers, this build system backs a comprehensive 'make test',
+which provides code coverage of around 48% of our code by line:
+https://build.samba.org/lcov/data/coverage/samba_4_0_test/
+
+This build system also implements important features such as ABI
+checking (which protects you as users from accidental changes to our
+published libraries), symbol versions and dependency checked incremental
+rebuilds after header-file changes.
+
+The waf build also assists developers by providing fully-linked binaries
+that run from bin/ without needing to set LD_LIBRARY_PATH.
+
+For users who do not have python installed on their systems, we provide
+a install_with_python.sh script, which will install a local copy of
+python sufficient to run the build system, without impacting on the rest
+of the system.
+
+Within this requirement, we expect that this build will run on all our
+supported platforms, and will actively deal with any portability issues
+that users can bring to our attention.
+
+For all these reasons, we highly recommend this new build system to all
+our users, for whatever purpose you want to put Samba to.
+
+The autoconf build
+------------------
+
+For a small number of users, the requirement to have access to Python
+2.4 and perl will be unacceptable, and for these users we continue to
+provide the 'autoconf' build system used in Samba 3.x under the
+source3/. This will build fewer parts of Samba, but should not be seen
+as 'the file server build' (typical file server deployments should use
+the top level build), but as a measure provided with limited features
+for systems and organisations unable to meet the requirements for the
+new build system.
+
+If you do need to use the autoconf build system, please let us know:
+both why you cannot use the 'waf' build in the top level, and what
+features of the source3 build that you require. We need this
+information to assess the continuing demand for this parallel
+infrastructure, and to determine which features need to remain available
+in both build systems.
+
+Optional Libraries
+------------------
+
+To assist users and distributors to build Samba with the full feature
+set, by the first release candidate the build system will abort if our
+dependent libraries and their header files are not found on the target
+system. This will mean for example, that xattr, acl and ldap headers
+must be installed for the default build to complete. The configure
+system will check for these headers, and the error message will
+indicate:
+ - the required header and library
+ - the option (such as --without-acl-support) that can be specified to
+ skip this requirement, and
+ - the feature (ACL support optional for file servers, mandatory for AD
+ Domain Controller) being skipped.
+
+This will assist users and in particular distributors in building fully
+functional packages, while allowing those on systems truly without these
+facilities to continue to build Samba after careful consideration.